Worms In Kittens - Symptoms, Signs, Treatment Methods

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Worms In Kittens - Symptoms, Signs, Treatment Methods
Worms In Kittens - Symptoms, Signs, Treatment Methods
Video: Worms In Kittens - Symptoms, Signs, Treatment Methods
Video: Intestinal Worm Symptoms in Cats 2023, February
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Worms in kittens are very dangerous, as it can negatively affect the growth and development of the animal, as well as cause chronic diseases of internal organs.

The content of the article:

  • 1 Worm infestation in a kitten
  • 2 Worms in kittens - the main types

    • 2.1 Worms in kittens - cestodoses
    • 2.2 Worms in kittens - nematodes
    • 2.3 Worms in kittens with trematodes
    • 2.4 Worms in kittens - Dipylidiosis
  • 3 Ways of infecting kittens with worms
  • 4 Worms in kittens - signs
  • 5 Worms in kittens - how to treat
  • 6 Why does a kitten have diarrhea
  • 7 Why kittens diarrhea after worms
  • 8 Worms in kittens - why are they dangerous
  • 9 Prevention of worms in kittens

Worm infestation in a kitten

It is possible to make an assumption about the presence of helminthic invasion by the following signs: general deterioration in health, problems with hair, absence or, conversely, increased appetite. Itching in the anus makes the cat "ride" on the bottom and rub against various objects with the anus. In addition, alternating constipation and diarrhea, vomiting are possible.

Worms in kittens
Worms in kittens

There are two phases of the disease - acute and chronic. Most often, cat owners are faced with a chronic course of the disease. Not only kittens are susceptible to helminthiasis. Adult cats are also at risk, and a domestic cat that does not leave the apartment is not immune to worms.

Diseases of cats caused by worms are not divided into several types, depending on the type of parasite. Determining whether a cat is infected can be difficult due to the similarity of symptoms with the manifestations characteristic of many other diseases, including infectious ones. An unambiguous answer can only be given by analysis of feces.

Worms in kittens are dangerous, since against the background of this disease, the course of other diseases, for example, infectious, passes in a more severe form. The presence of helminths can cause anemia and degeneration of internal organs. In some cases, helminthiasis (helminthic invasion) can result in intestinal obstruction and even death.

The disease is easily transmitted from animal to animal, some types of worms are dangerous to humans. A kitten does not need to go outside to become infected with worms. She can become infected with them through food, from other animals, from people and even hunting flies, since flies are carriers of worms.

Worms in kittens - the main types

Many novice cat lovers ask how worms look in cats. In fact, there are many types of parasites that infect animals. Some scholars claim about eighty. But kittens have worms, the symptoms of which are most common. There are three main groups of worms - nematodes, cestodes and trematodes. They will be discussed here.

Worms in kittens - cestodosis

Cats become infected with these worms while eating raw meat, mice, fish, fleas are their carriers. Diphyllobothriasis - the invasion is caused by a long, up to one and a half meter flatworm.

Worms in kittens
Worms in kittens

Failure to treat worms in cats can have serious consequences. Alveococcosis is caused by a small worm that lives in the small intestine. It is not very dangerous for the animal, but these worms in cats are transmitted to humans.

Symptoms of worms in cats associated with this parasite are manifested in the form of weight loss, anemia, and sometimes vomiting of blood.

Dipylidiosis is caused by a flatworm 20-30 centimeters long. Parasites attach to the intestinal wall, thereby destroying the mucous membrane. Animals lose weight, they develop diarrhea with mucus and blood.

Worms in kittens - nematodes

Nematodes: Toxocariasis is caused by small worms that live in the intestines and biliary tract. They are transmitted either through food or in utero. Signs of worms in a cat are manifested in the form of weight loss, vomiting, diarrhea, and sometimes anemia.

Worms in kittens
Worms in kittens

If such worms start in cats, treatment, drugs must be used, because they often cause blockage of the biliary tract and intestinal obstruction. Ankylostomiasis is associated with a roundworm, about 2 mm long. It feeds on blood, if kittens have such worms, the signs will manifest themselves in the form of anemia.

Worms in kittens - trematodes

Worms in kittens
Worms in kittens

Trematodes: paragonimiasis or pulmonary worms. Infection occurs while eating raw fish and seafood. When these worms are present, the symptoms in cats may appear general - loss of appetite, fever, snoring during sleep, shortness of breath. In some cases, frothy vomiting and diarrhea are observed.

Liver fluke is a worm that parasitizes the liver, infection also occurs when eating raw fish.

Signs of worms in cats are expressed in severe pain syndrome (it does not allow touching the stomach), periods of gluttony alternate with a complete loss of appetite.

Vomiting or diarrhea with bile may occur. Tablets for worms for cats in such cases must be given together with drugs to protect the liver.

Worms in kittens - Dipylidiosis

The disease is caused by a cestode, which parasitizes in the small intestine of kittens. The intermediate hosts of this parasite are fleas and lice. The worm's eggs come out with the feces of an infected pet. Fleas swallow eggs.

Worms in kittens
Worms in kittens

The kitten becomes infected by biting off fleas infected with cestode larvae. Affected kittens are exhausted, apathetic, they have a perverted appetite, alternating diarrhea and constipation. The sick pet's fur is disheveled, it flows from the eyes. He is itchy in the anal area, so he constantly rides on the pope.

Ways of infection of kittens with worms

Owners of fluffy purrs should remember that animals are susceptible to infection not only by dangerous viruses, bacteria, but also by internal endoparasites (worms). The kitten can eat fish, meat products without heat treatment, drink water contaminated with parasites. Endoparasite eggs enter the house on the shoes, clothes of the owners.

Worms in kittens - parasitizing in various internal organs, tissues are dangerous to health and life. Severe invasion leads to blockage, rupture of the intestines, which will inevitably lead to the death of a small pet.

To avoid the invasion of kittens, every three to four months, depending on the drug used, prophylactic deworming should be carried out. An effective anthelmintic, the dosage will be suggested by the veterinarian.

Worms in kittens
Worms in kittens

Infection with worms in kittens occurs by the alimentary, transplacental route (in utero). If the cat was not proglistogenic before mating, newborn kittens are born with infested worms.

Eggs, parasite larvae can be on the cat's mother's fur. They are also carried by fleas, lice, ticks, and other types of ectoparasites. Helminthic infestations are diagnosed by veterinarians not only in kittens that go out for a walk, but also in pets that do not leave the house or apartment.

Worms in kittens - the main routes of infection

  • intrauterinely from the mother;
  • when eating raw or poorly cooked fish and meat;
  • upon contact with sick animals;
  • through intermediate hosts (fleas, lice, lice).

Worms in kittens - signs

The external manifestations of helminthic invasion in kittens are quite diverse and depend on the localization of the helminth.

General signs indicating the presence of a disease:

  • the very first and most obvious signs are depression, poor appetite and emaciation;
  • stunted growth and development;
  • indigestion: constipation, diarrhea, sometimes vomiting may occur;
  • the belly of kittens affected by worms, as a rule, is swollen and resembles a drum;
  • discharge from the eyes;
  • itching in the anal area (manifested by the fidgeting of the kitten with the fifth point on the carpet or other horizontal rough surface);
  • the coat is disheveled, dull, the kitten itself looks untidy and unattractive;
  • with a strong infestation, worms or their parts may come out with feces.

Worms in kittens - how to treat

Only completely healthy kittens can be given anthelmintics. weighing at least 500 grams. If you picked up a kitten on the street and are in doubt that the pet is healthy, show it to the veterinarian. Monitor your pet after the worm. The kitten must definitely empty itself some time after taking the medicine. Otherwise, there is a risk of poisoning.

In order to prevent a kitten from becoming infected with helminths, other dangerous endoparasites, deworming should be carried out every three to four months. In case of severe invasion, after the first dose of the drug, the kitten must be given the same remedy again after two weeks.

During treatment, the main thing is to accurately observe the dosage of the drug. The fact is that these funds are quite toxic, and you can not only destroy the worms, but also cause great harm to the health of the kitten, up to and including death.

Considering that all modern anthelmintics are moderately toxic substances, before giving the kitten the drug, observe the dosage, which is calculated strictly by the weight of the animal.

Neglecting this rule will not only provoke an intestinal disorder, but can also cause serious complications. Suspensions or tablets for worms are given to the pet in the morning before the main meal for 30-50 minutes.

A disease such as helminthiasis, unlike some other animal diseases, can never go away on its own. On the contrary, the longer there is no therapy, the worse the condition of the kittens is. Therefore, the treatment of invasion must be approached responsibly.

Worms in kittens
Worms in kittens

The drug is given twice with an interval of 2 weeks. The second time the kitten must be given the medicine. Most modern drugs act only on mature worms. In 2 weeks from the larvae or eggs remaining on the wool, which the kitten licks, a new invasion can develop again.

The most important thing in the treatment of worms is their prevention. For the treatment of worms in kittens, a lot of medicines are available on the market, which are available in the form of: suspensions, tablets; powders, injections.

If the kitten is constipated, give him a mild laxative (liquid paraffin). If, after deworming, the cat's condition worsens, side symptoms are rapidly increasing, urgently contact your veterinarian.

Why does the kitten have diarrhea

Disorders of the gastrointestinal tract are common in kittens. There can be many reasons for this: from the simplest one - a sharp change in feed, to life-threatening infections. First you need to understand what diarrhea is.

Diarrhea (medical term - diarrhea) is a pathological condition that develops as a result of a disruption in the normal functioning of the intestinal tract, acceleration of the digestive process, in which the patient has frequent defecation, while the feces become watery, often accompanied by pain in the abdomen, urgent urges and anal incontinence.

Diarrhea itself, as a symptom, is more dangerous for small kittens than for adult cats. Diarrhea can lead to dehydration, disruption of water and electrolyte balance, and as a result, rapid death. At the same time, in addition to correcting the condition of a kitten with diarrhea, it is necessary to identify and eliminate the cause of this ailment.

Why does a kitten have diarrhea? There are a number of reasons:

  • stress: abrupt weaning from breastfeeding, moving, changing owners and surroundings, loud and harsh sounds, etc. Anything can become stress;
  • improper nutrition: a sharp change in feed, overfeeding, food "off the table", etc.;
  • poisoning: chemicals, plants, stale food;
  • hypoglycemia: a decrease in blood glucose levels. This is due to insufficient or late food intake and increased physical activity. Kittens need to be fed a highly nutritious food in small portions every 4 hours, and sometimes more often;
  • helminthic invasion: almost every kitten has worms to one degree or another. Even if your baby was isolated from the outside world, this cannot be a guarantee that the kitten does not have worms. Babies can become infected even when they are mother-fed;
  • protozoa (lamblia, isospores, Trichomonas, etc.): these are unicellular organisms, many of them have flagella on the surface for active movement; these are some of the most common parasites. It is very simple to become infected with them - by the fecal-oral method (through contaminated water or food, through washing and licking the paws of the cat after visiting the tray, which was used by a sick animal or a cat - an asymptomatic carrier);
  • viral infections: (for example, panleukopenia, coronavirus enteritis) - can also be one of the causes of diarrhea. Kittens, due to their not yet formed immunity, are easily exposed to viruses.

Correction of the condition of a kitten with diarrhea must include therapy that prevents: dehydration; loss of trace elements. Chronic diarrhea often causes vitamin and mineral deficiencies, which can lead to diseases such as anemia.

Why do kittens diarrhea after worms

Diarrhea (diarrhea) is a condition characterized by frequent bowel movements, the release of watery, mushy feces. If the kitten begins to vilify after the worm and the diarrhea lasts no more than 24-38 hours, this is normal.

Worms in kittens
Worms in kittens

In this case, diarrhea is a protective reaction of the body, which can be triggered by substances contained in antihelminthic agents. In addition, some components of anthelmintics enhance peristalsis, intestinal motility to accelerate the natural process of removing intestinal parasites from the body of animals.

It is possible that if a small pet has carried it after taking an anthelmintic, the pet is infected with a viral-bacterial, intestinal infection. Therefore, only clinically healthy pets can be vaccinated and anthelmintic. Weakened by pathology, illness, infection, the body worse tolerates such preventive and therapeutic manipulations.

If the kitten is badly diarrhea, mucus, blood, foam in the feces, particles of undigested food are noticeable, and an intestinal disorder occurs in the first hours after deworming, most likely the kitten is heavily infected with endoparasites.

If, after preventive, therapeutic deworming, in addition to acute diarrhea, the kitten has vomiting, nausea, itching, weakness, apathy, muscle spasms, salivation, allergic manifestations, such a condition is provoked by individual intolerance to the constituent medicines.

Worms in kittens
Worms in kittens

Profuse diarrhea in small kittens after anthelmintic occurs in the case of the use of fake medicines, an incorrectly selected drug, a violation of the recommended therapeutic dosage in the annotation.

Therefore, before deworming, consult with your veterinarian regarding the dosage and choice of medication. Be sure to read the instructions carefully. If the dosage is exceeded, the animals very often develop side symptoms (diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, unstable stools).

Worms in kittens - why are they dangerous?

Worms parasitize not only in the intestines, they are often localized in other organs: liver, lungs, gall bladder, heart. By acting on the pet's body, they cause diseases called "helminthiases".

Worms in kittens
Worms in kittens

Parasitic worms feed on blood, lymph, take nutrients and vitamins from the animal, thus depleting its body. In the process of life, all worms release toxins. When the worms die, they decompose. This causes intoxication and can lead to the development of allergic reactions in the pet.

If there are many parasites, they can block the intestines. In kittens, this causes his obstruction and even rupture.

Some types of worms stick to the walls of the hollow internal organs of animals. With fixation devices, helminths injure the mucous membrane, ulcers and areas of tissue necrosis appear on it.

Prevention of the appearance of worms in kittens

Like any disease, the appearance of worms in kittens is easier to prevent than to cure.

To prevent your pet from getting sick, we recommend following these tips:

  • regularly treat the kitten with antiparasitic agents;
  • do not feed the animal raw or poorly cooked meat or fish;
  • avoid pet contact with sick animals;
  • regularly clean the room where the pet is kept;
  • disinfect bowls, beds, care items.

Remember that most of the worms that a pet can get infected are dangerous to humans. Therefore, be vigilant: protect your pet, yourself and your family from danger.

Find out more:

  • How to give a pill to a kitten from worms - means and methods
  • Tablet for worms for cats - what to eat and how to take
  • Ascariasis in cats - signs, symptoms and how to treat

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