Table of contents:
- The role of bilirubin in the blood, its types and norm
- How is elevated bilirubin treated?
- Diet with elevated bilirubin
- How to lower the level of bilirubin in the blood
Video: Increased Bilirubin! How To Lower This Pigment In The Blood? The Answer Is Simple
Last updated 4 June 2020 at 11:32 pm
Reading time: 6 minutes
The article will tell you about what bilirubin is and will tell you about the reasons for its decrease and increase. Consider the rate of pigment in the blood, as well as traditional and official methods of treatment, prevention.
- 1 The role of bilirubin in the blood, its types and norm
- 2 How is elevated bilirubin treated?
- 3 Diet with elevated bilirubin
4 How to lower the level of bilirubin in the blood
- 4.1 Prevention
- 4.2 Video on the topic: Increased levels of bilirubin in the blood
- 4.3 Similar articles
The role of bilirubin in the blood, its types and norm
It shows the health status of a person. Analyzes are prescribed in the case when it is necessary to understand how sick the liver is, because it is she who purifies the blood from toxins, and bilirubin is precisely this toxin (processed hemoglobin).
Bilirubin is a pigment that is formed by the breakdown of red blood cells in the blood, which helps the production of hemoglobin. So it turns out that it is quite toxic, and it should be excreted from the liver quickly, but if the work of the organ is disrupted, it rises and leads to jaundice.
It is worth reducing bilirubin only when it increases, since toxicity is dangerous for the tissues of internal organs.
Types of bilirubin and norm
- direct (connected) - safe and non-toxic, a large amount in the body decreases rapidly, and the rate of indicators is from 1.8 to 5.2 μmol / l;
- indirect (free) - unlike the first, it is insoluble in water and toxic, it is collected in fat cells, reduces hemoglobin. Dangerous for the human body, disrupts the functioning of liver cells, and in the absence of intervention, destroys them. The normal composition of this type is from 3.5 to 12 μmol / l.
Normal liver function makes it easy to remove pigment from the body, with pathologies, jaundice may appear. In newborns, the disease is often common, and usually will go away after a month, when jaundice is noticed, the child should be kept under the supervision of doctors.
Research is carried out at:
- comprehensive examination of the body;
- taking medications that affect the liver;
- drug addiction;
- cirrhosis, hepatitis;
- Gilbert's syndrome;
- diseases that provoke the breakdown of erythrocytes;
- assessing the severity of poisoning.
The tests are taken from the elbow, but if it is a child, then they are taken from the heel or vein on the head, then the results are compared with the norm, and conclusions are drawn. Adults take tests on an empty stomach, per day, excluding alcohol and fats, caffeine, but there are no conditions for children.
The free Ornament app helps you keep track of your bilirubin and other metrics. To
do this, you need to upload the analysis results to Ornament by simply photographing the form or by choosing a
Download Ornament app for free: Google Play Market and App Store (LINK).
How is elevated bilirubin treated?
Do you feel good about your own body? Take a closer look, if you feel the following symptoms, you should seriously tackle the problem:
- a sharp appearance of wrinkles between the eyebrows above the nose;
- dark spots on the face or temples;
- a feeling of greasy on the forehead;
- bald or gray hair in the center of the head;
- dropped vision;
- sore throat or gums for no apparent reason.
All these manifestations may indicate that bilirubin is poorly excreted, and require an immediate visit to the doctor. So you saw that it was increased. Unbound bilirubin can be a manifestation of liver failure. An increase in direct pigment may indicate problems with the biliary tract, impaired outflow of bile.
The first results will show a value in the amount, which is impossible to guess. It is important here whether you are aware of your disease, in which the pigment is increased, or not. Is this your first time? Then do not try to lower the bilirubin in the blood on your own, thus avoiding bad consequences. It is better in this case to talk to your doctor for an in-depth study.
Another case, when you are aware of your illness, in which the pigment rises, in this case you should:
- start taking medications for your disease;
- take hepatrin to normalize liver function;
Remove alcohol, use choleretic agents. Due to intoxication, the cardiovascular system, brain, kidneys will be hit. Death is possible.
The reasons for the increase in bilirubin:
- accelerated decay of blood cells;
- cirrhosis of the liver;
- stones in the gallbladder;
- problems with the outflow of bile;
- parasite infections;
- liver cholestasis;
- malignant formation in the liver;
- inflammatory liver damage.
- viral, chronic, bacterial hepatitis;
- calculi in the gallbladder;
- Rotor and Dabin-Johnson syndrome;
- malignant neoplasms of the pancreas, liver, gallbladder;
- a consequence of the prima of hormonal drugs that caused hepatitis.
Increasing the indirect:
- Gilbert, Lucy-Driscola, Crigler-Nayyard syndromes;
- typhoid fever;
- hemolytic anemias of hereditary or autoimmune origin caused by intoxication.
Diet with elevated bilirubin
Proper nutrition plays an important role in the treatment of this pathology. After all, the liver and gall bladders remove harmful substances that enter our body through food. We offer to ease the work of your liver, and exclude some dishes. A diet with an increase in bilirubin is allowed, limited and prohibited.
Foods to be excluded entirely:
- yeast products, even those with baking powder;
- semi-finished meat products;
- pork and lamb;
- fried food;
- store sauces;
- alcohol, in any form;
- natural vegetables with high acidity;
- any conservation.
The enemies of the liver are fat and acids. Limit salt, spices, and herbs to moderate amounts. Sweets, especially store sweets, should also be rarely consumed.
- eat only homemade food, boiled, stewed or baked;
- drink clean water and herbal teas;
- eat five times a day and little by little (if it doesn't work out, stick to at least three);
- Diversify your diet: soups, cereals, casseroles, etc.
Reducing bilirubin at home is not difficult, but it is better when you keep it in the norm. Just eat a healthy diet, don't go to bed with a full stomach, and cut out alcohol, artificial additives and food coloring. Get a complete medical examination once a year.
How to lower the level of bilirubin in the blood
First of all, you should contact your doctor, but if there is no such possibility yet, you can resort to other options, proper nutrition and folk methods. This will be a temporary solution, but examination by specialists should not be postponed indefinitely.
A decrease in bilirubin in the blood with the help of drugs can both improve your condition and harm, and here you should, again, contact your doctor. If you know your disease, then choleretic drugs will help you in violation of the outflow of bile (bilirubin output).
An increase in indicators may be associated with an infection in the body and the subsequent inflammatory process; antiviral and anti-inflammatory drugs are involved in combating such manifestations. In pharmacies, pharmacists can advise and suggest some medications.
During periods of increase, it is often the liver that suffers, so drugs such as hepatoprotectors can normalize the functioning of the organ, which will cause a decrease in bilirubin. But if a person has hepatitis, then it is worth talking to a doctor, as taking such medications can lead to cirrhosis.
We will not bypass antioxidants and sorbents, which help not only to lower bilirubin, but also to improve its excretion from the body. If the intoxication has gone far, intravenous drugs may be needed.
How to lower bilirubin in the blood through nutrition? Quite simply, these products include:
- oatmeal, buckwheat, rice;
- milk products;
- lean meat;
- eggs (protein);
- vegetable soups;
- herbal teas, but not black.
You may have wondered: how to lower bilirubin with folk remedies? We hasten to inform you that such a technique is unreliable and not scientifically proven, it can help some, but not others. This approach may work as a mindset (placebo), but the chances are very slim.
It is believed that such gifts of nature: oak bark, rose hips, chamomile and St. John's wort are able to remove pigment, they need to be used as a decoction (all together) regularly, twice a day, 30 minutes before meals. Beet juice or calendula can help. Take in the same way, half a cup (glass).
You already know how to lower bilirubin, but most importantly, maintain the norm, and the following tips will help with this:
- observe a healthy diet and remove junk food from the diet, eat vegetables, fruits and herbs regularly, especially in the morning;
- give up alcohol, dyes and artificial additives in food;
- undergo a medical examination once a year for the timely diagnosis of possible diseases;
- sports will strengthen the body and reduce stress;
- do not neglect personal hygiene.