Table of contents:
- Preparations for helminths: varieties and principle of action
- Vermox is a broad-spectrum antihelminthic agent
- Release form, composition and packaging of the drug vermox
- Indications for the use of the drug Vermox
- Vermox: principle of action
- Vermox tablets - instructions for use
- Instructions for the use of Vermox for children
- Instructions for the use of Vermox for adults
- The use of vermox medicine during pregnancy
- Side effects of Vermox medication
- Additional recommendations for the use of Vermox medication
- Analogues of the drug Vermox
- Storage conditions and price of drug vermox
Video: Vermox: Instructions For Use, Indications And Composition
2023 Author: Riley Dean | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-27 09:15
Vermox is an anthelmintic drug with a wide spectrum of action. Its high efficiency is noted for enterobiasis, ascariasis and trichocephalosis. The drug acts on the energy processes of parasites. It causes a violation of glucose consumption, ATP synthesis, depletes glycogen stores. It inhibits the synthesis of β-tubulin in helminth muscle cells, which leads to their paralysis and disruption of the function of transport systems. Has a detrimental effect on ascaris eggs, hookworm. In large doses, it is used to treat trichinosis and echinococcosis - extraintestinal helminthiasis. The drug is well tolerated.
The content of the article:
- 1 Preparations for helminths: varieties and principle of action
- 2 Vermox is a broad-spectrum antihelminthic agent
- 3 Release form, composition and packaging of Vermox drug
- 4 Indications for the use of the drug Vermox
- 5 Vermox: principle of operation
- 6 Vermox tablets - instructions for use
- 7 Instructions for the use of Vermox for children
- 8 Instructions for use of Vermox medicine for adults
- 9 The use of vermox medicine during pregnancy
- 10 Side effects of Vermox medication
- 11 Additional recommendations for the use of Vermox medication
- 12 Analogues of the drug Vermox
- 13 Storage conditions and price of drug Vermox
Preparations for helminths: varieties and principle of action
In severe cases, folk remedies for worms and parasites are likely to be powerless. In addition, they usually act only on helminths parasitizing in the intestines, while some of them can inhabit other internal organs, for example, in the liver, bile ducts and blood vessels.
Fortunately, the modern pharmaceutical industry has developed many effective synthetic agents. Therefore, now the question of how to get rid of worms with pills comes down mainly to the choice of one or another drug.
There are drugs for worms, designed specifically for the treatment of helminthiasis caused by roundworms. As a rule, these antihelminthic drugs are the safest and have the least side effects. There are also anthelmintic drugs for removing tapeworms and flukes from the body.
But many anthelmintic drugs act not on one specific type of parasite, but on several of their groups at once. Such pills for worms are called broad-spectrum anthelmintic drugs. The main dosage form of anthelmintic drugs is tablets.
Compared to herbal preparations, synthetic helminth remedies act more quickly and effectively. In addition, the principle of action of most modern medicines for worms is not to kill parasites, but to paralyze them.
However, it should be borne in mind that these drugs for worms only act against adult parasites. They are ineffective against larvae. Therefore, after the first course of taking the drug, it is recommended to conduct another course a few weeks later in order to destroy the remaining worms.
What tablets for worms should be taken, it is best to find out by consulting a doctor for advice. When choosing drugs, the doctor should take into account its contraindications, the patient's age and side effects. Not all pills against worms can be used to treat small children, as well as during pregnancy.
The use of drugs for worms of a wide spectrum is also justified because it is often difficult to determine the type of parasite. In addition, in many cases, the body is infected with helminths of various types.
There are also dosage forms such as suspensions and rectal suppositories. Suspensions are more suitable for children who find it difficult to swallow or chew a large tablet. Suppositories have fewer side effects, but their effectiveness is limited. In addition, they are powerless against parasites outside the intestines.
Vermox is a broad-spectrum antihelminthic agent
Vermox tablets are a broad-spectrum antihelminthic agent that effectively deals with various forms of helminths parasitizing in the human body.
Vermox shows the best result in the treatment of enterobiasis, ascariasis and trichocephalosis. The drug is also used for other types of helminthic invasions, the appropriateness of its use in this case is determined by the attending physician.
Vermox is one of the most modern parasite remedies. It has the lowest toxicity and rarely causes unwanted side effects.
It is very easy to get infected with a parasitic infection. Violation of the norms of personal hygiene, contact with a sick person or animal leads to the fact that uninvited "neighbors" settle in the body. At the same time, a person may not suspect for a long time that he is infected with parasites, and blame the malaise on an exacerbation of chronic diseases.
Meanwhile, helminths multiply at a tremendous speed, affect the internal organs and cause general intoxication of the body. This can lead to the most severe health consequences. Therefore, it is so important to timely identify and treat helminthic invasions.
Release form, composition and packaging of the drug vermox
Release form: tablets 6 pcs. - non-cell contoured packaging - cardboard packs. Tablets are flat-cylindrical, white or almost white, with a bevel, with the inscription "VERMOX" on one side and with a line on the other side, with a slight characteristic odor.
Composition: 5-Benzoyl-2-methoxycarbonylamino-benzimidazole. Amorphous yellowish powder, slightly soluble in water. One tablet contains 100 mg of mebendazole.
Excipients: sodium lauryl sulfate, colloidal silicon dioxide, magnesium stearate, sodium saccharinate, talc, corn starch, lactose monohydrate.
Indications for the use of the drug Vermox
Vermox has a wide spectrum of action.
Treatment of helminthic invasions, such as:
- enterobiasis: a disease caused by intestinal parasitic worms, pinworms;
- ascariasis: a disease caused by large round worms, roundworms;
- hookworm infection: a disease caused by hookworm worms and leading to anemia;
- trichocephalosis: a disease caused by the whipworm roundworm, leading to severe disorders in the gastrointestinal tract;
- teniasis: infection with pork tapeworm larvae, resulting in anemia. Mixed helminthiases (helminthic invasions of several types).
- capillariasis: caused by parasites from the capillaria family;
- gnatostomiasis: caused by nematode roundworms and is characterized by skin lesions.
Vermox: principle of action
Vermox from worms has a high antiparasitic activity. The active substance of the drug - mebendazole, acts mainly on the energy processes occurring in the cells of parasites.
When ingested, it causes irreversible changes in glucose processing. Due to this, the reserves of glycogen in the tissues of helminths are depleted and the synthesis of cellular tubulin and ATP, which are necessary for the vital activity of parasites, stops. As a result, helminths die within 2-3 days from the start of taking the drug.
Vermox has a detrimental effect not only on adults, but also on eggs and larvae of parasites. Moreover, it is well tolerated, since it is almost not absorbed in the intestines. This avoids the systemic effect of the drug on vital organs.
The active substance accumulates mainly in the liver, adipose tissue, in helminth larvae. It is excreted from the body in 2.5 - 5 hours, metabolized in the liver. Up to 90% of the drug is excreted in the feces, the rest is excreted by the kidneys.
Vermox tablets - instructions for use
Depending on the diagnosis, the dosage and duration of taking the drug change: In case of enterobiasis, adults are prescribed 1 tablet once orally, with repeated administration after 2 and 4 weeks to prevent recurrence of the disease.
In case of ascariasis, trichocephalosis, teniasis and mixed helminthiasis, the intake is set in this mode: 1 tablet in the morning and in the evening, for 3 days.
Treatment is carried out only under the supervision of a physician.
If Vermox is prescribed for the treatment of trichinosis, then its dosage is 400 mg 3 times a day, for 3 days, and from 4 to 10 days - 5 tablets 3 times a day. Particular attention should be paid to monitoring the state of the liver.
Instructions for the use of Vermox for children
In the warm season, babies are in danger of infection with worms. The child can meet with them in the sandbox, on the seashore, on the sides of ripe fruits and on the wool of yard puppies and kittens.
From an early age, parents teach children to wash their hands after going to the toilet and outside. However, the likelihood of infection with worms is still high. If this does happen, Vermox can help the parents.
With enterobiasis: with enterobiasis, children from 2 to 5 years old are prescribed a quarter of a tablet once, with repeated administration of the same dose after two and four weeks, in order to avoid re-infection.
Children from 5 to 10 years old are prescribed half a tablet for taking once, and also re-taking after two and four weeks. For children over 10 years of age, a single dose is prescribed 1 tablet by mouth, with repeated doses after two and four weeks.
With other types of helminthiasis: with other types of helminthiasis, except for enterobiasis, the dosage is changed by 1 tablet twice a day, for 3 days. The drug is taken orally with a little water.
It is best to conduct anthelmintic therapy with all family members in order to achieve maximum effect. Then you will be sure that the parasites are finally defeated. Since the active substance of the drug most strongly affects the child's liver, while taking Vermox, the baby needs to adhere to a diet that excludes fatty and spicy foods.
For a child under two years old, the doctor prescribes the dosage individually, prescribing the drug only if its positive effect exceeds the negative effect from side effects. In children, nausea, vomiting, and allergic reactions are most often observed.
After anthelmintic therapy, many experts recommend supporting treatment for 10 days, prescribing choleretic drugs and sorbents to the child. It will be useful to remind that antihelminthic drugs should be prescribed to a child only by a pediatrician or gastroenterologist, and not by a mother.
Instructions for the use of Vermox for adults
This modern effective drug is taken mainly once, sometimes within 3 days. When treating, observe a hygiene regime (wash your hands constantly, bed linen and towels require daily replacement) to avoid re-infection with helminths or laid eggs.
Treatment is mandatory for all family members, regardless of whether the body is infected or not. Seven days after the start of treatment, control tests are taken in the laboratory. It is strictly forbidden to take alcoholic beverages during the course of treatment with Vermox.
The dosage and duration of treatment are established by a gastroenterologist.
Patients with diabetes mellitus should consult their doctor to revise the daily dose of insulin, the effect of the drug reduces the need for insulin intake. It is applied inside with boiled water.
The usual rates for treatment are:
- enterobiasis: 100 mg once, for adults and children over 10 years old, children from 2 to 10, one-time 25-50 mg as prescribed by a doctor;
- trichinosis: 200-400 mg three times a day for 3 days, from the 4th to the 10th - 400-500 mg three times a day according to the intended leaf;
- echinococcosis: 500 mg twice a day from the 1st to the 3rd day, from the 4th to the 6th - the number of doses three times a day;
- with trichocephalosis, ascariasis, ankylostomiasis, strongyloidiasis, teniasis and other helminthiasis: 100 mg twice a day for 3 days.
The use of vermox medicine during pregnancy
During the first 12 weeks of pregnancy, a woman is not recommended to take any medications, so as not to disrupt the laying of the main organs and systems of the unborn baby. Some drugs cannot cross the placental barrier and do not affect the unborn child when administered after 16 weeks (by this time the placenta is fully formed).
The active substance of Vermox is for the most part active in the intestine and is excreted with feces, however, 10% of the drug is still absorbed into the bloodstream and can pass through the placenta to the fetus. There is no information about the occurrence of malformations in an unborn child after taking Vermox, but such an influence cannot be completely ruled out.
From the point of view of the effect on the body of a pregnant woman, the appointment of Vermox is also extremely controversial. After all, first of all, the drug affects the digestive system, and, as you know, it is the liver and intestines that are the vulnerable spot of the pregnant woman. The most dangerous effect for a pregnant woman is called a decrease in the level of erythrocytes and hemoglobin, and the development of anemia under the influence of this drug.
With hemoglobin, oxygen is delivered to the internal organs of the woman and the fetus. If there is an insufficient supply of it, oxygen starvation develops, which causes disturbances in the nervous system of the unborn baby.
This is very important, therefore, pregnant women in particular should not self-medicate. Therefore, based on the harm that side effects of the drug can cause a pregnant woman and an unborn child, Vermox is contraindicated during pregnancy.
Side effects of Vermox medication
In general, the drug is well tolerated, but in some cases it can cause allergic reactions. They are manifested by rashes on the skin, itching. In severe situations, toxic necrolysis of the epidermis and anaphylactic reactions (Quincke's edema) may occur.
On the part of the digestive system, nausea, vomiting, discomfort and painful abdominal cramps, upset stools (diarrhea) occur. In addition to dyspeptic symptoms, yellowness of the skin and sclera may appear. On the part of the nervous system, complaints of dizziness, headaches, weakness, and drowsiness were noted.
Unlike other anthelmintic drugs, Vermox practically does not provoke adverse reactions from various body systems.
With long-term use of the drug in large doses, such reactions as changes in blood counts, disorders of the urinary system, symptoms of hepatitis, and hair loss are possible.
Additional recommendations for the use of Vermox medication
With long-term use of Vermox, the doctor must definitely monitor blood counts and liver and kidney function. In patients with diabetes mellitus, it is necessary to monitor the concentration of sugar in the blood, since the drug contains saccharinate.
Vermox is incompatible with alcohol, as ethanol increases the toxic effect of the drug on the liver. During the day after taking the medication, you should refrain from drinking alcohol, as well as fatty and heavy foods.
Since drowsiness and dizziness may occur after taking the drug, special care must be taken when driving a vehicle.
After the end of the course of treatment, it is necessary to re-pass feces tests for research. Therapy is considered effective only when laboratory tests confirm the absence of helminths from their eggs and larvae.
Analogues of the drug Vermox
Among the analogues of Vermox in terms of the active substance, one can name such agents as Mebendazole, Vormin, Vero - Mebendazole. In addition, there is an extensive list of drugs with identical therapeutic effects. Among them, the most demanded are: Dekaris; Albendazole; Nemozole; Pirantel.
These funds differ from Vermox in composition, have different contraindications and side effects. Therefore, if Vermox did not suit you, only the attending physician can choose the best analogue option. It is dangerous to engage in self-medication, since this approach threatens with dangerous complications, or the lack of a therapeutic effect.
Sometimes infectious disease specialists use these drugs in a complex manner. That is, for the purpose of paralyzing helminths, Dekaris is prescribed, and Vermox is used to completely destroy them. Such a therapy regimen for certain parasitic infections is much more effective than monotherapy, but the question of its appropriateness must be decided by a specialist.
It is difficult to give a definite answer to the question of which is better, Dekaris or Vermox. Dekaris is most effective in ascariasis, besides, a feature of this agent is the stimulation of immunity.
Another plus of Dekaris is that it is prescribed once, while Vermox, in the treatment of certain helminthic invasions, has to be taken for a long time, for several days or even weeks.
Storage conditions and price of drug vermox
The price of Vermox tablets is quite affordable. The drug can be purchased over the counter without a prescription. The cost of a package containing 6 tablets of 100 mg each ranges from 90 to 130 rubles.
Do not use after the expiration date printed on the package.
The drug should be stored out of the reach of children at a temperature of 15 ° to 30 ° C. The shelf life is 5 years. The drug is available by prescription.
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