Sorbents For Babies And Children: Preparations, Dosage

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Sorbents For Babies And Children: Preparations, Dosage
Sorbents For Babies And Children: Preparations, Dosage

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Sorbents for babies and children. The child's body is able to accumulate toxins and harmful substances. To cleanse the body, you can use natural sorbents or drugs. Sorbents must be present in a home medicine cabinet, and especially if there are small children in the house. This group of drugs is indispensable for food poisoning, allergies and atopic dermatitis. But, despite the relative harmlessness of sorbents, they still belong to drugs, and require compliance with the rules of use. Children, like adults, also need to cleanse their bodies. Of course, most parents are afraid of using medicinal sorbents for babies, preferring natural remedies to them. Nevertheless, the pharmaceutical industry has gone so far that the drugs produced for children are absolutely safe.

The content of the article:

  • 1 Why are sorbents needed
  • 2 Possibilities of enterosorbents for allergic diseases in children
  • 3 Types of sorbents for children
  • 4 Liquid charcoal for children
  • 5 What is Polysorb

    • 5.1 How Polysorb works: pros and cons
    • 5.2 Instruction with details
    • 5.3 Doses, grams, milliliters
  • 6 Smecta

Why are sorbents needed

Sorbents for babies
Sorbents for babies

Sorbents are able to bind and remove various substances from the body. In the case of allergies, it is especially important that the sorbent removes the allergens circulating in the blood, which cause the disease. The faster the allergen is removed, the less harm it will cause to the body.

Sorbents for babies and children. Sorbents also remove intermediate and final toxic products of an allergic reaction that accumulate in the lumen of the gastrointestinal tract.

Moreover, against the background of taking sorbents, an increase in the activity of immunity occurs, the severity of eosinophilia decreases, as a result of which itching of the skin and edema, as well as other symptoms, decrease. In other words, sorbents help to quickly eliminate the manifestations of allergies.

Possibilities of enterosorbents for allergic diseases in children

It is known that one of the main reasons for the development of allergic diseases in children is food allergy, the clinical manifestations of which are very diverse. The following conditions associated with food allergies have been described:

  • atopic dermatitis, neurodermatitis, urticaria, Quincke's edema, itchy measles-like rash;
  • damage to the digestive system: nausea, vomiting, impaired motility, diarrhea, abdominal pain, severe colic, constipation, weight loss, dystrophy;
  • less common are bronchial obstruction, laryngeal edema, rhinoconjunctivitis, stridor, unexplained crying, fatigue, agitation, anxiety, vulvovaginitis, most patients have a combination of several symptom complexes.

Symptoms of lesions of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) with food allergies are found in 89-94.1% of children.

Sorbents for babies
Sorbents for babies

Sorbents for babies and children. Any part of the gastrointestinal tract can be involved in the pathological process - from the oral cavity to the rectum, the clinical manifestations are varied and most often nonspecific: it can be infant intestinal colic, regurgitation and vomiting, gastroesophageal reflux, allergic esophagitis, gastritis, gastroenteritis or gastroenterocolitis, procolititis or procolititis; chronic constipation resistant to traditional therapy; malabsorption syndrome or protein-losing enteropathy; possibly combined damage to several parts of the gastrointestinal tract.

The presence of symptoms of lesions of the gastrointestinal tract in patients with atopic dermatitis, allergic rhinitis may also indicate the role of food allergy in the etiopathogenesis of these diseases.

With food allergy, the intestinal microflora due to the existing allergic inflammation (of various origins), disturbances in the processes of digestion and absorption cannot but change qualitatively and quantitatively. This is evidenced by the frequency of dysbiotic disorders in children with food allergies, reaching 94.1%.

Sorbents for babies
Sorbents for babies

Sorbents for babies and children. A dysbiotic state (changes in the quantitative and qualitative composition of microflora) creates conditions for the implementation of the virulent action of opportunistic microorganisms. Putrid or fermentative flora abundantly develops, fungi, mainly of the genus Candida, microorganisms are found that are not typical for normal microflora.

Inflammation in various parts of the gastrointestinal tract, impaired enzymatic activity, parietal and membrane digestion and absorption, changes in biocenosis lead to increased formation and impaired inactivation of toxic products, including a decrease in the ability to form, elimination of antibodies and antigen-antibody complexes, which worsens the condition of the patient with allergies and stimulates the transition of the disease to a more severe form.

To determine which sorbent is best for a child, several factors should be taken into account - the type and severity of intoxication, the age of the little patient, and his taste preferences. Usually, when choosing a specific drug, they are guided by the following principles:

  1. It is better for children to give not tablet medicines, but liquid suspensions, pastes and gels. They have a neutral or sweetish taste, are easy to swallow, and do not leave an unpleasant aftertaste in the mouth. A capricious child can be given a drug with the aroma of vanilla, orange and caramel, but allergy sufferers should refrain from synthetic additives.
  2. If sorbents in tablets are nevertheless used, it is advisable to crush and dilute them with water before use. This suspension will be absorbed faster in the digestive tract. It is convenient to whip a suspension prepared from dry powder with a blender - this way the medicine easily turns into a homogeneous mass without lumps, which babies do not like so much.
  3. Sorbents for children with moderate and severe poisoning should have a maximum sorption capacity. Such properties are typical for organosilicon preparations. In case of mild poisoning, enterosorbents with prolonged action should be preferred.

Sorbents for babies and children. Absorbent for children in case of poisoning is not a sufficient and complete treatment. It accelerates the elimination of toxic substances from the body, but does not eliminate all possible complications and consequences of intoxication. Seeking medical help is mandatory in any case.

Types of sorbents for children

According to their chemical structure, enterosorbents are divided into several groups:

  1. Carbon enterosorbents (based on activated carbon, granular carbons and carbon fiber materials), which, often having a rigid structure, can injure the mucous membrane of the digestive tract.
  2. Enterosorbents based on natural and synthetic resins, synthetic polymers and indigestible lipids have selective sorption (bind specific substances), limited use.
  3. Silicon-containing enterosorbents are widely used, although some of them have contraindications that must be taken into account when prescribing in pediatric practice.
  4. Natural organic sorbents based on dietary fiber, hydrolytic lignin, chitin, pectins and alginates are the safest, practically have no contraindications. Their advantages: are not digested by digestive enzymes, are not absorbed by the digestive system, fermented by intestinal bacteria, do not injure the mucous membrane of the intestinal walls, have a high sorption capacity, and firmly retain sorbed substances. Pectin is a complex of colloidal polysaccharides based on galacturonic acid with side chains of rhamnose, arabinose, xylose and fructose. Pectin is a gelling agent. Together with cellulose, it forms the cell framework of fruits and fruits, green parts of the stem and leaves.
  5. Combined enterosorbents containing two or more types of the above sorbents.
Sorbents for babies
Sorbents for babies

Sorbents for babies and children. An enterosorption agent used in pediatric practice should have the following properties: be non-toxic, non-traumatic for mucous membranes, evacuate well from the intestines, have a high sorption capacity with minimal loss of beneficial ingredients.

As they pass through the intestine, the bound components should not undergo desorption and should not change the pH of the medium. The sorbent should favorably influence the secretion processes and biocenosis of the intestinal microflora. Enterosorbents containing a sorbent and a prebiotic are ideal.

Liquid charcoal for children

Currently in the arsenal of pediatricians there is a new agent from the group of enterospecialists - "Liquid Charcoal® for Children" - a complex of natural apple pectin, inulin prebiotic and fennel extract. The drug is available in powder form for solution preparation. The finished product has the consistency of a gel, gently envelops the walls of the stomach and intestines, completely eliminates the possibility of mechanical injury.

Sorbents for babies and children. All components of Liquid Charcoal® for Children have long been studied, are safe and effective. A feature of the drug is the total effect of all components.

The action of pectin is based on the ability to absorb and firmly retain toxins of exogenous and endogenous origin (allergens, biologically active substances released as a result of an allergic reaction, other toxic metabolic products, xenobiotics, bile acids, heavy metals and other compounds), pathogenic microorganisms present in the enteric environment. Pectin dissolves in water and forms a gel. It can be figuratively represented as a sponge made of molecules.

Sorbents for babies
Sorbents for babies

Moving along the digestive tract, the pectin "sponge" captures harmful substances, preventing their absorption. Pectin is poorly degraded in the stomach and is not digested in the intestine. Everything captured by the "pectin sponge" is excreted from the body.

Pectin has a higher sorption capacity compared to other sorbents based on dietary fiber, lignin and activated carbon, does not injure the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract and contributes to its repair.

In addition, pectin molecules combine with ions of heavy metals and radionuclides, forming insoluble salts that are not absorbed in the gastrointestinal tract. As a result, heavy metals are also removed from the body.

To correct dysbiotic disorders, the composition of Liquid Charcoal® for Children contains inulin, which helps to restore the natural intestinal microflora. Prebiotic inulin (C6H10O5) n is an organic substance from the group of polysaccharides, a polymer of D-fructose, belongs to the group of dietary fiber, is not digested by the digestive enzymes of the human body.

Sorbents for babies
Sorbents for babies

In the lower intestine, inulin breaks down and serves as a nutrient substrate for bifidobacteria and lactobacilli and prevents the growth of pathogenic microorganisms. Inulin stimulates the gastrointestinal tract motility and accelerates the passage of the food lump through its upper sections, which contributes to the early elimination of harmful substances by pectin.

Fennel extract soothes abdominal discomfort due to its antispasmodic and carminative properties. Fennel extract is the most "ancient" remedy for fighting colic and abdominal cramping in children.

Sorbents for babies and children. The recommended course of using the drug "Liquid Charcoal® for Children" for food allergies in children over 3 years old is 7-14 days (but "on demand" or in case of violation of the diet, the duration of admission is unlimited, subject to the rules of admission). The interval between taking “Liquid Charcoal® for Children” and any medicinal product is at least 1 hour.

Sorbents for babies
Sorbents for babies

The drug has a convenient form of administration, natural apple flavor, which does not cause unpleasant sensations in children. The liquid form immediately enters the stomach and begins to actively act. In addition to sorption, the product helps to reduce dehydration.

Taking into account the composition of the "Liquid Charcoal® for Children" preparation, its inclusion in the complex treatment of food allergies in children over 3 years of age is shown, which will contribute to a more rapid relief of symptoms of gastrointestinal system lesions, improve the quality of life of children and their parents, and reduce the drug load.

What is Polysorb

Sorbents for babies and children. First of all, it is worth understanding what Polysorb is. The official instruction included in the box says that the powder in sachets or cans is colloidal silicon dioxide, the particle size is 0.09 mm, almost invisible.

Sorbents for babies
Sorbents for babies

If you do not drink the sorbent immediately, then after a few minutes, whitish flakes will appear in the glass, slowly precipitating to the bottom - the sorbent picks up water, and in this form loses its effectiveness. The swollen preparation may have a slight chalk odor. Actually, silicon dioxide should smell like that, since they are related substances.

The drug Polysorb is useful for adults and children in situations where it is necessary to urgently stop diarrhea. Indications for use - poisoning, intestinal flu, acute intoxication with any viral infections, allergic reactions, alcohol consumption, fatty and smoked food.

Polysorb MP reduces the effect of harmful food on the body, helps to remove poisons and toxins, poisoning with which is asymptomatic, and also improves intestinal motility.

The manufacturer declares Polysorb MP as a sorbent and dietary supplement at the same time, noting the ability of the drug to improve overall well-being, have a beneficial effect on the functioning of the entire digestive system and remove fecal residues from the intestines, preventing putrefactive processes.

How Polysorb works: pros and cons

Sorbents for babies
Sorbents for babies

Sorbents for babies and children. The description of the preparation implies that Polysorb MP acts as an absorbent, absorbing all substances that are suitable in size into the pores on the surface of the particles. Thus, the selective effect of the sorbent lies in the fact that the pores on its surface are large enough for toxic molecules, but small for molecules of vitamins and microelements.

Consequently, the disadvantages of Polysorb are the inability to remove too large molecules from the intestine, however, among the traditional causes of poisoning, such molecules are almost never found, and the possibility of removing useful compounds that coincide in size with toxins. That is, if the course of treatment is too long, a deficiency of some vitamins is possible - they will have to be taken separately.

Technically, the work of the sorbent looks rather primitive: micropores on the surface are deep enough to create a pressure difference and "suck" harmful substances.

Annotation to the drug emphasizes that Polysorb MP also removes some metabolic products, for example, excess bilirubin, cholesterol and urea, which has a beneficial effect, for example, on the course of pregnancy.

Sorbents for babies
Sorbents for babies

In addition to poisons and toxins, Polysorb binds drugs and antigens, so for everyone undergoing treatment, it is necessary to carefully choose the dose and time of use of the sorbent. The powder is usually prescribed 3 times a day, but if there is a parallel course of treatment, the appointment can and should be adjusted.

The drug itself is not broken down in the body, is not absorbed into the bloodstream, does not weakens, does not cause nausea in the morning, slightly dulls hunger. Because of this, Polysorb is often recommended for those who are losing weight - the products of processing fat reserves seriously load the liver, and the sorbent is considered here as a dietary supplement with hepatoprotective functions.

Instruction with details

Sorbents for babies and children. The dry regimen for taking the drug describes the method of application and dose according to indications, separately making a calculation for children of different ages. However, this approach misses important aspects.

For example, a laxative effect that can occur when too much toxins are removed, or constipation due to a lack of fluid. Also in the tables there is no emergency dosage, which is 3-4 tablespoons of the drug for half a glass of water and is needed in case of acute poisoning.

Instructions for use of Polisorb are simple: determine the dose according to weight, dilute in half a glass of water and drink immediately. Repeat in accordance with the course scheme 2-3 times a day for 3-14 days. 40-50 ml of water, which are indicated in the table, is about half a teacup or a third of the usual mug. The powder must be diluted anew every time, storage of the diluted preparation is useless due to the reduced effect in the swollen form.

Sorbents for babies
Sorbents for babies

A recipe for other forms of administration - to prepare an ointment, cream, face peeling, it is better to ask those who have tried it. Any cosmetic forum will share several opinions and allow you to choose the most suitable options. Since cosmetology is not the main application of Polisorb, the official instruction bypasses this issue. Therefore, it would be wiser to search for a video on the query "cosmetology and Polysorb" for example.

Doses, grams, milliliters

Sorbents for babies and children. The dosage of Polysorb MP is calculated on the patient's weight: approximately 1 gram of the drug per 10 kg of weight, which corresponds to 1 teaspoon without a slide. The dosage is calculated per day, so a certain amount will have to be divided by the number of doses. And, although an overdose with Polysorb is impossible, you should not exceed the dose.

To simplify calculations, the drug can be purchased in packages of one gram and three grams. For children under one year old, or weighing less than 10 kg, one gram is enough for a day, that is, the dose will have to be divided. In other cases, this is the minimum single dosage. It is better to place an open sachet in a doy-pack or close it with a paper clip so that it does not fly apart until the next use.

In addition to water, Polysorb can be diluted with juice, compote, milk, including breast milk, jelly. All these tricks are needed to convince the child to take the medicine, but they also make the treatment more enjoyable for adults. The forum for young mothers even suggests mixing the drug with meat broths.

Smecta

Sorbents for babies and children. Fortunately, there is a special class of drugs that are universal and can help most people with symptoms of an upset gastrointestinal tract. These are sorbents, that is, substances capable of absorbing all the excess that is in the stomach and causes discomfort - toxins, viruses and bacteria. Smecta is one of the most effective sorbents.

The composition of the preparation is very simple. Its active component is dioctahedral smectite. It is a mixture of specially treated magnesium and aluminum silicates.

Smecta does not affect the content of vitamins, minerals and beneficial intestinal microflora. In addition, the drug has a beneficial effect on the gastric mucosa. This effect is twofold. Firstly, Smecta fills in small defects in the mucous membrane and forms a protective layer on its surface. Secondly, the medicine prevents the negative effects of the acidic environment of gastric juice, microbes and their toxins on the mucous membrane.

Sorbents for babies
Sorbents for babies

All this has a preventive effect, prevents the exacerbation of diseases and the occurrence of bleeding. One of the advantages of the remedy is that it acts exclusively in the gastrointestinal tract. None of its components are absorbed into the bloodstream - even in diseases such as colitis and colonopathy. This means that the drug does not accumulate in the body.

Sorbents for babies and children. Many parents are interested in the question: is Smecta suitable for children? Yes, and Smecta is so reliable in terms of safety that it can be given even to infants, which not every remedy for indigestion can boast of.

Another advantage of smectite is that it does not interfere with X-ray examination of the digestive system. Smecta is characterized by a simple method of application, which makes it a popular remedy.

The only dosage form of Smecta is a powder for preparing a suspension weighing 3 g. In addition to the active substance, the preparation includes:

  • flavoring
  • dextrose monohydrate
  • sodium saccharinate
Sorbents for babies
Sorbents for babies

Smecta is sold over the counter without a prescription. The manufacturer of the drug is the French pharmaceutical company Bofur Ipsen Industry. Smecta also has analogs with similar indications. Usually they have the same active substance - dioctahedral smectite.

Smecta is so reliable in terms of safety that it can even be given to infants.

Sorbents for babies and children. These drugs include Neosmectin and Diosmectin. Indirect analogs include other sorbents, for example, activated carbon. However, it should be understood that not all sorbents are as effective and selective in their action as Smecta.

Find out more:

  • Sorbent preparations are effective means of cleaning the body
  • Tablets for cleansing the body - types and uses
  • Allergy from parasites

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