Table of contents:
- Transmission methods
- Helicobacteriosis symptoms
- Diagnosis of the disease
- Helicobacteriosis therapy
- Preventive measures
Video: Helicobacter - Symptoms And Treatments, Bacteria Diagnosis, Basic Tests, Doctor's Advice
Last updated 16 October 2017 at 17:24
Reading time: 5 min
Helicobacter pylori is a pathology resulting from the vital activity of the bacteria Helicobacter pylori. It differs from all currently known microorganisms of this group in that it is able to survive in the acidic environment of the pyloric stomach. Its presence negatively affects human health. It is to her that he owes gastrointestinal diseases.
Thus, disorders appear in the body that, over time and without proper treatment, become a serious cause for concern. Also, according to many experts, it is Helicobacter pylori that provoke malignant neoplasms diagnosed as cancer.
In the stomach or intestines, the bacterium causes tissue atrophy and ulceration, which can then degenerate into cancer. Then there will be few options.
The specified pathogen affects regardless of gender, race and age. Unfortunately, gastric juices have no effect on him, but scientists are working on a vaccine. Adults suffer from Helicobacter pylori more often than the elderly or children. This is due to their more active life position.
This microbe belongs to the microaerophilic bacteria of the gram-negative type. The bacterium lives in the human body, parasitizing in the digestive system. It does not take long to become infected, because more than half of the inhabitants of planet Earth are already its carriers, although not everyone has symptoms.
- 1 Transmission methods
- 2 Symptoms of Helicobacter pylori
- 3 Diagnosis of the disease
- 4 Therapy for helicobacteriosis
5 Preventive measures
5.1 Similar articles
The exact mechanism of transmission and the reasons for the occurrence of helicobacteriosis are not known to date, but a list of alleged methods of infection has been compiled.
- the use of non-sterile medical instruments;
- the presence of common objects with a person who suffers from Helicobacter pylori;
- quenching thirst with tap water;
- eating unwashed fruits and vegetables;
- non-compliance with personal hygiene standards;
- transmission of bacteria through the air.
The source of the infection, called "helicobacter pylori", can be a sick person or a carrier of the bacteria. The latter is often unaware of his "mission" until one day the presence of "colonies" built by Helicobacter pylori is detected in his body.
A bacterial infection can proceed in different ways. There are two main forms. The Helicobacter bacterium, developing in a latent type, does not produce symptoms characterized by unpleasant or painful sensations. This is possible only if the immune system is not weakened. But even this scenario does not end well.
Due to the latent development, the pathology is difficult to identify, therefore the tissues that were atrophied by it became the cause of the onset of malignant neoplasms. Many patients are sure to the last that this is an intestinal virus that will soon disappear.
The second form is called acute. It is often accompanied by abdominal pain; nausea and vomiting; heartburn, unpleasant aftertaste; excessive gas evolution; bleeding gums. This is already a defeat of the duodenum or stomach.
In the future, the acute phase turns into a chronic one, which will manifest itself as an alternation of debilitating diarrhea and constipation; lack of interest in food; hunger after eating or, conversely, overeating. Both are fraught with consequences.
In addition to these two forms, the development of peptic ulcer, gastroduodenitis and gastritis in a chronic form is distinguished into a separate group. All these diseases indicate that bacteria in the stomach have settled for a long time. The signs of each of these ailments have similarities and differences among themselves.
Helicobacter causes various symptoms that can even appear on the face. This condition is called rosacea.
Its main symptom is the appearance of inflamed acne on the face and bad breath. The cause is located in the stomach area.
More than 80% of those suffering from helicobacteriosis suffer from such disorders in the body. Unpleasant sensations are complemented by an aesthetic flaw, due to which many people have complexes.
Diagnosis of the disease
The presence of a microorganism is diagnosed through specific laboratory tests, due to the absence of characteristic signs inherent only to this disease. But before they are appointed, the patient is interviewed, examined, physical and endoscopic examinations.
Fibrogastroscopy is also performed, that is, a sample of atrophied stomach tissue (biopsy) is obtained using special equipment.
Analyzes are taken both for diagnosis and for monitoring the course of treatment. Identifying the exact cause is possible only after receiving the research results:
- blood and saliva taken in case of bleeding gums;
- feces for the presence of wastes of microorganisms;
- blood to determine antibodies.
Diagnostic measures are also carried out a month or one and a half after the end of the course of antibiotics. To be sure, two methods are used. This step allows you to more accurately determine the result of the therapy.
Medical procedures are carried out in order to eliminate the bacterium along with all its "colonies" from the surface of the stomach and intestines. The therapy is selected individually for each patient. In this case, the attending physician takes into account the severity of the disease, the affected area, the symptoms manifested and the characteristics of the patient's body.
Most often, antibiotic drugs are used for treatment: "Metronidazole", "Amoxicillin", "Tetracycline", "Clarithromycin" and "Rabeprazole".
The duration of the course with these drugs is about 14 days. The effect of therapy directly depends on the patient's compliance with the recommendations of the attending physician and on the complications already existing due to Helicobacter pylori.
If it has passed into a chronic form, then there is a danger of the formation of a malignant tumor, which will be very difficult to get rid of later.
The treatment regimen is developed by several specialists, among whom there is an oncologist or a gastroenterologist, depending on what symptoms of helico formed.
Eradication-type therapy, characterized by the complex use of medicines selected by the attending physician, is quite effective, as it causes a stable remission.
There are two treatment regimens. The first involves taking the drugs listed above, and for the second, three drugs from the previous line ("Tetracycline", "Metronidazole", "Rabeprazole") and "Bismuth subsalicylate" are used.
The course of treatment with this complex should not exceed two weeks. Such treatment is designed to rid the body of the Helicobacter bacteria forever.
Antibiotics inhibit the activity of the intestines, therefore, a patient with helicobacteriosis should use Bifiform or Linex in parallel with drugs from the antibiotic group. Their function is to reduce the negative effects of essential drugs on the gastrointestinal mucosa and restore its work.
This is due to the presence of mild active substances in them that do not irritate the mucous membrane.
The result that occurs after undergoing therapy is influenced by the form of the pathology, the correspondence of the prescribed medications to the existing problems and the reaction of the Helicobacter pylori bacteria to the measures taken. If during the development of helicobacteriosis gastritis or a stomach ulcer is formed, then complete recovery is possible.
When oncology appears, everything is much more complicated. The operability (lack of such a possibility) of the tumor is of great importance. If it can be removed, then the chances of a full recovery are quite high.
Nutrition for the period of treatment should change significantly. First, antibiotic therapy eliminates fatty and spicy foods. Secondly, alcohol is also prohibited. It negates the entire therapeutic effect and negatively affects overall well-being.
Herbal medicine, in turn, will help eliminate the warning signs of infection with the bacterium Helicobacter pylori.
These medicines are prepared based on propolis, pear flowers, yarrow, apple blossoms, centaury, berries and leaves of lingonberry, calendula, elecampane and St. John's wort. They are used in the form of decoctions, infusions and tea.
There are many recipes for bacterial contamination. There is plenty to choose from, the main thing is not to forget to show them to a specialist. The effect does not appear immediately; by the end of the course, you can already see improvements.
Despite the difficulties associated with Helicobacter pylori, prevention does not require much effort and time. Its rules are pretty simple and familiar to everyone.
To avoid this disease it is necessary:
- use only your own devices for personal hygiene;
- wash fruits and vegetables before eating;
- avoid touching and sharing objects with unfamiliar people;
- observe the rules of personal hygiene;
- give up all harmful addictions;
- be more careful when choosing a sexual partner;
- promptly contact a medical institution if you have any doubts about your health.
Immunity to this pathology is not developed, so the only way out of the situation is to prevent health problems by improving the quality of life. You can do this by taking care of yourself.
Denial of alcohol and cigarettes, regular exercise, good rest - all this will help to heal the body, strengthen immunity and see the world with different eyes.