Table of contents:
- Why are worms dangerous?
- A kitten has worms: signs of parasite infestation
- Ways of infecting a kitten with worms
- What worms can be found in kittens
- How to remove worms from a kitten at home
- How to choose the right drug for deworming
- Anthelmintic preparations for kittens
- Remedies for worms in a kitten: tablets and suspension
- Complex preparations
- We remove worms in a kitten correctly using the IN-AP complex
- Prevention of helminthiasis
Worms in a kitten. Kittens very often fall prey to helminthic infestations. Parasites are capable of dwelling not only in the intestines, but also in the liver, muscles, blood and even in the heart of the baby. A pet infected with helminths represents a danger not only to its health, but also to everyone around it, children are especially susceptible to infection. Kittens are most often at risk of worms, and their symptoms are much more pronounced than in adults. The signs of such a disease can be different, depending on what type of parasites appeared in the kitten's body.
Taking a kitten into the house, you take on all the hassle of keeping, feeding, treating it. The
life of a little fluffy prankster completely depends on a person. Taking a kitten into the house, you take on all the hassle of keeping, feeding, and treating it. Observing the rules of care and adhering to the recommendations of the veterinarian, you can keep your pet healthy.
It is especially important to save the kitten from the danger of infection with helminths (parasitic worms), which cause irreparable harm to the small body. This article will discuss how to protect your pet from these dangerous parasites.
The content of the article:
- 1 What are the dangerous worms
- 2 The kitten has worms: signs of parasite infestation
- 3 Ways of infecting a kitten with worms
4 What worms can be found in kittens
- 4.1 Cestodes
- 4.2 Dipylidiosis
- 4.3 Nematodes
- 4.4 Toxocariasis and toxascariasis
- 5 How to remove worms from a kitten at home
- 6 How to choose the right drug for deworming
- 7 Anthelmintic drugs for kittens
- 8 Remedies for worms in a kitten: tablets and suspension
9 Complex preparations
9.1 Most Common Feline Anthelmintics
- 10 We remove worms from a kitten correctly using the drug "IN-AP complex"
- 11 Prevention of helminthiasis
Why are worms dangerous?
Worms parasitize not only in the intestines, they are often localized in other organs: liver, lungs, gall bladder, heart. By acting on the pet's body, they cause diseases called "helminthiases".
Worms in a kitten. Parasitic worms feed on blood, lymph, take nutrients and vitamins from the animal, thus depleting its body. In the process of life, all worms release toxins. When the worms die, they decompose. This causes intoxication and can lead to the development of allergic reactions in the pet.
Some types of worms stick to the walls of the hollow internal organs of animals. With fixation devices, helminths injure the mucous membrane, ulcers and areas of tissue necrosis appear on it. If there are many parasites, they can block the intestines. In kittens, this causes his obstruction and even rupture.
A kitten has worms: signs of parasite infestation
Worms in a kitten. By external signs, you can determine whether your little pet is infected with worms.
Symptoms of a kitten's worm infestation:
- General weakness, rapid fatigue;
- Growth and developmental delays;
- Increased or decreased appetite;
- Discharge from the eyes, anemia of the mucous membranes;
- Indigestion (bloating, diarrhea, constipation, vomiting, perverted appetite);
- The presence of worms in vomit or feces;
- Blood or mucus in your stool
- Itching in the anus;
- Dull coat, strong shedding;
- The presence of fleas, lice.
Many people think that a kitten that is not on the street cannot catch worms, but this is not the case.
Ways of infecting a kitten with worms
Eggs and larvae of worms are found everywhere in the environment. Therefore, you yourself can bring parasites on the soles of shoes or clothes.
Let's list the main ways of infecting a kitten with worms:
- Intrauterine from mother;
- When eating raw or poorly cooked fish and meat;
- Contact with sick animals;
- Through intermediate hosts (fleas, lice, lice).
Also, do not forget that worms from a kitten can be transmitted to humans. Children are especially often infected from sick pets, because they spend a lot of time with the kitten, kiss, hug him.
What worms can be found in kittens
Kittens are mainly parasitized by two types of worms: round (nematodes) and tape (cestodes).
Worms in a kitten. Cestodes are tapeworms that parasitize the intestines of cats. They cause diseases called "cestodoses". They attach to the intestinal wall and damage the mucous membrane. Ulcers and tissue necrosis are formed at the attachment sites. In kittens, cestodes cause several diseases, the most common is dipylidiosis.
The disease is caused by a cestode, which parasitizes in the small intestine of kittens. The intermediate hosts of this parasite are fleas and lice. The worm's eggs come out with the feces of an infected pet. Fleas swallow eggs.
The kitten becomes infected by biting off fleas infected with cestode larvae. Affected kittens are exhausted, apathetic, they have a perverted appetite, alternating diarrhea and constipation. The sick pet's fur is disheveled, it flows from the eyes. He is itchy in the anal area, so he constantly rides on the pope.
Roundworms (nematodes) cause diseases called nematodes. These parasites are found primarily in the gastrointestinal tract, but can infect the lungs, heart, and other organs.
Toxocariasis and toxascariasis
Worms in a kitten. Toxocariasis is more common in kittens at the age of two to three months. Toxascariasis affects mainly young cats and kittens aged six months and older.
Infection of kittens with these diseases occurs when the eggs of the worms are swallowed along with food or water. In the stomach of the animal, a larva emerges from the eggs, which is introduced into the intestinal mucosa, enters a blood vessel and, along with the blood, is transferred to the heart, then to the lungs.
In the lungs, the larvae grow and develop, then migrate to the bronchi and trachea, and from there, along with a cough, they enter the oral cavity. The pet swallows them again, and already the nematodes reach puberty in the intestines. The full development cycle of these parasites lasts about a month. Also, kittens can become infected with toxocars when they suck milk from a sick mother.
A kitten infected with roundworms has the following symptoms:
- Decreased appetite;
- Cachexia (wasting, weight loss);
- Distended, painful abdomen;
- Anemia of the mucous membranes;
When infected with any kind of helminths, the kitten needs treatment. For this, anthelmintic drugs are used.
How to remove worms from a kitten at home
Worms in a kitten. You can remove worms from kittens with the help of anthelmintics. Choose broad spectrum drugs that kill roundworms and tapeworms.
Use the age-appropriate anthelmintic for the kitten. Strictly follow the dosage indicated in the instructions for the drug. Be sure to weigh your pet before the procedure.
How to choose the right drug for deworming
Today, anthelmintic drugs can contain one active ingredient that counteracts a certain type of worms, or a whole complex of active ingredients that destroy various types of parasites.
Cats and kittens can be infected with one or several types of helminths. Therefore, it is better to choose a drug that has a wide range of effects on all types and stages of worm development.
Since 2004, the research and production company "SKiFF" has been producing the anthelmintic drug Prazitel, which has high quality and a wide spectrum of action. The drug is intended for the prevention and treatment of nematodes and cestodes, as well as mixed nematodes and cestodes in cats and kittens.
Prazitel actively affects all types and stages of development of helminths in kittens. The therapeutic effect of the drug is achieved with a single use in 95-100% of cases. The drug does not cause side effects and is optimal in terms of the content of active ingredients.
Anthelmintic preparations for kittens
Worms in a kitten. Today, pharmaceutical companies have developed special anthelmintic drugs for kittens: Prazicide Suspension and Dirofen. The rest of the preparations are recommended to be used when the kitten reaches the age of one month.
Prazicide suspension has a wide range of action and infects round and tapeworms at different stages of their development. The active components of this drug are aimed at the destruction of muscle tissue and the shell of helminths, which contributes to their rapid death. The kitten is administered a dose of prazicide suspension once at the age of two weeks, without prior diets and laxatives. This drug belongs to the category of low-toxic compounds and has no side effects.
Dirofen is a complex drug that is presented on the market of medicines in the form of tablets. The active compounds of this drug destroy the membrane of the muscle tissue of the parasites, causing them neuromuscular innervation and paralysis. As a result, worms are destroyed and excreted from the body. Dirofen is recommended for kittens to be taken once at the age of two weeks.
It is important to purchase anthelmintic drugs in specialized pharmacies and carefully read the instructions before using them. It is forbidden to inject kittens with medications for worms used for humans.
Veterinarians warn all cat lovers that helminthiasis, unlike other ailments of animals, cannot go away on its own. Therefore, the treatment process should be approached very responsibly. The longer the kitten does not receive qualified assistance, the less chances he has to grow up as a full-fledged and healthy individual.
Preparations for worms for kittens are available in different forms. In addition to tablets and suspensions, you can now buy drops on the withers from worms and complex drugs that act on internal and external parasites at the same time.
During the treatment of a pet for helminthiasis, the kitten's resting places, its bed, bowls, toys, and tray should be disinfected. Carry out damp cleaning of the premises where the animal is, using chlorine-containing products.
Remedies for worms in a kitten: tablets and suspension
Worms in a kitten. Anthelmintics for oral administration (tablets, suspension) are given in the morning feeding forcefully or with a small amount of food. The drug is dosed strictly by weight. In case of severe infection with worms, the treatment is repeated in accordance with the helminth development cycle. It is more convenient to use a suspension for worms than tablets. However, if you bought pills for worms, we will tell you how to give them to a kitten correctly.
Often kittens refuse to take the drug for worms in the mouth. Animals may have profuse salivation after taking these remedies.
It is more convenient to use complex antiparasitic drugs, since they are produced in the form of drops on the withers.
Many breeders and owners of kittens and cats trust the IN-AP complex to protect animals from worms and fleas.
The most common feline anthelmintic drugs
Worms in a kitten. Veterinary medicinal products popular with cat owners, which they prefer to treat pets, in descending order:
- Drontal tablets. The spectrum of action of the drug extends to round and tapeworms. The remedy is curative, and can be used as prevention of disease. There are no side effects. Recommended for kittens. It can be used for pregnant cats, as well as for elderly and weakened animals.
- Suspension of Prazicide. The spectrum of action is cestodosis and nematodosis. Taking the drug to remove parasites, a single dose. A short-term increased salivation after taking the suspension was attributed to a side effect.
- Pirantel suspension. The action is directed against hook and round parasitic worms, as well as pinworms. The drug is low-toxic, but not recommended for pregnant cats. Side effects are extremely rare and manifest as nausea, accompanied by vomiting, diarrhea, and dizziness.
- Alben-C tablets. It is a multi-complex drug against worms. A low-toxic agent is indicated for animals of all age categories, starting from 3 months of age. It is categorically not recommended for them to treat pregnant cats for helminthiasis. With strict adherence to the dosage, it has no side effects. The drug is taken once.
- Dironet's suspension against cestodosis and nematodosis. It is contraindicated for pregnant, recently lambing and lactating cats, as well as kittens in the first three weeks of life.
- Febtal tablets. A complex broad-spectrum agent capable of removing round and tape parasites. Not toxic. Recommended for pregnant and recently lambing cats.
We remove worms in a kitten correctly using the IN-AP complex
Worms in a kitten. "IN-AP complex" is used in kittens from two months of age. The drug is used once by applying it to dry, intact skin at several points in the back between the shoulder blades.
For the complex destruction of worms and external parasites, the treatment is carried out once in a dose of 0.5 ml or 15 drops per animal, which weighs less than 5 kg. For the effectiveness of the pet product, it is not recommended to wash it 48 hours before and after treatment.
Prevention of helminthiasis
It is impossible to protect your pet from infection by helminths 100%, which is why it is important to reduce the risk of parasites in the cat's body. For this, it is necessary to regularly give the pet a drug for prophylaxis. Many drugs are used to treat and remove parasites from the body and have a good effect. When contacting a veterinary pharmacy, be sure to indicate that the infected pet is an adult cat or a small kitten.
An adult animal is prevented from 2 to 4 times a year. Provided that anthelmintic drugs will be applied two weeks before mating or scheduled vaccination. The first prophylaxis in kittens is carried out no earlier than 3 weeks after birth. As with adults, anthelmintic drugs must be given 14 days before vaccination.
Secondary prophylaxis is carried out at 6-8 weeks, the next two times with an interval of three months, and upon reaching six months, as well as for adult cats, from 2 to 4 times a year.
Regular disinfection of the litter box will accompany prevention. It is also necessary to remove solid excrement from the tray immediately, and do not eat raw meat or fish products as feed. Shoes should be stored in closed shoe boxes so that the pet cannot lick them and catch the infection.
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