Giardiasis In Adults - The Correct Treatment Regimen For Giardiasis In Adults

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Giardiasis In Adults - The Correct Treatment Regimen For Giardiasis In Adults
Giardiasis In Adults - The Correct Treatment Regimen For Giardiasis In Adults

Video: Giardiasis In Adults - The Correct Treatment Regimen For Giardiasis In Adults

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Video: Giardiasis 2023, February
Anonim

Last updated 23 June 2020 at 08:23 PM

Reading time: 5 min

Giardiasis is one of the most common infections caused by the ingestion of parasites of the flagellate class into the human body.

These organisms, getting into the intestines, begin to multiply actively and release toxins into the bloodstream. Giardia cysts are carried through the blood through the human body, penetrate into all organs. With a large amount of waste products of the protozoan flagellates thrown away, intoxication occurs, the symptoms of which bother the patient.

This infectious disease is common almost throughout the entire globe. Every year, a large number of people become infected, unfortunately, not all go to the doctor for diagnosis and treatment of lamblia in adults, hoping for an independent recovery of the body.

Content

  • 1 Symptoms of the disease
  • 2 How can you get giardiasis
  • 3 Diagnosis of giardiasis in an adult
  • 4 Stages of treatment of giardiasis in an adult
  • 5 Features of the stages in chronic disease
  • 6 Drugs used in the treatment of giardiasis

    6.1 Similar articles

Symptoms of the disease

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Getting into the blood, toxins negatively affect the human body. Often, patients have irritability, excessive emotionality, tearfulness.

There are also external manifestations of the disease. The skin becomes pale, dry, spots, rashes can be observed. The color of the sclera of the eyes also changes. If the course of the disease touches the liver, then the skin color turns yellow.

Since the immune system recognizes cysts and their toxins as foreign, a very strong allergic reaction can almost always be observed. There are violations from the gastrointestinal tract. First of all, this is a violation of appetite, heartburn, nausea, vomiting, violation of intestinal motility. A person quickly gets tired, sweating and swelling of the extremities is noticed. Such symptoms cannot but disturb, they will definitely be noticed.

Most often, the body is not able to get rid of the infection on its own, therefore, the treatment of giardiasis disease should consist of specific antiparasitic drugs.

How can you get giardiasis

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You can get these unpleasant diseases in different ways. The fact is that cysts live outside the human body for about three months, they are found in soil, water.

The following methods of infection are distinguished:

  • with dirty hands. So you can get an illness with insufficient personal hygiene or poor processing of clothes, dishes, and other items of use;
  • through the water. If you drink untreated tap water or water from water bodies. Simple boiling is enough then the lamblia cysts will die;
  • through dirty products. With insufficient processing of vegetables or fruits, you can become infected with giardiasis. Particular attention should be paid to products in contact with soil.

Flies are active carriers of cysts. Infection from pets is also possible. Moreover, the animals themselves do not get sick, but only are carriers of cysts.

Diagnosis of giardiasis in an adult

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It is very difficult to detect the presence of parasites in stool or blood with standard diagnostic methods. Therefore, there is an already established scheme for carrying out diagnostic measures, with the help of which giardiasis disease in adults is effectively detected, treatment is selected:

  • at the first stage, the upper intestine is examined using a probe, the contents of the stomach are also studied
  • in parallel with the first stage, feces are analyzed, cysts should be found in it. Since with giardiasis there is an incubation period in which the analysis will be clean, this diagnosis is carried out four times with an interval of one week;
  • one of the most modern methods is intertest. The essence of this method is that the patient swallows a gelatin capsule with a nylon thread. After cleansing the intestines, parasites are found on the threads in a sick person.

Stages of treatment of giardiasis in an adult

Treatment in adults is more aggressive compared to the destruction of this disease in children.

The methods of therapy depend on the form of manifestation of the disease, the severity of the patient's condition and his individual reactions to medications.

How to treat the presence of lamblia in adults should be prescribed only by a qualified attending physician. In the classical treatment regimen, three main stages can be distinguished. To begin with, the body is prepared. Since anti-lambliasis drugs are quite strong and have their own specificity of reception, at first the patient undergoes intoxication and restoration of the patient's metabolism.

The preparatory stage continues until the body is completely cleansed. The patient follows a diet, takes drugs that restore the functions of the liver and gallbladder. If the preparatory stage is carried out correctly, possible complications are minimized. Its duration is about one month. But time can deviate both upward and downward. It all depends on the general intoxication of the patient.

At the second stage, antiparasitic drugs are actively used. During this period, it is important to achieve complete destruction of the parasites that have taken over the body. Specific drugs differ in different active ingredients.

The third, final stage of therapy is to increase immunity. The drugs used to treat giardiasis are very strong, their use does not pass without leaving a trace for the patient. In addition, one cannot but take into account the harm that parasites have done to the body with their vital activity.

Now it is important to restore immune strength. As in the first stage, the patient must follow a diet, take probiotics to restore normal functioning of the digestive tract, antihistamines. With the right approach, you can completely cure giardiasis in an adult.

Features of the stages in chronic disease

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In the case when the patient did not seek help in a timely manner, the transition of the disease from the acute phase to a protracted chronic one is possible. This course of the disease is more complex and much more difficult to stabilize. In this case, the therapy regimen does not change. All the same three stages are carried out.

However, the patient's nutritional system is being seriously revised. All simple carbohydrates should be completely abandoned. Flour and dairy products should also be consumed in small quantities. It is best to pay attention to vegetables and fruits in boiled and baked form. Particular attention should be paid to the drinking regime. With normal kidney function, you need to drink more fluids to quickly eliminate toxins.

In addition to nutrition, the patient must take choleretic agents, enzymes (improving digestion), sorbents. A distinctive feature of the chronic course of the disease is a longer preparatory period. It may also take longer for the body to recover.

Drugs used in the treatment of giardiasis

All drugs aimed at destroying lamblia can be roughly divided into three groups.

The first group includes nitroimidazole drugs. Some of them are no longer prescribed, as their low effectiveness has been proven (metronidazole).

The second group includes nitrovuran preparations. Among them, there are also drugs that are no longer used (furazolidone) due to frequent adverse reactions.

And in the third group is benzimidazole (albendazole). All these drugs have different forms of release and different amounts of active substance. It should be noted that Giardia is very resistant to any drugs, therefore, most often two approaches of drug use are used for adults. The interval between courses is 7-10 days.

The selection of a medicine is carried out only by a specialist who takes into account the individual characteristics of the body, probable contraindications. Both the drug and its dosage are selected strictly individually. Together with the main medicine, the patient must take antihistamines and sorbents.

You cannot take the drugs yourself. Constant medical supervision is necessary. The doctor who deals with this problem is an infectious disease specialist. It is also necessary to contact him first of all.

In addition to the basic methods, you can use traditional medicine, but again, only after consulting your doctor.

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