Signs Of Parasites In The Human Body - Symptoms

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Signs Of Parasites In The Human Body - Symptoms
Signs Of Parasites In The Human Body - Symptoms

Video: Signs Of Parasites In The Human Body - Symptoms

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Video: Microbiology of Parasites 2023, February

Signs of parasites in the human body can be different, but there are a number of manifestations characteristic of helminthic invasions: abdominal discomfort, itching of the anus, intestinal disorders, headaches, anxiety, etc. As soon as you feel the first signs of the disease, go to the doctor immediately. Timely treatment will prevent the development of complications caused by helminthic invasion.

The content of the article:

  • 1 Parasites - who are they?
  • 2 Making a diagnosis of parasites
  • 3 The first signs and symptoms of parasites in humans
  • 4 Symptoms of parasites depending on their species

    • 4.1 Symptoms of ascariasis
    • 4.2 Symptoms of Teniarhynchiasis (bovine tapeworm)
    • 4.3 Symptoms of enterobiasis (pinworms)
    • 4.4 Symptoms of toxocariasis (toxocara)
    • 4.5 Symptoms of ankylostomiasis (noncatorosis)
    • 4.6 Symptoms of diphyllobothriasis (broad tapeworm)
    • 4.7 Symptoms of teniasis (pork tapeworm)
    • 4.8 Symptoms of echinococcosis (echinococcus)
    • 4.9 Symptoms of alveococcosis (alveococcus)
    • 4.10 Symptoms of schistosomiasis (fluke schistosoma)
  • 5 What is the danger of infection with parasites
  • 6 Ways to fight parasites

Parasites - who are they?

A parasite is an organism that supports its existence at the expense of the host. Parasites live in the human body, carry on their vital activity, feed on human food and energy, and often on human cells and tissues. Recent studies indicate that 85% of North Americans have at least one parasite. Some scientists add another 10% to this figure.

Signs of parasites in the body
Signs of parasites in the body

Parasites in the human body can live almost anywhere. There are no barriers for them. They parasitize not only in the intestines, but also in the liver, joints and muscles, in the blood, in the brain, in the eyes. Science knows more than 100 species of parasites that live in the human body, ranging from invisible amoebas to worms several meters long.

According to the World Health Organization, 95% of the world's inhabitants have parasites in the human body. The mass invasion is the result of underestimation. People do not have information, and diagnostics and treatment are not carried out effectively enough. Helminths, microbes, viruses live, multiply, and intoxicate the human body from the inside. They are not harmless, as they seem at first glance, and getting rid of parasites in the intestines, for example, is difficult.

Translated from Greek - parasites, parasites. The designation characterizes the essence of the existence of an organism. These lower creatures, plant individuals live inside the body and outside, feed on it, and it is difficult to drive out parasites. Asking the question of what organisms are called parasites, many will call worms, maybe even fungi, viruses, but the list is not complete without protozoa, worms, insects … The hosts are bacteria, protozoa, plants, animals, people.

Microorganisms go through a long development cycle. For some species, 2-3 hosts are needed - after that they become sexually mature. In the organism of the intermediate host, it goes through the larval stage. A person is an intermediate or final host, but, regardless of the type of carriage, human parasites harm the body and their expulsion is necessary.

Parasite diagnosis

Signs of parasites. Diagnosis of parasites is carried out in different ways: laboratory tests of feces, blood and other biomaterials. Options for how to detect:

  • ELISA - enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay - to diagnose antibodies, that is, the body's response. Not always reliable - antibodies inside a person remain in the blood 2-3 months after getting rid of them;
  • serological examination. They help detect antibodies and antigens;
  • ultrasound and X-ray examinations, tomography, endoscopy, endobiopsy help to detect parasites in the body;
  • PCR diagnostics determines the DNA of the "parasite", even its particles. It will not help to find out the degree of invasion and to be reliably checked for parasites;
  • bioresonance diagnostics - based on determining the frequency of oscillations that all living beings have. It helps to determine the presence of a pest, even if there are no symptoms and to quickly get rid of parasites in the intestines and not only, detected at this stage is quickly expelled.

Before removing parasites from the human body, you need to determine their type, location, and the intensity of infection. Intestinal parasites in humans are the most widespread in the body, since there are optimal conditions for the development of worms in the gastrointestinal tract, it is difficult to remove them from the intestine.

The first signs and symptoms of parasites in humans

Signs of parasites in the body
Signs of parasites in the body

It is well known that parasites in the human body strive for the most imperceptible existence. Nevertheless, our body is very difficult to deceive, and it gives signals to a person that an infection has occurred.

The main thing is to be able to recognize these signals and interpret them correctly.

Main features:

  • intestinal and gastric disorders, liver and bile duct diseases, chronic colitis (constipation);
  • depressive conditions;
  • disorders of weight and metabolism;
  • joint and muscle pain;,
  • chronic fatigue, chronic cold;
  • malfunctions of the immune system, bronchopulmonary diseases;
  • allergies, anemia;
  • increased sensitivity to weather changes;
  • problem skin, itching, teeth grinding;
  • gynecological problems, hormone-dependent tumors, oncology;
  • sleep disturbances, irritability;
  • inflammation, warts, granulomas, etc.

While already in maternity hospitals, women and newborn children become infected with staphylococci, chlamydia, Trichomonas and other infections. According to frequency-resonance diagnostics, 97% of the population is infected with parasites, the degree of infection with roundworms, pinworms and all types of tapeworms is especially high. More than 25% of the population is infected with fungal infections.

Signs of parasites in the body
Signs of parasites in the body

Signs of parasites. According to data from different regions of Russia, 70% of the examined patients are infected with toxoplasma - the smallest parasites that live in the brain. These are intracellular parasites that destroy brain cells and also live in internal organs, muscles and lymph nodes. Infection occurs from cats, dogs, birds, as well as through the milk of farm animals.

During pregnancy, the unborn child becomes infected, since the placenta of an infected woman is not able to fight the penetration of Toxoplasma.

People who are not aware of the dangers of sluggish parasitic diseases do not realize the fact that pets are natural carriers of a large number of parasites, which they disperse throughout their homes and infect their hosts.

Symptoms of parasites depending on their species

Symptoms of ascariasis

Signs of parasites. The causative agent of the disease is the ascaris worm, which lives in the human intestine: an allergic rash (urticaria and vesicular rashes on the body, on the feet, on the hands), accompanied by severe itching; increased body temperature, the development of fever; sweating, weakness; general malaise, enlargement of the liver in size, pain in the right hypochondrium; during the migration of ascaris, all patients have cough, shortness of breath, chest pains, wheezing is heard in the lungs.

There is a likelihood of developing pleurisy of an exudative nature; appetite worsens, morning sickness appears, abdominal pain, constipation interspersed with diarrhea.

Weight decreases; on the part of the nervous system, there are disorders such as worsening sleep, decreased memory, symptoms of meningitis, epileptiform seizures; with massive infection, the development of obstructive jaundice, liver abscess, intestinal obstruction, appendicitis, pancreatitis, peritonitis is possible.

Symptoms of Teniarhynchosis (bovine tapeworm)

Teniarinhoz is a parasitic human disease, which is provoked by the ingestion of a bovine tapeworm into the body:

  • a feeling of heaviness in the epigastric region;
  • heartburn, nausea, urge to vomit, increased salivation;
  • often patients complain of unstable stools, flatulence and discomfort in the intestines;
  • intestinal obstruction, appendicitis, blockage of the biliary tract is observed with multiple invasions;
  • a person is constantly hungry, his appetite increases sharply, his body weight gradually decreases;
  • parasitizing tapeworm leads to vitamin deficiency and insufficient intake of nutrients by the body;
  • allergic reactions occurring like urticaria are characteristic;
  • weakness, dizziness, sleep disturbances, headaches, increased irritability and nervousness are often observed;
  • chain infection can lead to the development of functional cardiovascular disorders, including tachycordia and arterial hypotension.

Bovine tapeworm infection is very dangerous for pregnant women, as the risk of premature birth and spontaneous abortion increases.

Signs of parasites in the body
Signs of parasites in the body

Signs of parasites. In some cases, such a parasitic invasion proceeds with a complete absence of any symptoms, and a person learns about the infection only when he finds tapeworm larvae in the feces, or when the worm decides to leave the intestines on its own. He leaves through the anus, which is accompanied by quite unpleasant sensations.

Enterobiasis symptoms (pinworms)

Enterobiasis is caused by worms called pinworms. These are the most common parasites in the human body. Popularly they are better known as worms: anal itching, which is most pronounced in the evening and during night rest. It is explained by the migration of female pinworms into the rectum and the process of laying eggs in the perianal folds; local redness and scratching of the skin, it is possible the formation of eczema in the anus; intense itching provokes sleep disturbances, bruxism, lethargy, drowsiness, and increased fatigue.

In childhood, urinary incontinence is possible; periodically there are abdominal pains, which are cramping in nature of low intensity. Mostly pains are localized in the right iliac region; appetite most often worsens, stool becomes unstable, alternation of constipation and diarrhea is possible; a person is worried about meteorism, nausea, sometimes vomiting may occur; Children are more susceptible to allergic manifestations of enterobiasis.

Reactions proceed as atopic dermatitis, allergic conjunctivitis, bronchial asthma; possible periodic headaches, memory loss, deterioration of attention, increased irritability

Symptoms of toxocariasis (toxocara)

Signs of parasites. Toxocariasis is a widespread disease that is damage to human organs and tissues by the parasitic worm toxocara. The invasion can be hidden, it can have blurred symptoms, or it can manifest itself with clear clinical signs: a skin rash. In appearance, the rash is similar to mosquito bites. They can appear anywhere on the body; angioedema.

Signs of parasites in the body
Signs of parasites in the body

It is accompanied by swelling of the skin in the neck and face. Choking and death of the patient is possible; bronchial asthma, which manifests itself as a persistent dry cough with little sputum secretion. If toxocariasis worsens, then a person's body temperature rises, sometimes to very high levels, symptoms of body intoxication (headaches, loss of appetite) increase, and a group increase in lymph nodes is observed. Worms are able to parasitize in internal organs, eyes, epidermis, and brain tissues. Depending on this, the symptoms of the disease will vary.

Symptoms of ankylostomiasis (noncatorosis)

Ankylostomiasis is a parasitic disease that is provoked by hookworm and necatorial helminths. These worms have a similar effect on their host's body: during the introduction of larvae through the skin (invasive stage), a person develops symptoms of urticaria and dermatitis with the appearance of various rashes (the rash can appear in the form of vesicles, erythema, papules).

At the site of invasion, there is skin edema, a burning sensation and itching. This period is most often extended to 12 days; during the migration of the parasite larvae through the human body (migration stage), he develops allergic reactions. In addition, parasites injure the respiratory tract, which is expressed in pneumonia, bronchitis, tracheitis, laryngitis and other diseases of the respiratory system.

Signs of parasites in the body
Signs of parasites in the body

Signs of parasites. The person suffers from coughing and shortness of breath, the voice becomes hoarse. An increase in body temperature is possible; 1-2 months after the invasion, the larvae reach the intestines (intestinal stage). There, adults begin to parasitize for a long time. Clinically, this manifests itself in iron deficiency anemia, since worms injure the intestinal mucosa and provoke the development of bleeding, in addition, they themselves feed on the host's blood. The patient suffers from symptoms of duodenitis (taste disturbance, vomiting, nausea, pain in the epigastric region, constipation and diarrhea, impaired appetite).

On the part of the nervous system, symptoms such as increased fatigue, irritability, and sleep disturbances are observed. Women often experience menstrual irregularities. It is extremely dangerous to become infected with hookworm infection in childhood, as this provokes a delay not only in physical, but also in mental development.

Symptoms of diphyllobothriasis (broad tapeworm)

Diphyllobothriasis is a parasitic disease that is provoked by worms from the cestode group, most often a broad tapeworm:

  • loss of appetite, instability of the stool, weight loss;
  • increased fatigue, low-grade body temperature;
  • discharge, together with feces, of fragments of the worm, which look like white ribbons;
  • pain in the abdomen by the type of contractions;
  • anemia with frequent dizziness, weakness, increased heart rate;
  • the appearance of bright red spots on the tongue, as well as painful cracks (Hunter's glossitis), which are the result of a lack of vitamin B12 in the body. In parallel, the tongue, gums, cheeks, and esophagus can be involved in the pathological process.

The development of glossitis is accompanied by certain difficulties in eating; if there are many parasites in the human body, then this can provoke intestinal obstruction; neurological disorders are manifested in paresthesias, increased irritability, depression.

Signs of parasites. It should be noted that diphyllobothriasis is not always manifested clearly. Often, the only sign that allows one to suspect the presence of a parasite in the body is the fragments of the worm contained in the feces.

Symptoms of teniasis (pork tapeworm)

Signs of parasites in the body
Signs of parasites in the body

Teniosis is a parasitic invasion, which is caused by the defeat of the small intestine with pork tapeworm: the patient's early complaints are reduced to the fact that he has nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or constipation, loss of weight and appetite; when a person vomits, the presence of segments of a pork tapeworm with larvae inside is possible in the vomit; there are mild abdominal pains, although sometimes they can proceed as contractions; anal itching is possible; dizziness, headaches become more frequent, sleep quality suffers, fainting is possible.

Signs of parasites. In 60% of cases, cerebral cysticercosis is observed, when the larvae of the worm enter the hemispheres of the brain. A person begins to suffer from speech defects, possibly the development of epilepsy, headaches, mental disorders, delirium, hallucinations, fainting.

In addition, parasites in the human body are able to penetrate the eyes, heart, lungs, and can parasitize the skin.

Echinococcosis symptoms (echinococcus)

Echinococcosis is a parasitic disease that is provoked by the echinococcus tapeworm. The worm can infect almost any internal organs: liver, lungs, brain, heart, etc. Symptoms of the disease may be absent for many years at all, and if they do occur, they are not pathognomonic: a latent period during which the larva is introduced into the tissues; the stage of clinical manifestations is expressed in the appearance of pain in the place where the cyst has formed.

Signs of parasites in the body
Signs of parasites in the body

Signs of parasites. A person develops unexplained weakness, hives, itchy skin develops. In addition, there are violations from the work of the organ where the cyst has taken root. If the liver is affected, the patient complains of nausea, poor appetite, a feeling of heaviness in the right hypochondrium. If the cyst is localized in the lungs, then the person is faced with an increase in body temperature, with chest pain, he is pursued by a constant cough, and aspiration pneumonia may develop. If the cyst settles in the brain, then the disease manifests itself as neurological symptoms with seizures of epilepsy, with paresis of the legs and arms, etc.

With heart damage, chest pains occur, rhythm disturbances are often disturbed, myocardial infarction and other serious cardiopathologies may develop; the stage of complications is reduced to the rupture of the cyst and the release of the contents into the abdominal or pleural cavity. As a result, a person develops pleurisy or peritonitis. In addition, suppuration of the cyst is possible, which is accompanied by fever and severe intoxication.

Symptoms of alveococcosis (alveococcus)

Alveococcosis is a parasitic disease that is provoked by the larvae of the alveococcus tapeworm. The nature of the disease can be sluggish, rapidly progressive, or malignant. Until the first symptoms of invasion appear, it may take 5 to 10 years or more.

From time to time, the patient will experience itchy skin, urticaria, and no more manifestations of the disease are observed. In the future, dull pains in the right hypochondrium, bitterness in the mouth, nausea, a feeling of pressure and heaviness in the epigastric region join. The abdomen may be asymmetric, a dense nodule is palpated in the liver.

A person loses weight, experiences constant weakness and malaise. Hepatic colic is not excluded, the development of dyspeptic disorders is possible. Alveococcus is dangerous in that it can metastasize to the brain. In this case, a person develops cerebral symptoms with severe pain, dizziness, etc.

Lethal outcome of the disease is not excluded; symptoms of giardiasis (lamblia). Giardiasis is a parasitic protozoal invasion triggered by intestinal lamblia. Asymptomatic carriage is observed in 25% of cases: dysfunction of the gastrointestinal tract; complaints of pain in the umbilical zone and right hypochondrium; characterized by nausea, belching, loss of appetite, bloating; the stool is most often foamy, it can happen up to 5 times a day. Diarrhea gives way to constipation; after the acute form of the disease has passed, the infection acquires a subacute course.

Signs of parasites in the body
Signs of parasites in the body

Signs of parasites. A person begins to lose weight, periodically he is disturbed by intestinal symptoms; the more massive the invasion, the stronger the symptoms of intoxication. Perhaps a prolonged increase in body temperature to subfebrile levels, depression of the central nervous system (irritability, fatigue, decreased performance, weakness, irascibility, mood swings); in children, giardiasis often manifests itself in the form of urticaria, tics, fainting, and itching are possible.

Symptoms of schistosomiasis (fluke schistosoma)

Signs of parasites. Schistosomiasis is a parasitic disease that is caused by blood flukes (schistosomes): at an early stage of invasion, a person experiences allergic reactions that proceed like urticaria and provoke the appearance of local edema. Paroxysmal cough with hemoptysis is sometimes observed.

Signs of parasites in the body
Signs of parasites in the body

In the same period, the body temperature may rise, sweating increases, pains and aches in the muscles occur; in the chronic stage of the disease, the general state of health is rarely disturbed, although in special cases a person suffers from dysuric disorders, but the patient's working capacity remains. With the intestinal form of the disease, appetite worsens, aching pains appear in the abdomen, often diarrhea with blood impurities occurs; in severe cases, death is not excluded.

The symptoms of parasites in the human body are huge. The severity of manifestations depends, first of all, on the state of the patient's immunity and on what kind of parasite entered the body, and where exactly it parasitizes.

Why is parasitic infection dangerous?

Signs of parasites. In men, parasites cause: prostatitis, impotence, adenoma, cystitis, sand, kidney and bladder stones. In women: pain and inflammation of the ovaries, fibroma, myoma, fibrocystic breast disease, inflammation of the adrenal glands, bladder and kidneys develop. And of course, premature aging of the skin occurs, wrinkles, bags under the eyes, warts and papillomas appear on the face and body.

And then a logical question arises: how to protect yourself from parasites? Are there any means, tests, medicines? Unfortunately, it can be stated that today there are no really accurate instruments for diagnosing parasites inside a person, and those that exist are rather vague and expensive.

In part, this is due to the presence of a huge number of parasite species (more than 2000 species of which are now known), and in part, with an extremely high level of difficulty in detecting them. The procedure for a complete analysis for parasites in Russia is available literally in several places and costs a lot of money.

Ways to combat parasites

  • Medication, which is highly effective and based on the intake of synthetic drugs. However, taking these drugs not only destroys parasites, but also damages the bone marrow, blood cells, the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract, kidneys, liver, nerve cells. After such treatment, rehabilitation measures are usually required;
  • alternative treatment - taking herbal infusions to cleanse the body. This method does not cause complications and has practically no contraindications. The most common recipes for parasitosis include garlic, wormwood tincture, ground ginger, herbal teas and other natural ingredients. Unfortunately, the effectiveness of this method has not always been proven, and the exact dosages have not been fully established;
  • biologically active additives and complexes on a natural basis have a multifaceted complex effect on the body. At the first stage, the body is cleansed, then - an active antiparasitic blow, and finally - the restoration of the intestinal microflora.

Find out more:

  • Parasites in the body - types, signs of appearance and prevention
  • Parasites in the human intestine: types, symptoms and prevention
  • Helminthic invasion in children: symptoms, drugs and treatment

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