Banks For Analysis, Container For Urine And Feces Analysis - Types, Prices

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Banks For Analysis, Container For Urine And Feces Analysis - Types, Prices
Banks For Analysis, Container For Urine And Feces Analysis - Types, Prices

Video: Banks For Analysis, Container For Urine And Feces Analysis - Types, Prices

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Video: How to Collect a Feces (Stool) Sample 2023, February
Anonim

Last updated 15 September 2019 at 22:15

Reading time: 6 minutes

Special containers for storing biological material. In this article, we will learn what a urine sample container and a feces container are. We will tell you how to store and transport correctly, when to take it and, most importantly, how exactly this is done.

Content

  • 1 What does the test container consist of?
  • 2 What are the containers for feces and urine?
  • 3 How to collect and store urine
  • 4 How to collect and store feces

    • 4.1 Where are the tests done, and what is done with them
    • 4.2 How much does a test jar cost?
    • 4.3 Similar articles

What does the test container consist of?

As a rule, they are made of polypropylene or polystyrene, the products are quite durable and can withstand low temperatures. They always have special covers that prevent the contents from leaking and prevent the ingress of air or other organisms.

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Before being sold to the buyer, the container for delivery of analyzes is carried out through chemical sterilization and put into a unique package. The containers are used to collect samples that need to be kept in a sterile place. Some jars for urine analysis are suitable for storing it only for twelve hours after collection, they have not been sterilized, and are suitable for daily analysis.

What are the containers for feces and urine?

Jars for urine delivered to the laboratory are called containers, and they are selected depending on the study. These can be glass jars with a lid, pharmacy or special. In the case of glass (small household jars), they must be sterilized.

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The urine collection container is divided into four options:

  • a glass with a threaded lid - plastic and sealed, transparent with a wide neck and narrow base, have a scale of about 60-250 ml. No need to rinse or wash again, suitable for urine, mucus or phlegm;
  • container with a test tube - durable plastic with a label and graduation, the lid has a built-in holder to avoid body contact with urine. There is a hole with specials. a vacuum needle with a sticker. The volume is approximately 20 to 100 ml.

    The urine jar contains a predetermined vacuum level, is sterile inside, and comes with preservatives such as boric acid or without it. Storage of biomaterial is possible for half a day. The presence of boric acid will delay the growth of bacteria for a day;

  • a daily jar for urine tests - has a volume of two to three liters, visually looks like a cylinder with a corrugated handle, is sealed, with a plug and a lid, there is a graduation. Any data is entered on the label;
  • pouch for babies - used for babies, made of polyethylene, it is fixed on the genitals of the child and is taken without loss of urine, the volume of such bags is 100-200 ml. The thing is sterile and disposable, packed in a bag. There are universal and specific options (for a girl or a boy).

Capacity for stool analysis: made of the same material as for urine, the volume of such jars is from 30 to 60 ml, and also depends on the type of study. The only difference is a stool test jar with a spoon or stick.

Such containers for analyzes have a spoon or stick attached to the bottom of the lid for more convenient collection of biomaterial. The lids of such products are sealed and will not allow other bacteria to get inside. These containers hold an average of about 9 grams of material and have stickers for writing. Will not cause inconvenience to others, and can easily be transferred to the laboratory on their own. Observing all storage conditions, biomaterial can be stored for five years. You can use non-sterile containers, but then the test results may not be accurate.

How to collect and store urine

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The doctor can tell you how and when to fill the container for analysis, or the instructions attached to the package. There are also general rules:

  • must pass urine in the morning;
  • wash your penis and urinate into the toilet for four seconds, then bring the container and fill it just over half;
  • when you fill the jar to the required volume, flush the rest of the urine into the toilet;
  • close tightly with a lid or stopper, include your details on the label and send to the laboratory.

24 hours before the delivery of urine, food that can affect the color of urine is excluded, after negotiations with a doctor, diuretics can be canceled.

At room temperature, urine is stored for up to eight hours, if this option is not possible, place it in the refrigerator at t ° + 4 / + 8 degrees.

In a child: they take an analysis using a special bag, and then poured into a container.

In sick people and those who have problems with the genitourinary system: if a person is not able to independently pass the test, being bedridden, use a bedside urine collection bag. The introduction of a catheter into the urethra allows you to collect urine without loss, and then using a tap, it is drained into a container for urine collection.

If a person experiences incontinence, specials are attached to his thigh. urine bag. For those who have abnormalities with urination, doctors independently take an analysis.

How to collect and store feces

You will need clean, sterile dishes (as with urine). For a more reliable result, it is worth excluding the ingress of blood particles, water and other chemicals. It is worth collecting in a plastic or glass container. Matchboxes are unlikely to be accepted, so don't risk it. Used containers must be washed with detergent and rinsed with boiling water.

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Before the "big deal" empty your bladder, wash dry and wipe your perineum. Prepare a container for collecting feces, 1-2 teaspoons are enough. Take a little from different sides, as parasites may not be everywhere.

Let's move on to the collection of analyzes itself. It is worth going to a clean container, but if you have any difficulties with this, you can do the following:

  • cover the toilet with plastic wrap and take a clean spoon (if there is no special container for stool analyzes);
  • collect the required amount in the vessel;
  • we hand over a container for feces to the laboratory.

In the case when you need to take feces from a child, it is recommended to prepare the baby in the same way as an adult. Avoid constipation and diarrhea in the week before a bowel movement. Do not give your baby laxatives or food that can cause diarrhea, do not feed new foods (if he has not eaten, for example, oranges, do not give him until you get tested).

The collection can be done directly from the diaper, or the pot (which must be clean before the procedure). A teaspoon of feces is enough.

For constipation, limit yourself to dietary foods, and be sure to check with your doctor. Do not use candles, enemas or laxatives before surrendering. If it turned out that an enema was done, the biomaterial should be collected only after 48 hours.

It is not worth storing feces, it is better to take it in the first 2 hours after collection, and preferably in the morning. It is not necessary to keep the feces in an open form, since other organisms will develop in it. If suddenly you cannot bring the feces container to the laboratory on time, remember that you can store it for up to 10 hours. For several hours, the material can be kept in the refrigerator, but not in the freezer.

Where are the tests done, and what is done with them

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These are mainly private and public medical institutions or laboratories. There should be a district clinic at the place of residence. Going back to public hospitals, you can get results after a day, and not always free. Private clinics charge a fee, but the result is provided on the day of delivery, after a couple of hours.

A jar for analysis is delivered to the laboratory, and there the biomaterial is applied to glass and stained, then the laboratory assistant examines the feces for the presence of helminths using a microscope. If parasites are found, the results are sent to the attending physician. If the findings are questionable, re-analysis may be required.

In the urine, they check: color, transparency, odor, acidity, density, presence of protein, sugar, hemoglobin, leukocytes, bacteria and salts.

All data and possible diseases, the patient can learn from his attending physician. In children, this is a pediatrician, in adults - a therapist or infectious disease specialist, as well as a gastroenterologist. If only results are reported, be sure to consult your doctor.

How much does a test jar cost?

For feces, the price depends on the volume and the manufacturer, on average, it is 5-20 rubles. The cost may also depend on the pharmacy itself where they are sold.

As for urine, glasses with lids will cost 7-30 rubles, a container for collecting feces with a holder will be from 15 to 30 rubles, children's urine bags cost 10-20 rubles. and to account for the daily urine output 250-450 rubles.

In Ukraine, the prices for containers are kept from 6 to 60 UAH. But basically, it is 6-10 UAH per bottle.

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