Worms In Humans - Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment

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Worms In Humans - Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment
Worms In Humans - Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment

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Worms in humans - symptoms, diagnosis, treatment Worms, getting into the human body, begin their parasitic activity, thereby making a person feel unwell. Worm infestations are often the cause of severe allergic reactions, gastrointestinal diseases and other pathologies not associated with the gastrointestinal tract. At the same time, traditional treatment of these diseases does not bring recovery. Worms in humans can be suspected with a high probability by certain symptoms, however, clinically, helminthiases manifest themselves only when worms multiply. With a low-symptom course, laboratory tests will help to reliably diagnose helminthiasis. Symptoms of worms in a person can be different, but first of all, there is pain in the abdomen, discomfort near the anus, nausea, and general malaise.To restore well-being, it is necessary to get rid of …

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Worms, getting into the human body, begin their parasitic activity, thereby bringing a person ill health. Worm infestations are often the cause of severe allergic reactions, gastrointestinal diseases and other pathologies not associated with the gastrointestinal tract. At the same time, traditional treatment of these diseases does not bring recovery. Worms in humans can be suspected with a high probability by certain symptoms, however, clinically, helminthiases manifest themselves only when worms multiply. With a low-symptom course, laboratory tests will help to reliably diagnose helminthiasis. Symptoms of worms in a person can be different, but first of all, there is pain in the abdomen, discomfort near the anus, nausea, and general malaise. To restore good health, it is necessary to get rid of worms,using anthelmintic drugs or folk remedies.

The content of the article:

  • 1 What are worms
  • 2 How worms (parasites) appear
  • 3 In what organs can worms live
  • 4 How can you get infected with worms
  • 5 Symptoms for worms
  • 6 Symptoms of worms in humans, the first signs
  • 7 Flat parasites in humans. Symptoms

    • 7.1 Fluke
    • 7.2 Schistosoma
    • 7.3 Paragon
    • 7.4 Echinococcus
    • 7.5 Wide ribbon
    • 7.6 Bull tapeworm
    • 7.7 Pork tapeworm
    • 7.8 Dwarf tapeworm
  • 8 Roundworms in humans. Symptoms

    • 8.1 Ascaris
    • 8.2 Pinworm
    • 8.3 Trichinella
    • 8.4 Hookworms
  • 9 Is it worth drinking pills for worms for prevention

What are worms

Worms are parasites of humans and animals belonging to the class of flat or round worms. Worms have a fairly common structure.

In their own development, worms traditionally go through several stages: testicle - larva - adult. Most of all, human infection with worms occurs when he swallows the eggs of the worms.

Worms
Worms

From the swallowed eggs in the human intestinal tract, larvae quickly hatch, which begin to migrate to the place of their permanent life, where they are transformed into adults. In the process of movement, almost all helminths make true "travel" through the human body.

Only a few of the parasites (for example, pinworms), hatching from eggs in the intestinal tract, remain there. Usually, destruction of tissues and organs and symptoms caused by larvae and other developing forms of helminths during movement are most pronounced, in comparison with symptoms caused by mature forms parasites.

As we said above, adult worms traditionally have a stable localization in the body, and their developing forms more often migrate to different organs and tissues, while their path of movement is often rather complicated. For example, with ascariasis, a person becomes infected by eating foods contaminated with worm eggs (ascaris eggs ripen in the ground).

In the cavity of the intestinal tract, larvae hatch from ascaris eggs, which, within a couple of hours, enter the blood vessels through the wall of the intestinal tract and are carried into the lungs with blood flow. In the lungs, ascaris larvae grow and mature. The growing larva slowly gnaws into the adjoining bronchi and crawls along them, first into the trachea, and then into the oral cavity, where it is again swallowed and carried away into the intestinal tract.

Worms
Worms

The roundworm larva, which has again entered the intestinal tract, is transformed into an adult worm. Pulmonary migration of ascaris larvae is manifested by an abundance of symptoms (cough, asthma attacks, an increase in body temperature, an allergic rash on the skin), and the presence of a small number of adult worms in the intestinal tract may not be manifested in any way.

What are worms? Worms are scientifically called helminths. Helminths mean any worms that parasitize in the organisms of people, animals, plants. Accordingly, worms are not a specific type of parasite, but a whole group of different worms, three of which are the most common.

Some scientists argue that almost the entire population of the Earth is infected with one or another parasitic worm. However, in this case, helminthic infestations should be the most common types of diseases in the world, besides, a number of serious studies prove that in fact everything is not so bad. But the thought that helminths are still present in a person makes him immediately look for an answer to the question of how to get rid of the worms.

Worms
Worms

It should also be understood that helminthic invasion is still not something rare and insignificant. There are more than three hundred species of them, the larvae in humans do not only enter the intestines and continue to develop there, gradually poisoning the body. Let's figure out what are the symptoms of worms in humans, because the warned, as you know, is armed. And then we will learn how to get rid of worms effectively and what is needed to prevent them from returning.

It is actually very easy to determine the presence of worms in the body of any person - you just need to pass a feces test. The problem, however, is that most people don't even think of being tested. The problem is that helminths in adults and children manifest themselves, disguising themselves as a huge number of diseases, and at first they do not betray their presence at all.

A person can heal the intestines, liver, kidneys, stomach, gall bladder for years, and the root of evil will be helminthiases and parasites, which feel great when they are not fought with.

Often, helminthic invasion causes the development of diseases that have nothing to do with the helminths themselves. And in this case, you can be treated endlessly, if you do not understand in time what is the matter.

All this proves that worms are not just an unpleasant phenomenon. And given the presence of a huge number of ways of infection, it is vitally important to know the signs of worms in humans.

How do worms (parasites) appear

Symptoms of helminthic diseases depend on the phase of development of the parasite. In the development of helminthiasis, it is customary to divide into acute and acquired stages.

  • The acute stage of development of parasites begins from the moment of infection of the patient with worms and lasts 2-3 weeks (in the case of a severe course of the disease - up to 2 months). This stage is characterized by the dominance of allergic manifestations (rash, dry suffocating cough, increased levels of eosinophils in the blood), which develop in response to antigens (fragments) of migratory larvae in the blood. The immune response is very pronounced at the stage when the early forms of the parasite (larvae) are in the body of an infected person;
  • the acquired stage of development of worms occurs after an acute one and lasts for several weeks, months or years (with some worm diseases - up to 10 years). The symptoms of this stage for us depend on the localization of the worms, their number, and nutritional characteristics.

    In places of their own distribution, parasites damage tissues with their fixation organs (hooks, spines, cutting plates, cuticular spines). The damage causes tissue irritation and the development of an inflammatory response.

Some rapidly growing parasites, such as cysticercus or echinococcal cysts, being in the brain, eyeballs, liver, squeeze the surrounding tissues, often causing dysfunction of vital organs, which leads to serious consequences.

Worms
Worms

In the acquired stage of helminthiasis, metabolism is disturbed, since the parasite constantly absorbs valuable nutrients, such as proteins, minerals, carbohydrates, vitamins. In addition, the process of absorption in the intestinal tract of digested food is disrupted. The acquired phase in most digestive helminthic invasions is often asymptomatic, especially in cases where the parasites are represented by a single individual.

Any symptoms of the disease appear only with the huge size of the parasite, such as roundworm or broad tapeworm.

With other helminthiases, for example, with enterobiasis, nighttime itching in the anal area may seem, intense invasion with trichocephalosis contributes to the development of hemorrhagic colitis, and children may show symptoms of rectal prolapse.

How can you get infected with worms?

Parasites can be acquired in various ways. In this case, the worms are carried by the larvae, which are almost invisible to the naked eye.

The main methods of infection:

  • lack of hygiene skills - dirty hands, work on the ground;
  • eating food contaminated with helminths - unwashed fruits and food that the husbands sat on, as well as insufficiently thermally processed meat and fish (barbecue, steak with blood, smoked foods, sushi, etc.);
  • drinking unboiled water contaminated with worm eggs;
  • contact with animals that are natural reservoirs for worms - cats and dogs, wild animals (hunting, fishing, working on fur farms);
  • contact with a patient with helminthiasis - handshake, through bedding, doorknobs, etc.

In what organs can worms live

Worm parasites are divided into two categories, which correspond to the site of activity in the donor's body:

  • abdominal - worms that live in various parts of the gastrointestinal tract. There are about 100 varieties of intestinal parasites, and there are a couple of dozen species for each section of the intestine. The small intestine is ready to accept roundworm, antilostomy, broad tapeworms and other less common "brethren". The small intestine "will share living space" with pinworms, dwarf tapeworm and others. The medical literature describes cases when one person was simultaneously infected with several types of parasites;
  • tissue - worms localized in organs, tissues and even in the blood. Modern medicine successfully copes with paragonimiasis (lungs), cysticercosis (brain), echinococcosis (liver) and filariasis (lymphatic vessels). Some larvae of worms move through the body through the circulatory system and randomly attach to any organ. If many eggs are introduced, the entire body may be infected.

How can you get infected with worms

To protect yourself, you need to know about 4 ways of spreading and infection with worm eggs:

  • through soil and water - geohelminthiases. They develop in sand, soil and water, then enter the human body and begin to lay eggs there. Further, the eggs of the worm get into the external environment together with excrement and wait in the wings to infect a new person. Eating poorly washed vegetables and fruits, dirty hands, dust on food can lead to human infection with geohelminths. Some parasite eggs enter the human body through the skin of the feet and ankles;
  • through direct contact.

Worms in pets and humans are transmitted through hand contact, games, and joint activities.

  • through the use of contaminated food of animal origin - biohelminthiasis. Eating raw and poorly processed meat (shashlik, bacon, meat preserves, home-made game) and fish (sushi, dried fish, fish preserves) is potentially dangerous. There is a possibility of infection with intestinal infections and biohelminths;
  • with insect bites. This type of infection is rare. This includes intestinal myiasis, cantariasis, and scoleciasis. Do not confuse parasite eggs and insect larvae, which are also deposited under animal skins and human skin (for example, gadfly larvae).

Symptoms for worms

To understand how to remove worms in humans, you should know the symptoms that manifest each of the types of tapeworms. Depending on the place of dislocation, helminthic invasions can be:

  • translucent. Cavitary types of worms inhabit the area of ​​the small and large intestine. For example, the area of ​​settlement of roundworms, broad tapeworms is the small intestine. Pinworms live in the lower part of the small intestine, whipworm lives in the large intestine;
  • muscle (cellular). They live in muscle cells, lung tissues, brain cells, liver, lymph nodes, eyes. Some of the worms are luminal and cellular, because in the early stages they migrate with the blood circulation and populate the above organs.

Symptoms of worms in an adult can be different. As discussed above, they are often easily confused with signs of other diseases. In some cases, everything happens according to the classic scenario of massive infection. In this case, the signs of worms in an adult and a child will be similar, most likely in children - more pronounced.

Obvious symptoms of infection with worms: itching in the anus, especially at night; a sharp loss or vice versa, weight gain; anemia, which externally manifests itself in the pallor of the skin; tired, haggard appearance.

If you or your children begin to experience similar phenomena, it is imperative to visit a doctor and insist on being tested for the presence of parasite eggs in the feces. Of course, it may not be about them. Worm infestation symptoms are not always to blame for feeling unwell, but communication with a doctor will be useful in any case, because disorders in the body are evident.

Symptoms of worms in humans, the first signs

The first signs of worms photo in children
The first signs of worms photo in children

The first signs of worms in humans are always absent, symptoms of parasitic invasion appear only with a large number of worms (pinworms, roundworms) or a large tapeworm size, for example. The clinical picture of helminthiasis often mimics gastrointestinal pathology.

However, signs that indicate a violation of the functions of other organs are added to those characteristic of the gastrointestinal tract.

Symptoms indicating the presence of helminths in the body:

  • lack of appetite or, conversely, gluttony, bitterness in the mouth and profuse salivation;
  • an acute desire to eat sweets (worms feed on carbohydrates);
  • nausea, vomiting - sometimes worms, crawling into the stomach, or parts of them (segments) are found in the vomit;
  • itching of the anus and grinding of teeth in a dream - often indicate enterobiasis;
  • unstable stool - always provoking intestinal dysbiosis, helminthiasis proceeds with a frequent change of diarrhea and constipation, with a significant invasion, worms can go out with feces;
  • flatulence - bloating and rumbling in the abdomen is caused by toxins produced by worms;
  • periodic abdominal pain - diffuse, often localized in the navel, pains are sometimes spastic in nature;
  • skin manifestations - sudden allergic rashes and purulent formations (acne, boils), caused by a decrease in local immunity and the elimination of toxins through the skin, often proceed in a severe form, at the same time there is weakness of the nails and excessive hair loss;
  • irritable bowel syndrome - impaired absorption of nutrients leads to the development of anemia and weight loss, especially with numerous helminthic colonies;
  • cough is a dry symptom that occurs at the pulmonary stage of helminthiasis (ascaris larvae enter the lungs with blood), severe invasion can provoke pneumonia;
  • obesity - oddly enough, it can also be triggered by intestinal parasites, which, feeding on carbohydrates, cause a sharp drop in blood glucose and make you consume more food, and the body stores fats in reserve;
  • symptoms from the nervous system - increased irritability, poor sleep or drowsiness, constant depression, decreased alertness and memory problems are especially pronounced in children with helminthiasis;
  • chronic fatigue syndrome - parasites often provoke constant weakness, prolonged rises in temperature to 37-37.5C, flu-like condition and muscle pain;
  • pathology of the upper respiratory tract - a sluggish runny nose, a cough that does not respond to treatment, up to pneumonia and asthmatic conditions, are often caused by the presence of helminths;
  • decreased immunity - accompanying helminthiasis, intestinal dysbiosis and chronic intoxication lead to frequent colds and pathologies-indicators of immunodeficiency (herpes, warts, etc.), including oncopathology.

The effect of helminthiasis on the nervous system deserves special attention. Any kind of parasite in the course of its life produces products that are perceived by the body as foreign substances. Their toxic effect, first of all, affects the nervous system, provoking irritability, depressive states and other disturbances in emotional stability.

Flat parasites in humans. Symptoms

Fluke

Worms
Worms

The fluke is found in the hepatic tubules. Causes cancer of the digestive system. You can get infected by eating lightly salted, raw fish products. Symptoms of worms in an adult: increased body temperature; bouts of vomiting; dyspepsia; soreness in the spleen, liver; allergy. The person is periodically dizzy, sleep is disturbed; migraines are observed; he becomes irritable; mood changes often. Treatment of helminthiasis is carried out in a hospital.

Schistosoma

Schistosoma pathways of infection - swimming in charging ponds, drinking dirty water. Parasitizes in small veins of the large intestine, abdominal cavity, small pelvis, uterus, bladder. It can be localized in the brain.

Symptoms of worm infestation include loss of appetite; disruption of the digestive system; pale skin; stomach pain; dyspepsia; intestinal and uterine bleeding, weight loss, intestinal obstruction. In women, it causes menstrual irregularities; during the period of gestation, miscarriages were recorded due to the presence of worms.

Men develop impotence; the quality of sperm decreases (infertility). Children suffer from growth retardation, mental development. When brain cells are damaged, consciousness is impaired, the development of paralysis, seizures is possible. These conditions can be fatal.

Paragon

Worms
Worms

Paragon is a pulmonary fluke: from what worms appear in humans: from the consumption of freshwater crabs, fish, pork. The worm affects the organs of the bronchi, lungs. Signs of worms in adults: the temperature rises; the person begins to cough, and for a long time.

When coughing, phlegm is produced. There is a migraine; shortness of breath appears in the absence of movement; violation of visual acuity; bouts of vomiting.

Echinococcus

Echinococcus is a very dangerous tapeworm. May be fatal. For a long time, it is adjacent to a person, is able not to manifest itself. The routes of infection are pets, often dogs. A person becomes infected without observing hygiene rules.

Echinococcus becomes the cause of the development of cysts in human organs. Treatment of worms in adults is carried out only by surgery. Often affects the digestive system, respiration, brain, bone tissue. Symptoms in adults depend on which organ is affected.

Liver: pains in this area, different in character, severity, fatigue, skin allergies, yellowness. Lungs: pain in the sternum, coughing fits, shortness of breath. Brain: migraine, dizziness, paralysis, mental disorders, epilepsy. Bones: muscles, joints ache; frequent fractures are observed.

Wide ribbon

Worms
Worms

The broad tapeworm is one of the largest parasites. Lives in the small intestine. The route of infection is the consumption of lightly salted caviar, fish that has not undergone proper heat treatment.

Worms in the human body are characterized by frequent bouts of vomiting; soreness in the abdomen; dyspepsia; lack of appetite; fatigue; anemia; decrease in blood pressure; migraines. And sometimes the pain is so powerful that it leads to fainting.

Bovine tapeworm

Bovine tapeworm: ingress route - contaminated beef. Worm infestation colonizes the small intestine. How to understand that an infection has occurred? Signs of worms in humans: stomach ache; severe nausea; excessive increase in appetite; weight loss; rumbling in the stomach; flatulence; increased stool.

Pork tapeworm

Worms
Worms

Pork tapeworm lives in different organs. Ways of infection - lack of hygiene, unwashed fruits. It is possible to determine that a person has worms by dizziness, prolonged and regular migraines. A person does not sleep well, often wakes up in a "cold sweat" due to nightmares, so over time becomes irritable. Appetite is disturbed, belching appears.

Dwarf tapeworm

Dwarf tapeworm gets to a person through the mouth with dirty fruits and vegetables. Lives in the small intestine. Symptoms: fever, nausea, salivation, belching, heartburn, rhinitis, dry mucous membranes.

Roundworms in humans. Symptoms

Ascaris

Ascaris: you can get infected after eating unwashed vegetables and fruits. Tapeworms live in the small intestine. Signs of the appearance of worms in a person: it itches in the anus, the person feels the movement of worms, which causes insane discomfort. The temperature may rise, the lymph nodes increase, and the head hurts in the evening. The liver enlarges, manifestations of allergies are visible (urticaria in the area of ​​the feet and hands, dermatosis). Due to the defeat of the central nervous system, mental disorders occur - depression, convulsions, bouts of aggression, nightmares at night. Digestion is impaired.

Pinworm

pinworm: This parasite is caused by dirty hands. It lives in the human colon and small intestine. The source of infection is sick people, non-compliance with hygiene standards.

The first signs of worms: the anal area itches (worse at night); I have a stomachache; nauseous; sleep disturbances. The person is restless and irritable; gets tired quickly.

Some people develop urinary incontinence against this background; allergic manifestations. In girls, with worms, abundant vaginal discharge appears.

Trichinella

Trichinella is a dangerous helminthic invasion. Symptoms do not always appear immediately. Routes of infection - consumption of pork meat, vegetation near pastures. Helminthic invasion affects all systems and organs, without exception.

Worms
Worms

The following symptoms cause worms in humans: loss of appetite; people constantly feel sick, periodically there is a gag reflex. Stool is disturbed, abdominal pains disturb. A distinctive feature is facial swelling. Muscle pains torment; rashes appear on the skin; temperature increase.

Hookworm

Hookworms are dangerous worms in an adult. Symptoms may be severe or absent. The organs of the gastrointestinal tract (small intestine, duodenum) are affected. Infection routes: contact with soil where larvae are present; through the mouth with soil-contaminated vegetables and herbs.

Signs of worms: itchy skin allergy; coughing attacks (streaks of blood are visible in the sputum); increased body t, migraine. People feel dizzy, feel weak; soreness and aches in the bones (as with ARVI). Hungry pains torment.

After eating, the person feels sick, can vomit. Almost always, after eating, the stomach swells, stomach aches. After eating, diarrhea appears after two hours. Many, on the contrary, have constipation due to intestinal motility disorders, which are provoked by worms. A person becomes drowsy, fatigue appears even in the absence of physical activity.

Is it worth drinking pills for worms for prevention

If one of the family members has pinworms, preventive treatment of the whole family is always carried out. Considering that, very often, scraping for enterobiasis is false-negative, and among children of preschool and primary school age, the level of pinworm infection is very high, besides, the transfer of pinworm eggs is very easy - through household items, doorknobs, handshake, hair of pets, clothes of an infected child, bedding - many parents have a question - do I need to drink pills for worms for prevention?

Indication for the prophylactic intake of drugs for helminths:

  • the presence of pets;
  • constant contact with the ground (games in the sand, villagers);
  • if children permanently live in closed children's groups;
  • regular travel to exotic countries;
  • hobbies - fishing, hunting, beach volleyball, football.

Find out more:

  • Helminth worms. What worms live in a person. Types of parasites
  • How to remove worms from a person with folk remedies
  • Ascaris in adults: symptoms, treatment and prevention
  • Pinworms. Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment methods
  • Worms in a child - symptoms and treatment

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