Giardiasis Symptoms - Methods For Treating Giardiasis Drugs

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Giardiasis Symptoms - Methods For Treating Giardiasis Drugs
Giardiasis Symptoms - Methods For Treating Giardiasis Drugs

Video: Giardiasis Symptoms - Methods For Treating Giardiasis Drugs

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Video: Giardiasis - Giardia Lamblia 2023, February
Anonim

Last updated 3 July 2017 at 02:07 PM

Reading time: 5 min

Giardiasis (giardiosis) - This human infection is becoming more common. The causative agent lamblia (giardia) is a single-celled microparasite that has managed to populate adults and children around the world.

With a significant degree of resistance of adults to the manifestations of such infection, and their asymptomaticity, most scientists are convinced that the number of Giardia carriers in the human population is much ahead of official statistics.

Infection, according to the course, is mild and severe, acute and chronic, subclinical and asymptomatic forms are possible, which determine the treatment. Often, the pathogen carrier does not get sick, but has the potential to spread the infection, acting as a transport container for the parasites as the disease spreads.

Content

  • 1 The causative agent of giardiasis
  • 2 Classification
  • 3 Clinical giardiasis
  • 4 Scientific research
  • 5 Intestinal giardiasis
  • 6 Hepatobiliary form
  • 7 Symptoms of toxic-allergic giardiasis
  • 8 Signs of asthenoneurotic giardiasis
  • 9 Acute manifest giardiasis
  • 10 Chronic giardiasis
  • 11 Giardiasis in women
  • 12 Symptoms of giardiasis in women
  • 13 Neurological symptoms

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The causative agent of giardiasis

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The causative agent of giardiasis survives in two ways - in the form of trophozoid and cysts.

The former can multiply rapidly, triggering symptoms that are alarming for giardiasis.

The second are those ovoid roundness in which immature lamblia find peace and protection under aggressive pressure.

Infection with giardiasis mainly occurs fecal-oral. The cysts in the faeces of humans and animals are carried out. Showing amazing vitality, cysts in water bodies persist for several months, endure both freezing and heating up to 50 ° C. But they die in boiling water. Therefore, the infection can be obtained by drinking tap water, washing fruits and vegetables with untreated water.

In the summer, infections are common in infected water bodies. They are infrequently infected by household contact, but it is better to observe hygiene to eliminate any risk. This will affect the treatment of the infected family member.

Classification

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The central manifestations of the intestinal form of giardiosis are:

  • vague pain on the right in the epigastric region;
  • excruciating sensations in the navel;
  • incoherent with food intake;
  • painful bouts of nausea and vomiting;
  • flatulence, poor appetite;
  • fever with mild fever, belching;
  • steatorrhea (fatty stool, usually with enteritis);
  • heartburn;
  • rubella-like or measles-like rash;
  • anorexia, diarrhea (sometimes frothy).

Hepatobiliary form

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Traditionally, it manifests itself as cholecystitis. Gastritis, gastroduodenitis, pancreatitis often join. With giardiasis of this type, the main signs of infection are: pain in the right hypochondrium, a feeling of bitterness in the mouth, pain on palpation of the gallbladder region, slight jaundice and itching.

Hepatic giardiasis is the most dangerous type of lesion by lamblia of the human body. Pathogens rarely reach the gallbladder, but the destruction of its tissue leads to very serious results. Reproduction of parasites triggers liver abscess, and can provoke cirrhosis.

Symptoms of toxic-allergic giardiasis

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The toxic-allergic type of the disease is characterized by an increased frequency of allergies (urticaria, Quincke's edema).

Doctors highlight the severity of a prolonged allergy in this type of pathology. He does not respond well to medication. It is often accompanied by the development of atopic dermatitis with a continuously recurrent course. Joints may be affected.

Signs of asthenoneurotic giardiasis

With this type of symptoms from the gastrointestinal tract, there are no or they are insignificant.

Therefore, the most important are: headache, nervous disorders, nervousness, weakness. Insomnia, manifestations of neurocirculatory dystonia also indicate that this is asthenoneurotic giardiasis.

Acute manifest giardiasis

This form, in a complex of signs, is distinguished by a painful feeling around the navel, the right hypochondrium may hurt, along with the phenomena of dyspepsia - vomiting, belching, bloated stomach, loss of appetite, etc.

Painful sensations do not depend on the meal, they constantly torment with a aching character, sometimes reaching acute attacks. Diarrhea with frequent bowel movements is possible, up to five times a day.

Diarrhea is often followed by constipation. From loose and frothy stools over time, it reaches oily and semi-shaped. The duration of the acute stage does not exceed a week, after which the patient recovers or receives a chronic or subacute form.

Chronic giardiasis

The advanced forms of giardiasis are usually found in mature people and school-age children. Chronic giardiasis is characterized by a recurrent course.

Giardiasis has the following symptoms:

  • poor health (loss of strength, headaches, pathological thinness, malnutrition, physical retardation in adolescents);
  • dysfunction of the gastrointestinal tract (irregular stool, aching abdominal pain, bouts of nausea, loss of appetite);
  • cholecystitis and colitis;
  • coated tongue;
  • uneven skin color (with constipation);
  • "Marble nose" (contrasting pallor of the nose);
  • allergic signs of giardiasis (itching of the skin, urticaria);
  • symptoms of bronchial asthma and arthritis.

Giardiasis in women

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If a mature man can be a carrier of lamblia without feeling particularly any specific processes, lamblia in pregnant women can easily become the causative agent of a very dangerous disease, even if it does not visibly affect physiological comfort. Therefore, it is necessary to understand giardiasis, what signs indicate this invasion in women, what pathological changes it leads to during pregnancy.

Microparasites usually enter the vagina from unprotected intercourse. During pregnancy, a global hormonal change begins.

Therefore, doctors strongly recommend to all expectant mothers to strictly follow the requirements of the rules of personal hygiene, to refuse swimming in stagnant reservoirs and public pools, which have the highest invasiveness by unicellular microparasites, while carrying a baby.

Symptoms of giardiasis in women

In order to have time to effectively respond and apply all the techniques that preserve their own health and the health of the baby, we will study the features of female giardiasis.

At the first stages of infection, during the incubation period and even during the acute period of giardiasis in women, the invasion is not manifested by any obvious signals. The first symptoms traditionally appear only when the number of the pathogen in the small intestine increases markedly (the density of the colony can reach up to one million parasites in one square centimeter of the mucous membrane).

A woman may complain:

  • diarrhea (loose stools without bloody impurities);
  • a slight heat around 37 degrees;
  • for skin symptoms (itchy rash, urticaria, neurodermatitis);
  • general malaise (fatigue, weakness, sleep disturbance, lack of appetite);
  • itching in the vagina.

Neurological symptoms

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Chronic giardiosis in pregnant women is often accompanied by neurological symptoms (headache, slight dizziness, nausea and vomitus), as well as signs of general intoxication.

Treatment for giardiasis cannot be quick. The destruction of all giardia, amounting to several million in the average adult patient, will require several courses of drug therapy. How to treat giardiasis in a particular patient is best determined by a specialist during examination.

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