Giardiasis In Children: Diagnosis And Treatment Methods, Anthelmintic Drug, Prevention

Table of contents:

Giardiasis In Children: Diagnosis And Treatment Methods, Anthelmintic Drug, Prevention
Giardiasis In Children: Diagnosis And Treatment Methods, Anthelmintic Drug, Prevention

Video: Giardiasis In Children: Diagnosis And Treatment Methods, Anthelmintic Drug, Prevention

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: Giardiasis 2023, February
Anonim

Last updated 10 February 2018 at 12:25

Reading time: 6 minutes

Most people think that Giardia is the same as worms. In fact, these are different parasites, although the infection also belongs to the intestinal class.

Thanks to the latter, it moves, with the help of a disk it is attached to the walls. It cannot be attributed to helminths, since the creature is single-celled. A kind of transitional element between bacteria and multicellular organisms. Optimal conditions are required for their existence.

Content

  • 1 Types of lamblia
  • 2 Where do they live?
  • 3 How does the infection occur?
  • 4 Development cycle
  • 5 How to identify the disease?
  • 6 Phases of giardiasis
  • 7 Diagnostics
  • 8 Drug therapy
  • 9 Folk remedies
  • 10 Measures to prevent giardiasis

    10.1 Similar articles

Types of lamblia

Image
Image

Organisms exist in two states. Vegetative bacteria are called pear-shaped, the front part is rounded, and the back with a sharp end. It is about 1 millimeter long. This form is also called mobile.

Under unfavorable conditions, when harmful agents get from the small intestine to the large intestine, they are formed into cysts. Cysts are also no more than 1 millimeter, oval-shaped. Their main difference is they are not devoid of activity. The latter play a colossal role in the development of protozoa.

Cysts are excreted by feces, entering the environment and retain their form of life. They pose a threat to people and animals around them. They live up to 40 days, they are not afraid of the cold and the scorching sun. They are able to live in very cold water for a day, and under the rays of the sun it is more than a week. A special shell protects and protects against destructive factors.

Where do they live?

Image
Image

The main places where dangerous bacteria lie in wait for the baby:

  • reservoirs and lakes with dirty water;
  • children's sandboxes;
  • animals;
  • contaminated dishes and appliances;

How does the infection take place?

Image
Image

The main sources of infection are discussed above, while infection occurs mainly through contact and everyday life. For example, after playing with a child who has lamblia, the baby also becomes infected. Through dishes, towels, toys. The bad habit of chewing markers and pencils also contributes to this. It is necessary to instill hygiene rules in children from early childhood.

You can catch a microbe by swimming in a polluted reservoir. Having swallowed dirty water, children cling to cysts. They live only in fresh water springs and do not live in the seas and oceans. You can not drink untreated tap water, cleaning and boiling will save you from illness. For foodborne infections, it is enough to eat unwashed fruit or vegetables. Rinse them in running water. Long-term heat treatment is used for meat, poultry and fish.

The increased development of protozoa is facilitated by the excessive consumption of sweets and carbohydrates. Protein and plant foods slow down the reproduction of parasites. Cysts are carried by flies or pets. There is also a high chance of getting infected during childbirth. If there are patients in the family there is a risk of infection for other family members.

Development cycle

Image
Image

Once in the child's body, the parasite begins to actively multiply. About 900 million cysts are released per day, leaving with feces. In the stomach, they fold off the membrane and pass into the small intestine. While developing, they move to the adult stage and are attached to the walls of the abdominal cavity, sucking nutrients from the body. Produced simply by division.

Some protozoa remain in the thin section of the cavity, while others pass into the large intestine. Here it is again transformed into a stationary form, come out during natural emptying. In the external environment, it is as if preserved for 40 days.

How to identify the disease?

Image
Image

The presence of infectious agents is bad for the child's body. Giardiasis in a small child is characterized by:

  • temperature 37-35 degrees;
  • general weakness and fatigue;
  • impaired coordination of attention and motor skills;
  • decreased immunity;
  • skin rashes and allergies;
  • bad breath;
  • enlarged lymph nodes;
  • disorder of the digestive system;
  • painful sensations on palpation;
  • nausea and vomiting;
  • gritting teeth, poor sleep.

Phases of giardiasis

Image
Image

The disease is divided into different degrees. Under the ingress of a large number of microorganisms, an acute course of the disease develops. It can be recognized by a high temperature up to 39 degrees, severe nausea and vomiting. The kid may refuse food altogether. Rashes appear on the body, similar to rubella. This course is typical in very young children up to 3 years old. Associated with an underdeveloped immune system.

Untimely detection leads to the development of a chronic stage. The result of the activity of bacteria is extensive intoxication and the development of vitamin deficiency. Signs become erased, intermittent pains in the gastrointestinal tract appear, weight decreases. Pallor of the integument of the skin, the tongue becomes yellow.

Diagnostics

The presence of lamblia in children will be indicated by tests. For examination, scatological examination of feces is done. The material is examined under a microscope in order to detect agents. The method is not 100% effective because sometimes it is not possible to identify individuals.

The serological method consists in taking the blood of an infected person for the presence of antibodies. Produced due to the presence of pathogens. Shows the result for the first month. The chronic phase will not be found. Duodenal research.

The technique is complex, it involves the introduction of a probe, therefore, it is not performed in very small ones. Bile is taken from the patient, as a rule, traces of creatures are always found here. Biopsy of the small intestine, take the epithelium for examination.

Drug therapy

Image
Image

If the diagnosis has been confirmed, it is required to start treatment immediately. The specialist will select the right drugs and prescribe a comprehensive therapy. First of all, the diet is prescribed in advance, about 2 weeks in advance. Sweets are excluded, all foods rich in carbohydrates, baked goods, carbonated drinks. Fried fatty meat and fish, strong broths, smoked meats are also prohibited. But berries, fruits, vegetables, various cereals, on the contrary, will be useful.

In the second degree, mainstream medicine is performed. Metronidazole, Ornidazole, Macmiror, Tinidazole contain a wide anti-parasitic spectrum of influence. All of them cause a blockage of the lamblia body and promote excretion naturally. The antiglust technique is prescribed for no more than 10 days. Macmiror is given 7 or 10 days once, 2 times a day.

The funds have side effects and long-term use is bad for the well-being of the child. The infected person's condition worsens after 5 days of taking the pills. Do not be afraid, the decay products of cysts poison the body with toxic substances. Antihistamines and laxatives can help reduce symptoms. Further restoration of the intestines. To establish the work of digestion and to put in order the areas affected by pathogens, to eliminate dysbiosis. All will be done by enzyme preparations. Laktofiltrum, Acipol and others. The course is 3 weeks on a tablet 3 times a day one hour before meals.

At the last stage, the diet is executed. Consists of boiled meat, fish, poultry, fermented milk. Kefir, sour cream, yogurt serve as natural restorers of the stomach environment. With dysbiosis, sour berries, cranberry fruit drinks, lingonberries are useful. They will quickly restore the deficiency of vitamins, give a charge of vivacity and energy, you need to drink as much as possible. Sugar, flour, sweets are not allowed. In addition, the doctor will prescribe herbal decoctions with choleretic and antibacterial properties.

Folk remedies

Image
Image

Natural foods and herbs can improve the patient's condition. However, it is worth remembering that only as an auxiliary weapon in the fight against an illness. Cucumber tincture, requires cucumber seeds. Take from overripe vegetables. The pulp and seeds are crushed, you can in a blender. Pour one and a half liters of boiling water, leave for 2 hours. Filter the tincture, through cheesecloth, give as a drink for the whole day.

Dandelion roots are also good, sold in a pharmacy. Pour 2 tablespoons of roots with water, half a liter. Put on fire, cook for 15 minutes on a small flame. Cool, strain through cheesecloth or filter. It should be consumed 2 times a day. In the morning and in the evening, 1 teaspoon per 10 kg of body weight, for 10 days.

Aspen broth. The tree has long been known for its antimicrobial properties. 1 spoon of the drug will go to the roots, buds and bark, place in a saucepan and fill 1 liter with water. Bring to a low boil, keep on fire for half an hour. Strain the resulting liquid, drink 1 cup per day, for 10 days.

Solid oil compresses. Soak a towel in hot water and place it on the liver area for no longer than 15 minutes. Then wipe off the skin, put a plain sheet of white paper, and white grease on top. Cover with foil, a cut-up plastic bag will do. It is better to do the procedure in the evening and leave it overnight. In the morning, wash off the lubricant and apply any cream. It is worth repeating every evening for two weeks.

Tincture of celandine. The herb is for many diseases, and this one is no exception. Take 1 tablespoon of the plant and pour 200 ml of boiling water over it. We brew for 2 hours, filter. 1 spoonful of broth before meals. Only need to be stored in the refrigerator. The therapy is carried out no more than 5 days, then a break of 2 days.

Measures to prevent giardiasis

Image
Image

After the tests have been passed and the treatment has been carried out. The patient is still under medical examination for at least six months. It is better when households also undergo medical therapy. This reduces the risk of recurrence to zero. In order not to get sick in the future, stick to the rules.

  1. be sure to boil water;
  2. do not drink tap water or other sources;
  3. try not to swim in polluted places;
  4. how to rinse vegetables, fruits;
  5. wash hands with soap and water before eating, especially after playing with pets and visiting the street;

Treatment of child care facilities is needed to exclude an epidemic in crumbs.

Popular by topic