Table of contents:
- What is helminthiasis and how dangerous it is
- How parasites enter the human body
- Symptoms of the presence of parasites in the body
- Preparations for helminths: varieties and principle of action - Remedy for parasites
- The most effective drugs for parasites
- Comprehensive treatment for parasites
- Rules for taking drugs
- Prevention of infection with helminths
- Preventive cleaning of parasites
Video: Remedy For Parasites In The Human Body - TOP-10 Drugs
2023 Author: Riley Dean | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-05-24 12:07
Remedy for parasites. The choice of anthelmintic drugs is now so great that your eyes simply run up. Manufacturers promise an instant and miraculous effect, but such an amazing result calls into question the veracity of the words written in the instructions. In fact, is there a universal remedy for parasites in the human body? How to make the right choice? Should we focus on the cost of the drug?
The content of the article:
- 1 What is helminthiasis and how dangerous it is
- 2 How parasites enter the human body
- 3 Symptoms of the presence of parasites in the body
- 4 Preparations for helminths: varieties and principle of action - Remedy for parasites
5 The most effective drugs for parasites
- 5.1 Remedy for parasites - Pirantel
- 5.2 Remedy for parasites - Dekaris
- 5.3 Preparations based on benzimidazoles
- 5.4 Remedy for parasites - Vermox
- 5.5 Parasite Remedy - Praziquantel
- 6 Comprehensive treatment for parasites
- 7 Rules for taking drugs
- 8 Prevention of helminth infection
- 9 Preventive cleaning of parasites
What is helminthiasis and how dangerous it is
In total, there are several hundred species of parasitic worms in nature that are dangerous to humans. Of these, about 70 can be found in Russia.
Parasites can enter the body in different ways. By this parameter, they can be divided into three main groups:
- living in the external environment - land, water bodies
- entering the human body through intermediaries - domestic animals
- entering the human body through contact with other people
Thus, there are a lot of opportunities to pick up parasites in humans. For example, they can get into our body from pets - cats and dogs, through unwashed hands, unboiled water, poorly cooked meat, etc.
There are two main groups of parasitic worms - round and flat. Round species include pinworms and roundworms. Flat, in turn, are divided into tapeworms and flukes. Typically, a flatworm infection is the most dangerous and most difficult to treat.
Helminthiasis or worms affecting a person is an extremely unpleasant disease. It leads to intoxication of the body and its depletion, weakens its defenses. Therefore, helminthiasis requires careful treatment.
How parasites enter the human body
Infection with worms (helminthic invasion) is a dangerous disease for humans. The host's body gives off nutrients, vitamins and necessary elements to parasites, and itself acquires health problems. Human roundworm and pinworms eat the host's food from the intestines, or absorb proteins, fats, and carbohydrates from it.
Helminths deprive a person of vitamins, microelements: they take vitamins A and C from food, and if they are lacking, they suck them out of organs and tissues. Hookworms suck blood through the walls of the human intestine.
Helminths that live in the intestine injure the walls due to the fact that they are attached with the help of the oral cavity with teeth. As a result, those useful and necessary substances that the host uses are used for the growth and development of parasites.
Remedy for parasites. Helminths secrete substances called toxoids that are foreign to the human body. Dysbacteriosis, eating disorders accompanied by bloating, diarrhea, and pain arise from toxoids in the intestines. In the lungs, toxoids cause asthma attacks, coughing.
When there is a general understanding of the danger of helminths living in the human body, it becomes clear that it is necessary to treat parasites in the human body.
Helminths are excreted with medication or by folk methods. Pharmacy drugs that relieve worms are toxic and have contraindications. Therefore, resort to them when there are too many parasites in the body. At the initial stage of infection, folk remedies for parasites in the human body will give the result.
Remedy for parasites. Folk remedies for parasites and medicines will not solve the problem forever. After being treated, a person will become infected again if he neglects the rules of personal hygiene, poorly handling food and contacting patients. The reason is the "circulation" of parasites in nature.
Parasitic worms live in the body of animals, fish and humans. Females lay about 240,000 eggs daily. The eggs of the parasites enter food processing products and are released into the environment.
The shell of helminth eggs consists of three layers, it is resistant to temperatures up to - 20 ° C, chlorine. The larva in the egg can be in a "frozen" state for up to 1 year before the onset of favorable conditions.
Ascaris, pinworms, toxocar, hookworms are fatal to eggs - temperatures from 60 ° C, direct sunlight, ultraviolet light, drying out from dehydration. At 70 ° C, eggs are destroyed in 10 seconds.
In the warm season, getting into the soil, the larva develops and matures. Through unwashed hands, vegetables and fruits, dirty water, the eggs of parasites enter the intestines, where the shell dissolves under the influence of juices and the larva emerges.
Bovine tapeworm eggs, roundworms travel through the circulatory system of animals and fish and can enter the human body through uncooked meat or fish.
Parasite eggs enter the human body through food and water. The source of parasite infestation can be:
- Unwashed vegetables and fruits (roundworms and pinworms).
- Contaminated meat food that has not been properly cooked (tapeworms).
- Earth - if walking barefoot (nematodes).
- Contaminated water.
- Unwashed hands.
Symptoms of the presence of parasites in the body
- frequent constipation and diarrhea,
- smell from the mouth,
- weakness, feeling unwell,
- increased appetite,
- weight loss,
- bruises under the eyes.
Preparations for helminths: varieties and principle of action - Remedy for parasites
Remedy for parasites. Previously, herbal remedies were used as preparations for worms. For example, it has long been known that plants such as fern, tansy, and mayhem are useful in treating parasites in the human body. Eating foods such as pumpkin seeds and garlic can also help with helminthiasis.
But in severe cases, these remedies for worms and parasites are likely to be powerless. In addition, they usually act only on helminths parasitizing in the intestines, while some of them can inhabit other internal organs, for example, in the liver, bile ducts and blood vessels.
Fortunately, the modern pharmaceutical industry has developed many effective synthetic agents. Therefore, now the question of how to get rid of worms with pills comes down mainly to the choice of one or another drug.
There are drugs for worms, designed specifically for the treatment of helminthiasis caused by roundworms. As a rule, these antihelminthic drugs are the safest and have the least side effects. There are also anthelmintic drugs for removing tapeworms and flukes from the body.
But many anthelmintic drugs act not on one specific type of parasite, but on several of their groups at once. Such pills for worms are called broad-spectrum anthelmintic drugs.
Compared to herbal preparations, synthetic helminth remedies act more quickly and effectively. In addition, the principle of action of most modern medicines for worms is not to kill parasites, but to paralyze them. This is achieved thanks to special substances in antiglust preparations, which block the functioning of the neuromuscular system of worms.
However, it should be borne in mind that these drugs for worms only act against adult parasites. They are ineffective against larvae. Therefore, after the first course of taking the drug, it is recommended to conduct another course a few weeks later in order to destroy the remaining worms.
The use of drugs for worms of a wide spectrum is also justified because it is often difficult to determine the type of parasite. In addition, in many cases, the body is infected with helminths of various types.
Also, in some cases, it is recommended to take pills for worms for prevention. For example, in the event that you have to travel to exotic countries, or some family member or pet suffers from helminthiasis.
However, it hardly makes sense to drink pills for helminths just like that, just in case, since most of them are quite toxic and are not recommended for long-term use.
Remedy for parasites. What tablets for worms should be taken, it is best to find out by consulting a doctor for advice. When choosing drugs, the doctor should take into account its contraindications, the patient's age and side effects. Not all pills against worms can be used to treat small children, as well as during pregnancy.
The main dosage form of antihelminthic drugs is tablets. There are also dosage forms such as suspensions and rectal suppositories. Suspensions are more suitable for children who find it difficult to swallow or chew a large tablet. Suppositories have fewer side effects, but their effectiveness is limited. In addition, they are powerless against parasites outside the intestines.
The most effective drugs for parasites
Worm pills are usually made with the following compounds:
Consider a few popular drugs:
Parasite remedy - Pirantel
These tablets for worms contain pyrantel pamoate as an active substance. Pirantel is prescribed for various diseases - trichocephalosis, ankylostomiasis, ascariasis and enterobiasis, noncatorosis, ankylostomiasis, trichurosis.
The medicine should be taken once a day. The tablet must be chewed and washed down with water.
With ascariasis and enterobiasis, a single dose will be enough, with other types of helminthiasis, the course can last 2-3 days. For some diseases, a repeated course of admission is recommended after 3 weeks.
Pirantel is a relatively low-toxic tablet for worms, so it can be used for young children (up to 6 months). For these, it is best to use a suspension rather than a tablet.
Dosage for different groups of patients:
- 6 months-2 years - 125 mg
- 2-6 years - 250 mg
- 6-12 years old - 500 mg
- patients over 12 years old weighing up to 75 kg - 750 mg
- patients weighing over 75 kg - 1000 mg
Worm tablets are taken regardless of food intake. Not recommended for pregnancy, but in exceptional cases can be used. The complete analogue of the drug is Helmintox.
Remedy for parasites - Decaris
Dekaris - effective tablets for worms, which contain the active ingredient levomizole. The dosage of the drug is 150 and 50 mg. Indications - ankylostomiasis, ascariasis, necatorosis, enterobiasis and some other helminthic invasions.
Dekaris is a single-use antihelminthic agent for people. As a rule, one 150 mg tablet is sufficient for treatment. For children, a 50 mg tablet is prescribed, or the dosage can be calculated based on the child's weight - 2.5 mg per kg of body weight.
However, these worm pills are not suitable for children under 3 years of age. They are also contraindicated for pregnant and lactating women. Agranulocytosis is an absolute contraindication, therefore, a blood test must be taken before taking the drug.
Possible side effects include allergic reactions, negative gastrointestinal symptoms, headaches, and insomnia.
In severe cases, the duration of the course of treatment can be set individually by the doctor. After the first course of admission, a prophylactic course can be carried out two weeks later.
Preparations based on benzimidazoles
Albendazole, nemozol, vermox, vormil, mebendazole - tablets for worms with a similar effect. The substance that is part of their composition blocks the process of absorption of food in parasites, and they die. It is used against nematodes, cestodes, trematodes, and tissue parasites.
The medicine is available in a dosage of 400 mg. Children are prescribed a dose based on their weight - 6 mg per kg of body weight. Contraindications - lactation and pregnancy, age up to 2 years, retinal diseases.
Like many other anthelmintic drugs, these worm pills must be chewed in the mouth. The course of treatment depends on the degree of the disease, in severe cases it can last a month.
Remedy for parasites - Vermox
With trichinosis, the drug is taken three times a day at 400 mg, from 4 to 10 days the dose is increased to 500 mg. For mixed invasions, ascariasis, teniasis, trichocephalosis - 1 tablet 2 times a day for 3 days.
With enterobiasis, take once a day. The dose for children 2-5 years old - 25 mg, children 6-10 years old - 50 mg, children over 10 years old and adults - 100 mg. After 2 weeks, the course is repeated.
These tablets for worms are recommended to be taken after meals. Contraindications - ulcerative colitis, liver failure, Crohn's disease.
Parasite Remedy - Praziquantel
Praziquantel - broad-spectrum tablets for adults and children over 4 years old. It is used in case of detection of trematodes, pulmonary and hepatic flukes, whipworms, hookworms, with cestodosis, schistosomiasis, cysticercosis and neurocysticercosis, teniasis, ascariasis, mixed invasions. Active against extraintestinal parasites.
The dosage depends on the disease. With genitourinary schistosomiasis, lesions of the veins of the abdominal cavity and intestinal schistosomiasis - 40 mg / kg body. The drug is taken once.
If other veins are affected, 30 mg / kg twice a day. Severe schistosomiasis is treated with a daily dose of 60-75 mg / kg. Reception three times, with a 6-hour break.
Flukes are treated with a daily dose of 25 mg / kg, three times. For the treatment of trematodes, 75 mg / kg per day is required for 3 doses, cestode - 10-25 mg, single dose.
The duration of the course of drug treatment usually does not exceed 1 day. Paragonimiasis is treated for 2 days (25 mg per day, three doses), cysticercosis - up to 4 days (50 mg, three doses).
Tablets for worms are quite toxic, so side effects are possible when taken. However, they are rare, except when the patient exceeds the prescribed dosage. This remedy is contraindicated in liver failure and in the first trimester of pregnancy.
Comprehensive treatment for parasites
Herbal anthelmintic preparations are successfully used to cleanse the body of worms. In addition, these drugs against worms strengthen the body's defenses and restore the disturbed intestinal microflora.
- Troichetka. A medicine based on tansy, cloves and wormwood. The entire composition has a detrimental effect on adult parasites, as well as on larvae and eggs, removes bile, relieves inflammation. Capsules are taken before meals twice a day. Anthelmintic can be given to children from 3 years old.
- Evalar transit. It improves the functioning of the digestive tract, removes toxins from the body, improves the intestinal microflora.
- Bactefort is released in the form of drops. Improves the intestinal microflora, removes toxins, strengthens the immune system and leads to the death of helminths. It contains such natural ingredients as wormwood, tansy, meadowsweet, peppermint extract. Adults take 20 drops in the morning before meals.
- Anthelmintic Intoxic consists of herbal ingredients. Shows effectiveness against helminths at any stage of their development. Restores immunity. Assigned to children from 3 years old. Take before meals twice a day. The duration of treatment in adults is one month.
Rules for taking drugs
Remedy for parasites. Given the large number of contraindications and the high toxicity of some tablets from all types of worms for humans, you should consult your doctor before taking them.
This is especially true when the disease has affected pregnant women and young children, since it is extremely difficult to find the right drug that would be both low-toxic and quite effective at the same time.
The intake of some drugs must be accompanied by the intake of sorbents that would remove parasites from the intestines.
Also, to increase the effectiveness of antihelminthics, you need to eat right. During therapy, it is recommended to exclude spicy, very sweet and sour foods from the menu.
Prevention of infection with helminths
Of course, the remedy for parasites in most cases helps patients, unless the disease is neglected or the patient has no contraindications. However, it is much easier to prevent the disease than to drink sufficiently poisonous drugs, which include most of the pills for parasites.
To do this, it is enough to follow simple rules of hygiene - wash your hands before eating, after visiting the restroom and working with the soil, do not eat unwashed fruits and vegetables, raw or poorly cooked meat or fish, do not drink unboiled water, especially from natural sources, avoid contact with strangers animals, especially wild ones.
It is also necessary to teach children hygiene rules as early as possible. For the prevention of the disease, it is recommended to regularly eat raw onions and garlic, red peppers.
Preventive cleaning of parasites
Preventive cleansing of the body from parasites should be carried out twice a year, preferably in February-March and August-September. During this period, parasites actively multiply and become more susceptible to antiparasitic therapy. The well-known phenomena of "spring beriberi" and fall susceptibility to colds are actually associated with the activation of parasites.
Remedy for parasites. For preventive cleaning of the body, one package of ParaProtex is enough. Reception should be carried out according to the scheme described for the first stage of the general antiparasitic therapy program.
It is enough to reach a dosage of 4 tablets per day and continue taking it according to this scheme until the end of the package.
With the preventive course of ParaProtex, the preparatory measures and the intake of cleansers are carried out as needed.
Find out more:
- Treatment of worms in humans, medications and treatment regimen
- Helmintox - instructions for use, composition and dosage
- Worm medicine for children - the most effective drugs