Skin Diseases - Skin Diseases, Causes And Treatments

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Skin Diseases - Skin Diseases, Causes And Treatments
Skin Diseases - Skin Diseases, Causes And Treatments
Anonim

Last updated 6 November 2017 at 01:06

Reading time: 5 min

The skin is the largest organ of the human body that performs protective functions in relation to internal organs.

Allergic reactions, negative environmental influences, parasites, genetic predisposition to certain skin diseases are just an incomplete list of pathogens that can cause skin problems.

Unlike other organs, skin diseases appear immediately and are visible to the naked eye. According to the condition of the skin, it is possible with a high degree of probability to determine which organs require treatment. And the sooner you go to a medical institution for help, the more successful the treatment will be.

Today, there are quite a few reasons that can lead to skin diseases.

The negative influence of the environment, mechanical damage, endocrine system disorders are the main factors that can harm human health.

The skin, like any other organ, has a rather complex structure and is divided into:

  1. epidermis - the top layer, which is able to change its color under the influence of ultraviolet rays and is constantly renewed;
  2. dermis - the main layer of the skin, where the glands, hair follicles and receptors of nerve cells are located;
  3. subcutaneous fat is the third layer, which serves to keep warm and nourish the body with fluid and other vital nutrients.

For example, the epidermis is affected by psoriasis, furunculosis is dangerous for the dermis, but the subcutaneous fatty tissue is threatened by the formation of a lipoma.

Conventionally, diseases of human skin can be divided into infectious and non-infectious, and the main task of an experienced dermatologist and a number of other specialists is to establish the cause of a particular ailment.

Content

  • 1 Hereditary skin diseases
  • 2 Infectious skin diseases

    2.1 Similar articles

Hereditary skin diseases

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Atopic dermatitis is a genetic disease, if both parents suffer from this type of skin disease, then it is very likely that a child may develop an ailment.

It manifests itself at the age of 2 or 3 years in children as a result of problems with the gastrointestinal tract. Symptoms are prominent, including dryness, redness, and severe flaking of the cheeks. From the first years of life, diaper rash of the skin may disturb, which bother a sufficiently long amount of time.

Treatment

If the above symptoms occur, do not expect them to go away on their own. You need to immediately seek medical help, where adequate treatment will be prescribed, namely:

  • treatment with ultraviolet radiation;
  • the appointment of a diet necessary for such a disease. If the child is breastfed, then the diet is assigned to the mother;
  • drug treatment;
  • adherence to some recommendations: bathing in water with the addition of herbal decoctions, the use of a moisturizing and hypoallergenic product for the skin, aggressive detergents should be avoided as much as possible.
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Psoriasis is a chronic non-infectious disease that affects almost the entire surface of the skin. In rare cases, it may not manifest itself in any way and not bother a person whose body is affected by psoriasis.

The appearance on the skin of psoriatic plaques, which are red in color, with slight peeling, is noted. Most often they form on the elbows, buttocks and can later spread to the surface of the head, back and abdomen.

Treatment

The main difficulty in treating psoriasis is that one course is not enough. Schematic and frequent passage of the prescribed procedures is required at least once every six months.

Most often, doctors recommend the following treatment regimen:

  1. the use of special ointments based on solid oil;
  2. treatment by exposing the skin to ultraviolet rays;
  3. a diet that excludes spicy foods, fried, smoked and too salty;
  4. herbal medicine, which includes the use of various medicinal plants;
  5. method of blood purification apparatus;
  6. drug treatment aimed at restoring liver function.
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Acne is a skin lesion accompanied by the formation of blackheads, pimples and cysts not only on the surface of the face, but also on other parts of the body, such as the chest, neck, back.

Doctors note that this disease can be transmitted from one of the parents to the child. An increase in the production of sebum and blockage of pores can lead to disastrous consequences, causing moral suffering to a sick person due to imperfections in their own appearance.

Treatment

You should contact a therapist and dermatologist to find out the causes of the disease. After carrying out the necessary tests, the doctor prescribes the most appropriate treatment regimen, which in most cases includes:

  • various salicylic acid-based ointments;
  • exclusion from the diet of fatty, sweet and dairy foods;
  • oral antibiotics;
  • injections of steroid anti-inflammatory drugs;
  • compliance with all recommendations for skin care, frequent change of bed linen, personal hygiene items, washing in water with the addition of various herbal decoctions;
  • skin resurfacing, cleaning.

Infectious skin diseases

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Scabies is a skin infection resulting from the negative effects of a scabies mite on the skin.

The incubation period for this disease ranges from several days to 6 weeks. You should be aware that the disease can be transmitted sexually or through the household: through the clothes and bedding of an infected person.

Symptoms: A red rash occurs most often on the feet, wrists and armpits. The patient is worried about the constant itching caused by an allergy to the waste products of the tick.

A person who has received scabies sexually is recommended to be tested and tested for a number of sexually transmitted diseases, it is scabies that is the main marker indicating the presence of other infections in the human body.

Treatment

Skin diseases of this kind should be treated under the strict supervision of a physician in order to avoid complications caused by taking the wrong drugs, which are required.

After the complete elimination of ticks, unpleasant symptoms can persist for several days.

Skin conditions are often treated with:

  1. medicinal preparations containing sulfur;
  2. sodium thiosulfate solution and hydrochloric acid;
  3. injection.
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Skin tuberculosis is an infection of the skin caused by exposure to Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The most susceptible to this type of disease are people who have had tuberculosis of a different localization.

Symptoms: there is inflammation of the lymph nodes, the formation of ulcers, seals and nodules on the skin, accompanied by severe inflammation. Medical staff note that skin tuberculosis is quickly diagnosed and responds well to treatment.

In rare cases, some complications may occur in the form of not fully healed ulcers and fistulas, so you should not waste time and, if the first symptoms occur, you should immediately contact a medical institution to receive the necessary help.

Treatment

Skin disease therapy takes on average six months to a year. The ecological environment, unhealthy diet, poor living conditions can cause skin tuberculosis.

During therapy, special attention is paid to strengthening the protective properties of the body and neutralizing scars that may appear on the skin even after complete recovery.

Most often, doctors use the following scheme:

  1. the appointment of immunomodulators;
  2. inclusion in the diet of dairy products, meat, fish, walnuts;
  3. treatment with drugs such as isoniazid and streptomycin;
  4. special procedures to minimize the risk of disease recurrence.
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Herpes zoster - the causative agent is the herpes virus that has entered the human body.

An acute viral disease is characterized by the occurrence of rashes on the human skin and damage to the nervous system. At risk are people who have had early chickenpox and people of retirement age. Infection can also occur in younger people.

It is noted that due to the influence of unfavorable factors, such as stress, tumors, a sharp decrease in immunity, the virus is localized and causes inflammation. Pink spots gradually grow over the entire surface of the skin, after which bubbles form with a colorless liquid.

Treatment

When you go to the hospital, an experienced doctor will be able to make a diagnosis without various laboratory confirmations. This is due to the fact that herpes zoster has characteristic symptoms and skin diseases of this kind are almost impossible to confuse with other skin diseases.

The attending physician prescribes:

  1. sedatives;
  2. antibiotics in case of bacterial infection;
  3. antiviral drugs.

Finally

This article describes the most common skin diseases, their symptoms and treatment methods.

If you experience any symptoms that indicate the appearance of the above diseases, it is recommended to urgently contact a medical institution for further diagnosis and proper treatment.

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