Table of contents:
- Signs of worms. How can you get infected with worms
- How common and unsafe are worms
- What are the signs to recognize helminthic invasion
- In what organs can parasites live?
- Signs of worms. Methods for diagnosing helminthiasis
- Symptoms of worms depending on the type of parasite
- Signs of worms. How to recover from parasites
- Tablets for worms during pregnancy
- Signs of worms. Is it worth drinking pills for worms for prevention
Video: Signs Of Worms In An Adult. Symptoms
Signs of worms. In nature, there are a huge number of various parasites that now and then try to penetrate the human body. The first signs of worms in adults may resemble other common diseases such as poisoning or SARS. Timely treatment of helminthic invasion is a guarantee that the disease will not leave any consequences for your health. Worms are parasites of humans and animals belonging to the class of flat or round worms. Worms have a fairly common structure.
In their own development, worms traditionally go through several stages: testicle - larva - adult. Most of all, human infection with worms occurs when he swallows the eggs of the worms. From the swallowed eggs in the human intestinal tract, larvae quickly hatch, which begin to migrate to the place of their permanent life, where they are transformed into adults. In the process of movement, almost all helminths make true "travel" through the human body. Only a few parasites (for example, pinworms) hatch from eggs in the intestinal tract, remain there.
Usually, the destruction of tissues and organs and the symptoms caused by larvae and other developing forms of helminths during movement are the most pronounced, in comparison with the symptoms are caused by mature forms of parasites. As we said above, adult worms traditionally have a stable localization in the body, and their developing forms more often migrate to different organs and tissues, while their path of movement is often rather complicated.
For example, with ascariasis, a person becomes infected by eating foods contaminated with worm eggs (ascaris eggs ripen in the ground). In the cavity of the intestinal tract, larvae hatch from ascaris eggs, which, within a couple of hours, enter the blood vessels through the wall of the intestinal tract and are carried into the lungs with blood flow.
With ascariasis, a person becomes infected by eating foods contaminated with worm eggs (ascaris eggs ripen in the ground)
In the lungs, ascaris larvae grow and mature. The growing larva slowly gnaws into the adjoining bronchi and crawls along them, first into the trachea, and then into the oral cavity, where it is again swallowed and carried away into the intestinal tract. The roundworm larva, which has again entered the intestinal tract, is transformed into an adult worm.
Pulmonary migration of ascaris larvae is manifested by an abundance of symptoms (cough, asthma attacks, an increase in body temperature, an allergic rash on the skin), and the presence of a small number of adult worms in the intestinal tract may not be manifested in any way.
The content of the article:
- 1 Signs of worms. How can you get infected with worms
- 2 How common and unsafe are worms
3 By what signs to recognize helminthic invasion
- 3.1 Infectious diseases as a result of decreased immunity
- 3.2 General malaise as a result of intoxication of the body
- 3.3 Signs of worms. Allergic reactions, pathologies of the skin
- 3.4 Gastrointestinal disorders
- 4 In what organs can parasites live
- 5 Signs of worms. Methods for diagnosing helminthiasis
- 6 Symptoms of worms depending on the type of parasite
7 Signs of worms. How to recover from parasites
7.1 Treatment of nematodes (pinworms, roundworms, etc.)
- 8 Tablets for worms during pregnancy
- 9 Signs of worms. Is it worth drinking pills for worms for prevention
Signs of worms. How can you get infected with worms
Signs of worms. To protect yourself, you need to know about 4 ways of spreading and infection with worm eggs:
- Through soil and water - geohelminthiases. They develop in sand, soil and water, then enter the human body and begin to lay eggs there. Further, the eggs of the worm get into the external environment together with excrement and wait in the wings to infect a new person. Eating poorly washed vegetables and fruits, dirty hands, dust on food can lead to human infection with geohelminths. Some parasite eggs enter the human body through the skin of the feet and ankles.
- Through direct contact. Worms in pets and humans are transmitted through hand contact, games, and joint activities.
- Through the use of contaminated food of animal origin - biohelminthiasis. Eating raw and poorly processed meat (shashlik, bacon, meat preserves, home-made game) and fish (sushi, dried fish, fish preserves) is potentially dangerous. There is a possibility of infection with intestinal infections and biohelminths.
- With insect bites. This type of infection is rare. This includes intestinal myiasis, cantariasis, and scoleciasis. Do not confuse parasite eggs and insect larvae, which are also deposited under animal skins and human skin (for example, gadfly larvae).
How common and unsafe are worms
The data of modern epidemiological studies have revealed that every 4 people around the world are infected with worms. The incidence of infection with worms is significantly higher in children than in adults.
In children and adults, worms can become a prerequisite for various acquired diseases of internal organs (gastritis, pancreatitis, enterocolitis, cholecystitis), and from time to time lead to the development of unsafe complications and death.
According to the Global Health Organization and the Global Bank, helminthic diseases rank 4th in terms of economic harm among all other diseases and injuries.
Signs of worms. In the CIS, there are more than 15 types of worms, of which enterobiasis (about 90% in the group of patients with worm diseases), ascariasis (70%), opisthorchiasis, diphyllobothriasis, trichocephalosis (60%), toxocariasis (60%), hymenolepiasis are more common. As it becomes clear from the statistical data, almost all sick (especially children) are simultaneously infected with several forms of worms.
What are the signs to recognize helminthic invasion
The presence of some types of worms in the body is easy enough to determine. For example, the intestines are the main habitat for roundworms and pinworms. These worms will certainly be excreted along with the feces. Ascariasis is accompanied by intense itching in the anal area, frequent bloating, and upset stools, since worms in the process of their vital activity release powerful allergens into the environment, and also injure the intestinal walls, leading to their inflammation.
Signs of the appearance of worms in humans are obvious and hidden. The obvious ones include "unreasonable" weight loss, pale appearance (anemia of the skin), chronic fatigue, nighttime itching in the anal area. These manifestations are well known and are indicative of contamination.
Cases of helminthic invasion are not uncommon, in which diseases of the internal organs are aggravated, diseases that have not previously manifested themselves occur. These are considered hidden signs. A person is taken to the treatment of many diseases, and the cause is ignored. At the same time, therapy does not bring results. Here are examples of such cases:
Infectious diseases as a result of decreased immunity
Signs of worms. Parasites, being in the human body, consume many nutrients and release toxic substances. Such circumstances significantly reduce the patient's immunity. An exacerbation of chronic diseases, various inflammatory processes in the nasopharynx may begin.
Parasites, being in the human body, consume many nutrients and release toxic substances. Such circumstances significantly reduce the patient's immunity.
Treatment of sinusitis or stomatitis in the standard way is pointless. It is important to rule out the cause. In girls and women, inflammation of the appendages of the uterus, vulvovaginitis, vaginosis of various origins can often begin.
Popular signs say: if a person snores or grinds his teeth in a dream, it means that he needs to be treated for parasites. But this information is not confirmed by medical science.
General malaise as a result of intoxication of the body
The more serious the helminthic invasion of the patient, the more harmful substances the parasites release. This has a detrimental effect on the well-being and the nervous system of adults and children. An example of this is migraine, dizziness, joint pain.
Overcoming the nausea, the person takes painkillers, but the pains return after a short time: the cause of the discomfort was ignored.
In children, disorders of the nervous system are accompanied by irritability, apathy, and aggressiveness. If your child begins to sleep poorly, to talk in a dream, to have nightmares, or has slipped into school, then it's time to start preventing helminthiasis.
Signs of worms. Allergic reactions, pathologies of the skin
The waste products of worms are perceived as triggers of allergens. Skin reactions (rash, itching, rashes, peeling of the skin) are the minimum of symptoms that can occur with the onset of an allergy.
Depending on the severity of the infection, symptoms can vary from mild to severe forms of the disorder. From mild nausea and diarrhea, to chronic flatulence, constipation, vomiting, pain in the navel and hypochondrium. Worms in tissues do not affect the gastrointestinal tract as much as intestinal parasites. There is a possibility of general reactions of the body: exacerbation of asthma, rhinitis, cough. Sometimes helminthic invasion is accompanied by fragility and hair loss, cracking of the skin on the heels, and peeling of nails.
In what organs can parasites live?
Signs of worms. Worm parasites are divided into two categories, which correspond to the site of activity in the donor's body.
- Cavitary - worms that live in various parts of the gastrointestinal tract. There are about 100 varieties of intestinal parasites, and there are a couple of dozen species for each section of the intestine. The small intestine is ready to accept roundworm, antilostomy, broad tapeworms and other less common "brethren". The small intestine "will share living space" with pinworms, dwarf tapeworm and others. The medical literature describes cases when one person was simultaneously infected with several types of parasites.
- Tissue - worms localized in organs, tissues and even in the blood. Modern medicine successfully copes with paragonimiasis (lungs), cysticercosis (brain), echinococcosis (liver) and filariasis (lymphatic vessels). Some larvae of worms move through the body through the circulatory system and randomly attach to any organ. If many eggs are introduced, the entire body may be infected.
Signs of worms. Methods for diagnosing helminthiasis
To identify worms in the body of an adult, ovoscopy is most often used. This study consists in the analysis of feces for eggs of worms, which parasitize in the organs of the digestive system. Unfortunately, it is not always possible to get one hundred percent results, since not all worms systematically lay eggs.
Signs of worms. A more accurate result can be achieved using a histological coprogram, which consists in microscopic examination of thin sections of feces. Thanks to this study, it is possible to clearly identify parts of the bodies of the worms, as well as their eggs. As a result, it is possible not only to diagnose helminthiasis, but also to determine the type of identified parasites.
If there is a suspicion of localization of helminths in the lungs, an X-ray is indicated. In addition, a sputum test is performed. To check for parasites in the liver, brain, or kidneys, a CT scan or ultrasound is done. To diagnose helminths in the blood, a general blood test is done. Immunological tests can also be performed for this purpose.
Symptoms of worms depending on the type of parasite
Symptoms will differ for different types of worms in humans. It is also worth considering the duration and strength of the infection with parasites, the general condition of the patient before infection. The table below summarizes the main symptoms of the presence of worms in humans by their type.
|Parasite type (disease)||Method of infection||Symptoms||Time of onset of symptoms|
|Pinworms (enterobiasis)||With food of plant origin.||Nocturnal itching around the anus, the presence of parasites in the feces, sharp short-term pain in the navel.||2-3 days after infection|
|Vlasoglav (trichocephalosis)||With contaminated food prepared in unsanitary conditions.||Symptoms are expressed only with severe invasion: diarrhea, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, inflammation of the appendix. In children, the growth of the body can be delayed and even rectal prolapse may occur.||Few weeks|
|Broad tapeworm (diphyllobothriasis)||When eating infected river fish.||This parasite can live up to 25 years inside the patient. Mechanical damage to the intestines, vitamin deficiency, intestinal obstruction, intoxication of the body, allergies.||Few weeks|
|Roundworm (hookworm)||When walking barefoot on charged soil.||Itching, swelling of the feet and legs where the parasite enters. Cough, phlegm, bronchial and lung damage. Weakness, dizziness. The menstrual cycle in women is disturbed. Men have impotence.||Several days|
|Ascaris (ascariasis)||With food of plant origin.||Pain in the intestines, peritonitis, bronchitis, pneumonia, liver disease, pancreas. May cause suffocation by crawling from the gastrointestinal tract into the esophagus or airways.||About 3 months|
|Trichinella (Trichinosis)||Poorly processed meat, lard.||Nausea and bouts of heartburn, diarrhea.||2 days|
|Hepatic and giant fluke (fascioliasis)||Plant food and water.||Fever, dry cough, loss of appetite, abdominal pain.||2-4 weeks|
Signs of worms. How to recover from parasites
Self-medication is not recommended. In our country, about 60 types of worms are widespread, and for each it is necessary to select the appropriate preparations. Usually, doctors use 10 types of drugs and their analogues, according to the type of helminths. These medicines have a mild detoxifying effect on the patient's body.
Therefore, taking medications should be carried out for sure, when all tests have been passed and the identification of parasites has been passed. Some drugs, acting on the eggs of worms, do not affect adults. And vice versa. Therefore, with self-medication, you need to carefully read the instructions for the medicine.
Usually, with helminthic invasions, 2-3 repeated courses are prescribed at once. This is due to the high likelihood of reinfection (reinfection).
Treatment of nematodes (pinworms, roundworms, etc.)
|Basic medicine (active ingredient)||Release form||Price||Analogue||Release form||Price|
|Piperazine (as Piperazine adipate)||pills||from 9 rub.||Piperazine-Darnitsa||Oral solution [for children], tablets||From 30 rubles.|
|Pirantel.||Oral suspension, film-coated tablets||From 29 rubles.||(1) Helmintox, (2) Combantrine, (3) Nemocide||(1) Oral suspension, film-coated tablets. (2) Oral suspension, film-coated tablets. (3) Oral suspension, film-coated tablets||(1) From 69 rub. (2) From 20 rubles. (3) From 150 rubles.|
|Mebendazole||Tablets, suspension, baby syrup||From 20 rubles.||Vermox, Vermacar, Mebex, Vero-Mebendazole, Thermox, Wormin||Tablets, suspension, baby syrup||From 20 rubles.|
|Albendazole||pills||From 195 rub.||Nemozol, Gelmodol-VM, Vormil||Tablets, suspension, baby syrup||From 166 rub.|
|Levamisole||pills||From 100 rubles.||Dekaris||pills||From 80 rubles.|
|Carbendacim||pills||From 80 rubles.||Medamin||pills||From 80 rubles.|
Tablets for worms during pregnancy
The fact that every person can have worms is a well-known fact, especially in weakened people. Even if parasites are found in a pregnant woman, taking medications in the 1st trimester is contraindicated. The drugs are so toxic that the drugs themselves can cause more harm, and not the helminthic invasion. Tablets for worms during pregnancy can be taken only as directed by a doctor and only Piperazine is allowed for use:
- with roundworms - 2 r / day for 1 hour or 1 hour after meals for 2 days in a row, the dose is 1.5-2 g.
- with pinworms - the same dose for 5 days in a row, then a week break, 1-3 courses of therapy.
Do not worry if pinworms are found in a pregnant woman. If you follow the rules of personal hygiene, even if infected with these helminths, self-healing is possible, since pinworms live only a few weeks.
Signs of worms. If, after infection, hygiene is not observed, the risk of self-infection (reinfection) is very high, and careful hygiene and steaming of underwear will save a pregnant woman from taking toxic drugs from worms. Therefore, in order to avoid infection or reinfection with worms, you should:
- wash hands thoroughly with soap after using the toilet
- wash your hands after changing your underwear
- just before a meal (even a snack)
- after contact with animals
- wash vegetables and fruits thoroughly
Signs of worms. Is it worth drinking pills for worms for prevention
If one of the family members has pinworms, preventive treatment of the whole family is always carried out. Considering that, very often, scraping for enterobiasis is false-negative, and among children of preschool and primary school age, the level of pinworm infection is very high, besides, the transfer of pinworm eggs is very easy - through household items, doorknobs, handshake, hair of pets, clothes of an infected child, bedding - many parents have a question - do I need to drink pills for worms for prevention?
Signs of worms. Here the opinion of experts is divided. Some believe that this is not advisable, because after drinking the medicine today, infection can occur tomorrow.
In addition to observing the rules of personal hygiene, intimate hygiene, washing hands after using the toilet, before eating, after the street, changing daily underwear in the morning, it is not advisable to make any preventive treatment of enterobiasis with tablets.
Preparations for helminths are very toxic and once again unnecessarily load the body, especially for children, is not advisable. Except perhaps that the use of raw pumpkin seeds or recipes of traditional medicine with garlic.
Others insist that if the family has children of preschool and primary school age, Pirantel should be taken prophylactically every six months, since in close children's groups, pinworm infection is very high, the reliability of scraping is weak, and the symptoms are sometimes mild.
If scraping for enterobiasis gives a negative result, and the child sometimes complains of itching in the anus (1-2 days then after 2-3 weeks), nausea, abdominal pain, you can be tested for enterobiasis on the very morning when the child complained at night on itching and did not sleep well.
And repeat the scraping 3 times, every other day and after 2 weeks, then the result will be more reliable. If pinworms are found in someone in the family, it is recommended that all family members be treated.
Signs of worms. Indication for the prophylactic intake of drugs for helminths:
- Constant contact with the ground (games in the sand, villagers)
- If children permanently live in closed children's groups
- Regular travel to exotic countries
- Hobbies - fishing, hunting, beach volleyball, football, etc.
Find out more:
- Worms in humans - symptoms, diagnosis, treatment
- Worms in children: folk remedies and treatment methods
- Helminth worms. What worms live in a person. Types of parasites
- Worms - folk remedies - recipes