Skin Mycosis - Photos, Symptoms, Causes And Treatment Of Skin Mycosis

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Skin Mycosis - Photos, Symptoms, Causes And Treatment Of Skin Mycosis
Skin Mycosis - Photos, Symptoms, Causes And Treatment Of Skin Mycosis

Video: Skin Mycosis - Photos, Symptoms, Causes And Treatment Of Skin Mycosis

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Last updated 1 March 2020 at 01:18

Reading time: 6 minutes

The term "skin mycoses" doctors designate an extensive group of infectious diseases, characterized by skin lesions by fungi. Mycosis of the skin in most people begins with minor discomfort - the skin of the toes or hands is slightly itchy and itchy.

The fungus can affect almost any part of the body: if the areas on which hair grows are not affected, the disease is called mycosis of smooth skin, if the scalp is affected, it is mycosis of the hairy skin.

People who are far from medicine or who have never encountered similar problems know what mycosis is, by its common name - lichen.

Lichen is a common type of mycosis, often transmitted from pets, often children suffer from this disease.

Content

  • 1 Causes of skin diseases
  • 2 Types and types of mycosis
  • 3 Symptoms
  • 4 Transmission methods
  • 5 Treatment
  • 6 Prevention of mycosis

    6.1 Similar articles

Causes of skin diseases

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Mycosis of the skin is caused by fungi. Almost all of them are pathogenic for the human body (abnormal and provoke disease), with the exception of the fungi of the genus Candida. They are conditionally pathogenic - this means that in certain quantities fungi make up part of the normal microflora, but if they multiply excessively, they are dangerous.

Microorganisms that cause candidiasis begin to spread in the body if it is weakened by prolonged use of antibiotics, treatment of immunity diseases, poor environmental conditions and an unfavorable radiation background.

In addition to Candida, Trichophyton and Microsporum are also common pathogens. They cause damage to the epidermis and the upper layer of the skin.

Types and types of mycosis

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At the site of infection, doctors classify mycoses into the following types:

  1. mycosis of the trunk;
  2. mycosis of the feet;
  3. mycosis of the skin of the hands;
  4. mycosis of nails;
  5. mycosis of the smooth scalp;
  6. mycosis of the scalp (the latter is rare).

There are also different types of mycoses, depending on the type of microorganisms that provoked the disease:

  • dermatomycosis (or dermatophytosis). They are caused by the fungi Trichophyton, Epidermophyton and Microsporum. They mainly affect the nails, feet, hands, scalp;
  • keratomycosis. The causative agent is the yeast-like fungi Malassezia furfur. The stratum corneum and epidermis, as well as hair follicles, are vulnerable to them. Keratomycosis are well-known seborrheic dermatitis and tinea versicolor. Fungi reproduce well in a humid and warm environment, are common in the warm season and in countries with an appropriate climate;
  • candidomycosis. Caused by Candida fungi. They are dangerous in that they are capable of infecting not only the skin, but also the mucous membranes of the body (mouth, genitals, intestines), then spread to the internal organs;
  • deep mycoses are a type of disease that affects not only the skin, but also the internal organs. It is the most severe form, requires long systematic treatment;
  • pseudomycoses are diseases that are very similar in symptomatology to mycoses, but are caused not by fungi, but by bacteria, respectively, require a different treatment. A laboratory test, which is performed when contacting a dermatologist, will help to determine the pathogen and make a diagnosis.

Symptoms

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The ailment, as a rule, makes itself felt by redness of the skin, itching, small blisters localized in one area. This is how mycosis of the skin begins to appear. Most people do not pay attention to such "minor" symptoms, but in vain: at this stage, the fungus is easily excreted from the body, but very few people go to the doctor with the primary manifestations of skin problems.

The appearance of diaper rash, rash, irritation in the groin area, cavities between the fingers and toes, on the elbow bends, under the breasts in women should also become a reason to be wary and suspect mycosis of the folds.

Nails signal infection by uneven discoloration, brittleness and flaking of the plate. If the scalp is affected, the lesions appear as one or more irritated areas from which hair falls out.

The reason to immediately consult a doctor is the appearance on the body of several local lesions, which can grow and merge into a single inflamed area. In this case, the skin almost certainly suffers from a fungal infection and needs systematic treatment.

Transmission methods

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“Do not try to stroke a stray cat - you will pick up lichen,” - every child who is not indifferent to animals hears a formidable warning from parents. And it is good if the elders obey: mycosis of the skin is easily transmitted to humans from infected animals, the carriers of the disease can be cats, dogs, small rodents, cows, pigs.

The animal must be examined periodically - a pet can bring infection from the street or from its fellows. It is good if the animal has received all the necessary vaccinations and you regularly show it to the veterinarian: not only mycoses, but a host of other diseases can be transmitted through dogs and cats.

Mycosis of the skin is easily transmitted by direct contact with a sick person using common household items. If such a nuisance happened to someone in your family, in no case do not use common household items with the patient - dishes, towels, clothes, bedding. Otherwise, the whole family will have to be treated.

The fungi that cause mycosis are quite tenacious in the external environment. Particularly favorable conditions for them are created in public baths, saunas, swimming pools, showers. In a warm and humid environment, mushrooms multiply well, so when visiting such establishments, it is advisable to bring your own hygiene items - soap, towels, sheets, slates.

Shoes after a bath and a pool should be thoroughly washed and dried, if possible, treated with salicylic alcohol. It is also advisable to have your own soap and towel in the office.

Fungal infection is also possible during medical procedures and manipulations. The advice here is the same: if you go to a healthcare facility, do not hesitate to clarify whether doctors and nurses follow all the necessary hygiene rules. And, of course, do not neglect them when you are being treated at home.

The main function of our skin is a barrier, protective one. That is why injuries and wounds are recommended to be disinfected as soon as possible and to keep dirt out. Microorganisms otherwise can enter the bloodstream immediately, and not be localized on the external integument.

To protect themselves from fungal infection, doctors are advised to closely monitor the condition of the skin, wipe dry after a bath or shower (skin mycosis develops in the cavities of the toes and hands), and immediately contact a specialist at the first signs of abnormalities in the normal functioning of the skin.

Treatment

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On the Internet, you can find a description of many alternative methods of how to treat skin diseases. It is advisable to use them only after consulting a doctor. Mycosis of the skin is very different, the treatment has many features and is selected individually for each patient.

First of all, the doctor should refer the patient to the examination of a sample of the affected skin in the laboratory. This is necessary to identify a specific pathogen. The doctor's choice of medicine will also be influenced by such factors as the depth and area of ​​the affected area, the location of the disease, the degree of its development, general health and immunity, the presence of chronic diseases, the patient's age, the possibility of an allergic reaction to drugs.

If you see a doctor at an early stage of the development of the disease, external application of antifungal ointments will help defeat mycosis of smooth skin. Both local treatment and oral medication will be required if the disease has affected a large area of ​​the skin.

To treat mycosis, first of all, antifungal drugs used topically will be prescribed: these are ketoconazole, clotrimazole, fluconazole, terbinafil. They are applied to the affected areas twice a day.

To take orally to a patient with mycosis, griseofulvin will most likely be prescribed. The drug is safe, has proven itself well, it is prescribed even for children. However, griseofulvin can accumulate in the liver, so be sure to warn your doctor if you have problems with this organ.

The effectiveness of the selected preparations will be noticeable almost immediately, inflammation and peeling will disappear, the skin will acquire its normal shade, and healthy nail plates will grow. If there is no improvement, we go to the doctor again and understand the reasons - perhaps a stronger medicine is required.

Prevention of mycosis

In order not to let the infection into your body, you need to adhere to a few simple rules:

  1. strictly observe hygiene, take your own towels, sheets, slippers to the public pool, bathhouse, sauna, dry yourself thoroughly after a shower. It is advisable not to wear tight shoes and avoid sweating feet;
  2. disinfect wounds and skin lesions;
  3. strengthen the immune system, monitor the condition of the skin and consult a doctor in time if it changes.

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