Table of contents:
- Causes of the disease
- Chlamydia of the respiratory tract
- Other types of infection
- How to protect yourself
Video: Chlamydia - Causes Of Chlamydia, Routes Of Transmission, Methods Of Treatment
Last updated 24 January 2018 at 12:54
Reading time: 4 minutes
More and more people are interested in what chlamydia is and what causes it. This is due to the constantly growing number of sick people.
In order to protect yourself, loved ones should know about the origin and methods of protection. Infection with this disease occurs by entering the body of the pathogen - chlamydia. Depending on the type of pathogen, strains of chlamydia differ.
Chlamydia pneumoniae is the cause of respiratory diseases (bronchitis, pharyngitis, laryngitis, tonsillitis). Both a child and an adult with reduced immunity can become infected with this species, the disease is transmitted by airborne droplets.
Chlamydia trachomatis is the causative agent of the venereal disease of chlamydia, which is transmitted exclusively through sexual contact.
- 1 Causes of the disease
- 2 Chlamydia of the respiratory tract
- 3 Urogenital strain
- 4 Other types of infection
5 How to protect yourself
5.1 Similar articles
Causes of the disease
The causes of chlamydia are as diverse as its types. But one common feature for all species is the reduced protective functions of the body.
The period when immunity is suppressed is the highest risk of contracting bacteria. Getting into a strong organism, where the protective functions work at full strength, chlamydia will die.
Poor nutrition, untreated diseases, chronic diseases, low levels of vitamins in the autumn, pregnancy - all these are the reasons for low immunity in which the likelihood of infection increases by 50%.
Chlamydia of the respiratory tract
This type of disease is the most common, it belongs to sexually transmitted diseases. Chlamydia trachomatis penetrates into the cells of the genital organs, feed on the cell mass, grow, multiply, provoking side diseases and complications. The female body is most susceptible to this type.
Urogenital chlamydia in women and the causes of its occurrence are slightly different from the male version of the disease. The point is the microflora, the habitat of bacteria. The female body is most convenient for chlamydia for life and reproduction.
The risk of illness is especially high when estrogen levels decline. This period occurs during menopause and during pregnancy.
The first symptom that may indicate infection with chlamydia may be simple inflammatory processes. Depending on the place of localization of bacteria, it can be vaginitis, colpitis, which will be accompanied by characteristic discharge, pulling pains in the lower abdomen, over time, itching and burning may appear.
Further complications such as erosion of the cervix, endometritis, adnexitis appear. Pains and an increase in body temperature above 37 degrees may appear.
Chlamydia is especially dangerous for pregnant women:
- the hazard poses the risk of transmission of the disease from mother to child, which can cause serious problems in the development of the fetus;
- it is a serious threat of miscarriage or premature birth;
- the threat for the mother herself to receive serious health complications.
In addition to a chronic condition, this disease can serve as a reason for a violation of potency, infertility, chronic pain in the pelvic region. In addition, in men, chlamydia can be diagnosed only after passing the full incubation period, which reaches 28 days.
Other types of infection
There are 15 known types of chlamydia. The listed types are the most common in our society. Another less rare way of contracting the disease is through contact with animals and birds.
Some animals are carriers of this bacterium and can cause chlamydia to enter the human body. This strain is called Chlamydia pecorum, Chlamydia psittaci and is the cause of chlamydia psoriasis.
How to protect yourself
The first rule of thumb to protect against urogenital chlamydia is protected sexual intercourse. Although this does not give a 100% guarantee, it significantly reduces the risk of disease. Frequent partner changes can also cause chlamydia infection.
The appearance of the first signs of inflammation of the urogenital area may serve as a reason to check the body for the presence of bacteria. During a decrease in the body's immune functions, one should refrain from visiting a large crowd of patients. Visit such places only if absolutely necessary and with caution.
A healthy body can easily deal with bacteria without medication. But in case of infection, the full range of measures prescribed by a specialist should be followed.
Chlamydia is a very tenacious bacteria, and also belongs to the types of organisms that are difficult to exterminate. Due to their biological abilities, they easily take root, quickly spread, only one bacterium remaining in the body is able to multiply very quickly and provoke a new lesion. Such lesions may appear in a new location, with new symptoms.
Guided by information about what chlamydia is, what are the causes of occurrence in women, men, children, you can protect yourself, your family from a serious illness.