Worms In Humans - Signs Of The Presence Of Worms In The Body

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Worms In Humans - Signs Of The Presence Of Worms In The Body
Worms In Humans - Signs Of The Presence Of Worms In The Body

Video: Worms In Humans - Signs Of The Presence Of Worms In The Body

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Video: Don't Ignore These Early Symptoms of Parasites In Your Body 2023, February
Anonim

Last updated 22 February 2019 at 17:42

Reading time: 5 min

Parasites are very common and easily detectable in most people with a routine medical examination.

Experts know many ways and techniques on how to identify and diagnose worms in the body of a child and an adult. At the present stage of the development of medicine, this is quite easy. In addition, many helminths can reveal themselves on their own, getting out into the external environment. This process usually occurs when the female reproduces and lays eggs.

Content

  • 1 Types of worms in humans
  • 2 Infection with worms
  • 3 Worms in an adult, their signs and symptoms
  • 4 Signs of worms in children
  • 5 Tests for various worms
  • 6 Worms: treatment in adults and children

    6.1 Similar articles

Types of worms in humans

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Recognition of representatives of helminths occurs on the basis of common characteristic features and forms of behavior, life cycle and developmental characteristics. It also takes into account how worms appear in a person, how much they live in the body and what diseases provoke.

Doctors can detect the presence of worms in the body of the following types:

  • nematode, round worm. The life cycle does not exceed 40 years; it parasitizes in the intestines. They can affect the respiratory system, stomach. Representatives: pinworms, roundworms, whipworms;
  • tape parasites. They can live in the intestines and migrate throughout the body for about 20 years. Large sizes reach 8-10 meters. Bovine, pork tapeworm specimens, tapeworms;
  • flukes, trematodes. They are manifested both in the internal organs and in the subcutaneous integuments. Moves through all organs and can become life-threatening.

And each of them poses a huge threat to the health and full functioning of the body:

  • ascaris. Causes: appendicitis, jaundice, inflammation of the bile ducts;
  • pinworm. Complications: gastritis, allergic reactions, nervous disorders;
  • whipworm. Dysentery, rectal prolapse is observed;
  • toxocara. Decreased vision, bronchitis, necrosis of the pancreas, liver, kidneys, disruption of the brain;
  • echinococcus. The parasite is dangerous with anaphylactic shock, urticaria, enlarged liver, the appearance of cysts, and death;
  • trichinella. Causes the formation of infiltration, affects the heart, brain;
  • lamblia. Consequences: anemia, gastritis, Quincke's edema, pancreatitis;
  • hookworms. Cause bowel dysfunction;
  • the tapeworm is wide. Promotes anemia, hypovitaminosis, intestinal tissue necrosis, spinal cord injury;
  • filarias. Diseases: conjunctivitis, lymphadenitis, asthma, abscesses;

    pulmonary flukes. Provoke enteritis, bronchitis, fever, meningitis, tachycardia.

These are just a few of the representatives whose presence you can often hear about. There are less harmful worms, but still dangerous. Therefore, it becomes necessary to study them within the laboratory.

Worm infestation

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It is not difficult for parasites to penetrate the human body. It is impossible to recognize or identify them in the external environment, as they are often in the stage of small larvae or microscopic eggs.

There are certain ways and routes of infection:

  • reservoirs. In most representatives, larvae spend intermediate stages of their life cycle in both fresh and salt water. Sometimes in intermediate hosts. They can be fish, shellfish;
  • wet sand or soil. Together with feces, mainly eggs, are taken out for further development or search for a temporary carrier;
  • dirty unprocessed vegetables, berries, fruits, herbs. From the soil, future helminths penetrate the surface of the products;
  • raw, poorly processed meat. Many animals are carriers;

    insects. Flies, beetles, ants carry eggs with their paws;

  • dusty rooms. Infection occurs through the respiratory system;

    contact with the patient. It is impossible to determine that a person has worms at an early stage. Therefore, even an ordinary handshake or the use of one thing can cause worms to enter your body;

  • animals: homeless and pets. Temporary media.

Even a regular trip with a child for a walk or shopping in a store, calling the elevator or dirty handrails can cause worms to appear. To prevent this, it is necessary to follow basic simple rules of personal hygiene, regularly carry out wet cleaning at home and ventilate the room where the workplace is located.

Worms in an adult, their signs and symptoms

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A single sign alone will not help establish for sure whether a person has a helminthic invasion.

For this, there are general symptoms characteristic of a person for worms and how to determine them:

  • decreased or increased appetite;
  • nervousness, fear, excitement. Fatigue, weakness is possible;
  • snoring, shortness of breath during sleep;
  • diarrhea or constipation;
  • flatulence;
  • migraines, dizziness;
  • swelling of the limbs;
  • itching in the anus;
  • temperature increase;
  • blood pressure surges;
  • rashes on the skin, redness;
  • vomiting, nausea;
  • pain in the stomach;
  • fragility of hair, nails.

And these are just a few ways how to find out if an adult has worms. These signs are typical for other diseases. Therefore, only a properly conducted examination will give an accurate result.

Signs of worms in children

If worms appear in babies, then they need to be identified immediately in order to start urgent treatment. Much heavier and more dangerous worms show their symptoms in young children and newborns.

Not yet having sufficient immunity and protective protein cells, babies are often subject to more complex consequences of finding parasites in the body:

  • bowel disorder, dysbiosis;
  • bloating, flatulence;
  • dermatitis, urticaria;
  • involuntary urination or urinary incontinence;
  • respiratory tract diseases. Bronchitis, pneumonia, asthma;
  • girls have inflammation of the genital external and internal organs
  • vomiting, nausea;
  • itching and burning near the anus;
  • severe aching abdominal pain and colic;
  • lack of sleep;
  • nervousness,
  • in newborns, death or developmental delay is possible.

It is quite difficult to determine the worms on their own, and how to find out about them, many parents do not think. Self-medicating their children, they provoke the spread of parasites in the body of babies. The consequences in such cases are unpredictable.

Tests for various worms

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Only specially developed research methods will help to accurately determine the presence of worms in adults and children.

They are prescribed by a doctor depending on the symptoms and signs of the manifestation of parasites:

  • scraping. The most traditional and easiest way. It is taking a smear from the anus for the presence of a worm egg;
  • stool analysis. Proven, but ineffective. Not all helminths are found in secretions;
  • chemical general blood test. Determines only the inflammatory process in terms of the lowered hemoglobin level. Leukocytes are also taken into account;
  • CPR diagnostics. The DNA material of the parasite found in the blood is studied in comparison with the available samples. The exact type of research. Shows the class of the helminth, the number of individuals;
  • linked immunosorbent assay. The patient's blood is also examined. The detected IgM antibody sample, IgG, makes it clear that the worms have caused a protective reaction from the immune system.

Additionally, ultrasound, X-ray and tomography are prescribed. The need to pass them is associated with the migration of parasites through the organs and the frequent change in their localization. Use a biopsy or probing method to collect material from affected organs. Diagnostics depends on the class of the helminth, the effect on the organs.

Worms: treatment in an adult and children

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People should understand that in most cases, treatment of diseases caused by helminthiases is not an easy process. The larvae and eggs of not all parasites can be removed in one course of treatment. Often, patients are required to be registered with dispensaries and be tested regularly.

It is necessary to listen to the advice and recommendations of the doctor.

Basically, drugs of a wide spectrum of action are prescribed:

  • Pirantel;
  • "Nemozol";
  • Mebendazole;
  • "Nourished";
  • Akrikhin;
  • "Mepacrine";
  • "Fenasal";
  • "Biltricide";
  • Perchlorethylene;
  • Albendazole;
  • Zentel;
  • "Medamin".

Take drugs with extreme caution in young children and newborns. The strong composition of medicinal anthelmintics is not always suitable for weak immunity.

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