Table of contents:
- What is the risk of infection with worms
- How to get rid of worms
- Types of worms
- How do they look
- The influence of helminths on the condition of the dog
- Preventive deworming
- Therapeutic deworming
- Remedies and preparations for worms for dogs
Worms in dogs are a common problem in animals whose owners neglect the rules of prevention. Such a negligent attitude not only negatively affects the condition of the pet, but also directly threatens a person with infection. Worms in dogs are a dangerous phenomenon that negatively affects the body and often leads to death. It is easy for a dog to become infected with worms - it can become a victim of parasites after another walk on the street.
The content of the article:
- 1 What is the risk of infection with worms
- 2 How to get rid of worms
- 3 Types of worms
4 What they look like
- 4.1 Nematodes (or roundworms)
- 4.2 Trematodes (flukes)
- 4.3 Cestodes (or tapeworms)
- 5 Influence of helminths on the condition of the dog
- 6 Preventive deworming
- 7 Therapeutic deworming
- 8 Remedies and preparations for worms for dogs
What is the risk of infection with worms
Adult worms injure the intestinal mucosa, stomach, can cause blockage of the intestines and bile ducts, some types cause anemia, others parasitize in the bile ducts of the liver, gall bladder and pancreatic ducts. Migrating larvae enter various other organs of the host, which disrupts their work. Waste products of all endoparasites have an allergic and toxic effect on the animal's body. Severe cases of helminthic invasion are fatal.
How to get rid of worms
It is necessary to purchase an anthelmintic drug. Please note that some anthelmintic drugs are suitable for both cats and dogs, and if you have a cat and a dog in your house, it is more advisable to purchase one drug for both animals, for example Kaniquantel.
Anthelmintic drugs for dogs and cats are sold in tablets, in suspension and in the form of drops on the withers, here you need to decide which of the drugs will be easier for you to give to the animal without injuring its psyche.
Worms in dogs. Be sure to read the instructions for its use. Calculate the correct dose (it depends on the weight and age of the animal). If you give your pet less than the required dose, the treatment will not have an effect, if more, it will have a bad effect on the well-being of your pet.
Most drugs are given in the morning on an empty stomach 2 hours before meals. The funds are available in the form of tablets, sugar cubes, suspensions, which can be poured into the mouth with a syringe, or a drop on the withers. The drops are simply applied to the pet's skin, a very convenient method, suitable for the most capricious animals. Usually, anthelmintic is given to the animal for the first time upon reaching two weeks of age, and then once every two weeks, until it reaches three months of age. And then it is recommended to give it for prevention four times a year at regular intervals. In the event that you have several pets at home, the worms must be removed to all at the same time, otherwise there will be no effect of treatment.
Types of worms
There are many varieties of helminths that affect dogs. Experts distinguish the following basic groups of serious parasites:
- flat tapeworms;
- round worms;
- flukes (trematodes).
It is important to know that worms in a dog, the symptoms of which are often not pronounced, provoke the appearance of chronic diseases that deplete the body.
Parasites live in internal organs - the digestive tract, kidneys, liver. Less commonly, they are found in the subcutaneous region and other places. They should be withdrawn gradually, taking into account the recommendations of the attending veterinarian.
Intestinal helminth species are often found in animal feces and are considered the most common parasites. They cause such ailments as ascariasis, hookworm disease, echinococcosis and other dangerous diseases that need to be treated urgently.
Usually, such worms cause the dog to be lethargic, stool disturbances and weight loss, so it is important to recognize the signs of helminthic invasion in time.
Worms in dogs. Many pet owners are unaware. Sometimes the animal is affected by nematodes, which are classified as pulmonary helminths.
You can recognize the ailment with the help of tests and a visual examination of a four-legged friend by a specialist. In addition, the dog is worried about a prolonged cough, which turns into chronic parasitic bronchitis.
Less common are special types of parasites - worms in the heart. They are dangerous in that they can be transmitted to humans and cause a lot of trouble for the pet and its owner.
Doctors call such an invasion dirofilariasis; most often, infection occurs through a mosquito bite, when helminth larvae enter the dog's blood. So, the animal loses weight, its breathing is difficult, and experts also note the presence of arrhythmias and a slowdown in the pulse.
There are also varieties of parasites that live in the liver. The fluke that infects this organ causes an extremely serious disease - opisthorchiasis, which is transmitted to humans.
Most often, an animal becomes infected when eating raw fish, usually both owners and dogs suffer from the disease. Experts note that on palpation, the liver is enlarged and painful, its tuberosity is noticeable.
How do they look
The types of worms in dogs can be recognized by seeing the worms directly in the feces, and the dangerous find is compared with the photos that are on the Internet.
Worms in dogs. Most often, roundworms are found in the animal's feces, the length of which is up to 15 cm. Such parasites are coiled into a tight spring, and the owner believes that his dog has swallowed the threads. At home, species such as the causative agent of toxocariasis, hookworm, uncinaria, dirofilaria are identified by external signs. You can see them only in a special photo.
The causative agent of toxocariasis has the appearance of a long, whitish worm, strongly pointed at the ends. Often, an adult is removed from the intestines and is found in the dog's feces.
But the hookworm has a smaller size, the length of this parasite is only 2 cm. The photo shows that the yellow nematode has a developed oral apparatus, due to which it destroys the intestinal mucosa. They are similar in appearance to these parasites and uncinaria, however, they significantly injure the internal organs, their excretion in the feces occurs much less frequently. Small types of worms in dogs are hardly noticeable. The photo, magnified hundreds of times, shows the oral apparatus of the parasites.
Dirofilariae are typical white nematodes, narrowed at the ends. The females of these parasites are larger than males and reach a length of about 15 cm.
They live in the heart of dogs and often cannot be detected in time, which slows down the diagnostic process. In the photo you can see the places of localization of such helminths.
Flat types of worms, photos of which can be seen on specialized sites, consist of individual segments and reach a length of up to 50 cm.This
variety also includes small parasites, the larvae and eggs of echinococcus cannot be found in the pet's feces with the naked eye. Nevertheless, small parasites are very dangerous - their cutting mouth apparatus damages the mucous membrane of the internal organs.
The hepatic fluke, included in the list of dangerous flatworms, has a type of parasite less than 1 cm long, possessing oral and peritoneal suckers, it is impossible to see them at home, like the worms in the heart, they are inconspicuous inhabitants of the dog's body. Flat worms in a dog, the symptoms of which may not be expressed, are harmful to the health of the pet, and a veterinarian will help to choose the optimal medicine for worms for dogs.
Nematodes (or roundworms)
In nature, there are more than 80 species of these worms.
In the body of dogs, the parasites are mainly the following:
- Toksakars are long and light worms that enter the dog's body in the form of eggs and develop in it to adults. They are the causative agents of toxocariasis disease.
- Toxacarides are small worms that develop in the intestines.
- Hookworms - their individuals are 2 centimeters long, feed on the blood of an animal.
- Dirofilaria - enter the body through an insect bite. They live in the heart and lungs of an animal, lead to the development of dirofilariasis.
The main types of these worms are:
- Opisthorochyses are 1 centimeter long parasites that multiply in the liver, gallbladder and pancreas.
- Paragonims are flatworms that live in the lungs.
- Alaria are small worms that penetrate the lungs, diaphragm, trachea, and then fill the intestines.
Cestodes (or tapeworms)
The largest type of helminths, capable of reaching a length of 10 meters:
- Dipilidia are worms up to 40 centimeters long. Parasitizes in the intestine, causing inflammation due to damage to the mucous membrane. They are causative agents of the disease dipylidiosis.
- Echinococcus - enter the body from raw meat.
- Diphyllobothria are worms up to 10 meters long. Their larvae enter the dog's body from raw fish. These worms are very toxic and extremely dangerous for the dog.
The influence of helminths on the condition of the dog
Worms in dogs. It is known that the larvae of parasites that have penetrated into the blood vessels are carried with the blood throughout the body and are retained in the internal organs.
This migration not only destroys the integrity of the tissues, but also interferes with the normal metabolism. The mouth apparatus of the worms injures the inner lining of the organ, causing inflammation, for example, the intestine suffers from such interference.
Parasites found in the heart of dogs can cause blockage of the right atrium and blood vessels, leading to the death of the animal.
Symptoms and treatment of helminthiasis take a special place in the study of the nature of worms. After all, the work of the pancreas, liver and gallbladder is disrupted. All types of helminths pose a danger to the health of the pet and its owner, worms often lead to a sharp decrease in body weight, exacerbation of chronic ailments and poison the animal's body with waste products, therefore, helminthic invasions should be treated.
The most important feature of prophylactic deworming is that with it, anthelmintics are prescribed not only to clearly sick animals, but at the same time to all others kept with the sick.
For the prevention of deworming animals, it is necessary from one to four times a year, depending on the situation. If your animal eats raw offal, meat or fish, eats garbage or feces on the street, then the risk of infection with helminths is quite high - deworming should be carried out once a quarter.
Deworming is also necessary before vaccination if the last preventive deworming was more than 4-6 months ago. Animals need to be vaccinated no earlier than 10-14 days after the worms have been driven.
During pregnancy and lactation, deworming should not be carried out, this can negatively affect the health of the fetus. If you are worried about the health of the animal, it is better to drive out the worms 10-14 days before the scheduled mating. If you have not done prophylactic deworming of the mother before mating, then it is necessary to drive out the worms no earlier than 21 days after giving birth to both mother and offspring.
Worms in dogs. As anthelmintic agents, it is necessary to use special veterinary drugs: drontal, cestal, caniquantel and other drugs in the form of tablets, sweet suspension, and also in the form of drops on the withers. There are also complex preparations against helminths and ectoparasites (fleas): stronghold, inspector.
Pay attention to which animals the drug is intended for. Anthelmintics for dogs and cats differ in a set of active substances designed for certain parasites, as well as their content in the preparation, therefore it is impossible to carry out deworming with the same drugs in dogs, cats and puppies. All medicinal anthelmintic agents must be given strictly according to the weight of the animal, therefore, the animal must be weighed before giving the drug! Read the instructions carefully and strictly adhere to the dose!
Now there are a huge number of drugs for the treatment of helminthiasis. Never buy in markets or stalls where you are likely to be sold a fake. These drugs are best purchased from a licensed veterinary pharmacy.
Prophylactic deworming is carried out once in the morning feeding in compliance with the dosage of the drug. If the animal has fleas, it is necessary to treat ectoparasites (since some helminths are spread by fleas).
In dogs, it begins at the age of 3 weeks, then again at 1.5 months, 10-12 days before the first vaccination. If the animal lives at home and eats exclusively dry commercial food, then in the future it is enough to carry out treatments against worms only 2 times a year. For dogs eating natural food and picking up something on the street, anthelmintic drugs are best given four times a year, every three months and 10-12 days before the annual vaccination.
Also, the use of antihelminthic agents is best combined with anti-flea treatment, since some helminths are spread by fleas.
If you have a suspicion that the animal has worms - do not worry about guesswork and do not waste time - the analysis of feces can be passed in a veterinary clinic where there is a laboratory. It is necessary to do this, but a single negative answer does not exclude the presence of helminths.
If helminths are found in an animal, deworming should be carried out with two times the use of anthelmintics. There is no need to determine what type of worms your animal has, since modern drugs are designed for all types of worms parasitizing in the body of animals. Once again, we draw your attention to the fact that the drugs are given strictly by weight, and also that there are different drugs for different types of animals (cats, dogs, rodents).
Worms in dogs. With therapeutic deworming, the anthelmintic should be given twice (or even more times) with a period of 10-14 days. A single dose destroys only adult forms of worms, but not eggs. In 10-12 days, a new population of helminths hatch from the eggs, and by repeated intake, you will destroy them. If, after the second administration of the drug, the animal shows signs of worm-clogging, be sure to contact your veterinarian, perhaps he will advise you to change the drug or conduct additional research.
In cases where the animal has a very strong worm infestation (often happens when the animal is picked up on the street), worms are distinguished in the feces with the naked eye, the animal is sick with worms, then therapeutic deworming must be carried out under the supervision of a veterinarian. Since forced deworming and, consequently, the rapid death of worms will lead to severe intoxication (poisoning of the body with decay products and the vital activity of worms). It is possible that there will be a need for infusion therapy (dropper).
The animal may also have a concomitant viral infection, which will also require medical attention.
The use of antihelminthic agents is best combined with anti-flea treatments, since some helminths are spread by fleas.
DO NOT vaccinate an animal with a helminthic invasion - it is dangerous and useless.
In general, the treatment and prevention of helminthiasis in pets is very similar. The only difference is the dosage, the frequency of giving drugs. It should also be remembered that worms are very easily transmitted to humans if the rules of hygiene are not followed, therefore, before freeing your animal from worms, you should strictly follow the rules of personal hygiene, do not allow the animal to "kiss" you and limit the animal's contacts with young children.
If you are worried, you can consult a pediatrician and decide whether to give the child prophylactic anthelmintic, or limit yourself only to observing the rules of personal hygiene. Remember that worms in dogs can easily change the host, that is, you!
We draw your attention to the fact that some symptoms, taken by the owners for helminthic invasion, may not be a sign of helminthic invasion at all, but more unpleasant diseases. In these situations, deworming can only harm the animal! Therefore, if your animal shows alarming symptoms, do not self-medicate, but contact your veterinarian.
Remedies and preparations for worms for dogs
Worms in dogs. A common remedy against parasites is Prazicide Plus suspension, which eliminates various worms in pets
No matter how attentive the owners of the dog are, on the street the animal will certainly sniff the soil and feces, communicate with other pets and even pick up food debris from the ground, which is a bad habit.
What to do in this case and how to protect your pet from a parasitic disease, the veterinarian will tell you in detail, he will also help you calculate the correct dosage of the medicine. The drugs can be divided into the following groups according to the form of release:
Before you remove worms from a dog, read the rules for using the medication. It is known that the symptoms and treatment of helminthic invasion require certain knowledge. A common remedy against parasites is Prazicide Plus suspension, which eliminates various worms in pets.
Such a medicine destroys round and tapeworms, it can also be used for mixed diseases. Strict adherence to instructions minimizes side effects, and it is convenient to give the liquid to the dog using the dispenser that is included in the kit.
Worms in dogs. This product contains components such as febantel, praziquantel, and a compound from the pyrimidine group and is intended for oral administration. So, the cell membranes of worms become vulnerable, which oppresses them, and the muscle tissues of most individuals are paralyzed, as a result of which the internal organs are cleared of worms.
Suspension "Prazicide Plus" has a number of advantages. For example, it has a mild effect on the animal's body, eliminates most parasites and is easily dosed according to the instructions, and the pleasant taste and aroma attracts pets.
At home, you can also remove worms from a dog with the help of the drug "Drontal", which is available in the form of tablets and is considered effective against round and tapeworms.
Worms in dogs. Medicine for dogs "Drontal" should be used according to the attached instructions and the veterinarian's recommendations
This remedy treats diseases such as ankylostomiasis, echinococcosis, diphyllobothriasis and other ailments. Effective for dogs "Drontal" and as a preventive measure. However, not all owners of four-legged friends know how to properly give drugs for worms to a dog.
Medicine for dogs "Drontal" should be used according to the attached instructions and the recommendations of the veterinarian. The tablets are best mixed into pet food, and you can also give them to the dog along with the treat.
If the pet refuses to take the remedy, then the tablets must be dissolved in a small amount of water and forcibly injected onto the root of the tongue.
Elimination of helminths with the help of the drug for dogs "Drontal" has such advantages as the absence of a preliminary diet, ease of use and no negative impact on the internal organs of the pet.
Veterinarians prescribe other anthelmintics to pets, for example, the medicine "Milbemax". It is effective against nematodes and cestodes, and experts also note its harmlessness.
Tablets according to the dosage indicated in the instructions should be given to the animal when coughing, drooling, rapid weight loss and other suspicious symptoms after consulting a veterinarian. This tool allows not only to treat helminthic infestations, but also to carry out prevention annually.
Newly made owners of four-legged pets do not know how to properly give them drugs for parasites. The dog refuses to take the tasteless pills and the man gives up trying to cure the dog.
Having found the larvae of helminths in the feces of an animal, you should immediately purchase special drops from worms, which will help you quickly and effectively get rid of the disease.
How to remove worms from a dog? Healing drops are applied to the withers of the dog and are recognized as the most convenient form of worms. Conventional drugs often work weakly, as the pet spits out the medicine or the person does not know how to give pills to his four-legged friend.
Worms in dogs. When choosing liquid anthelmintics, you need to focus on the age and weight of the dog. Preparations for worms for dogs are available complete with instructions for use, which indicate their features.
How to remove dangerous worms from the dog's body quickly? For example, Dironet drops for adult pets are an active liquid that is absorbed through the skin and enters the animal's bloodstream, and from there into all organs, including the intestines and heart. This medicine consists of ivermectin and praziquantel, known for their effectiveness.
Veterinarians also recommend Stronghold drops from worms, created on the basis of the active ingredient - selamectin. It allows you to eliminate parasites such as hookworms, roundworms, dirofilariae and others.
Worms in dogs. If you find traces of parasites in your pet's feces, then don't panic and give pills to your four-legged friend. It is possible to treat dangerous varieties of helminthic infestations with the help of the effective remedy "Prazicide Complex", which consists of praziquantel, ivermectin and other potent substances.
It is important to know that drops, like other anthelmintics, cannot be combined with such medicines. If you do not know how to remove a large number of helminths from the dog's body, contact your veterinary clinic.
Find out more:
- Hookworm infection in dogs: signs, symptoms and treatment
- Fleas in dogs: causes and signs of appearance, treatment methods