Table of contents:
- What are parasites
- The main mechanisms of the spread of worms
- What are the signs to recognize helminthic invasion
- Signs and symptoms of parasites in the body
- Symptoms of worms depending on the type of parasite
- In what organs can parasites live?
- The consequences of parasitosis for the human body
- Ways to combat parasites
- Treatment of helminthiasis
- How to recover from parasites
- Prevention of parasites
Video: Symptoms Of Parasites In The Human Body - Signs Of Invasion
2023 Author: Riley Dean | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-05-24 12:07
The symptoms of parasites in the human body are reflected in the general well-being of a person, often he is pursued by chronic fatigue, headache, digestive disorders, sleep and appetite disorders. Parasites live in the intestines, as well as in the liver, can live in the lungs, in the heart, and even in the brain, blood and lymph. Very often worms are in people with weakened immunity. Parasites live long and multiply exponentially.
The content of the article:
- 1 What are parasites
- 2 The main mechanisms of the spread of worms
3 By what signs to recognize helminthic invasion
- 3.1 Infectious diseases as a result of decreased immunity
- 3.2 General malaise as a result of intoxication of the body
- 3.3 Allergic reactions, pathologies of the skin
- 3.4 Gastrointestinal disorders
- 4 Signs and symptoms of parasites in the body
- 5 Symptoms of worms depending on the type of parasite
- 6 In which organs can parasites live
- 7 Consequences of parasitosis for the human body
- 8 Ways to fight parasites
- 9 Treatment of helminthiasis
- 10 How to recover from parasites
- 11 Prevention of parasites
What are parasites
Parasites are creatures that can live in the human body and feed on it. There are many different types of parasites, the presence of which can cause different symptoms and ailments. They can also disguise themselves as various diseases. Parasitic infections can very often develop in children, as well as in adults, especially if pets - animals are kept at home.
Science has proven that there are more than two hundred and fifty different types of parasites. And medical statistics show that 95% of people are infected with parasites.
In the human body, parasites live happily ever after and reproduce in various organs and systems of the body.
The main mechanisms of the spread of worms
Soil, sand and other types of soil are the most fertile habitat for worm eggs. Fruiting plants are in continuous contact with the ground. When harvesting, greens, fruits and vegetables come into contact with the hands of workers, with the dusty shelves of vegetable stores, and trucks. In such conditions, food contamination with parasite eggs is highly likely. Therefore, it is necessary to thoroughly wash products of plant origin under running water, and then pour over with boiling water. You should be especially vigilant in rural areas where pets walk around the yard and then go into the house. It is not difficult to imagine what kind of sewage a cat or dog can put into the house after a night walk. Flies and cockroaches are also carriers of helminth eggs. When sitting on food, insects can infect your food.
Any contact with soil and sand can lead to the entry of parasites into the human body. Therefore, it is necessary to wash your hands thoroughly, especially under the nails. This applies in particular to children.
- From person to person. This infection mechanism is highly efficient. For example, pinworms lay eggs at night in the area around the anus. A child, in a state of sleep, scratches the place where the eggs are laid, as itching begins there. Thousands of eggs fall on clothes, on the bed, and in the morning on the doorknobs and on everything that a little fidget touches in the morning even before washing hands and washing. As a result, the whole family is at risk of infection.
By contact with water. Open bodies of water contain a huge number of types of worms. Bathing and accidental ingestion of water is a serious risk of infection
Children are much more likely than adults to be susceptible to helminthic invasion. This is due to the fact that the child's body is poorly protected (defense mechanisms are just being formed), and the child is actively in contact with the external environment. It is worth an incredible effort for parents to accustom him to basic rules of personal hygiene.
A baby under 6 years old is at high risk of infection. According to statistics, about 95% of children under 4-5 years old are infected with worms. Therefore, it is necessary to pay special attention to prevention.
Parasite symptoms. Most types of worms are inside the body, only there they lay eggs, and after a certain period of time they die. For example, pinworms live 6-8 weeks, roundworms - up to 1 year. The number of parasites in the body increases only with the ingress of new eggs from the outside.
Treatment allows you to get rid of worms much faster and stop the laying of eggs in the intestines. It is almost impossible for children with helminthic invasion to recover without medication. New eggs will constantly enter the oral cavity, replenishing the ranks of adults in the child's body.
What are the signs to recognize helminthic invasion
Signs of the appearance of worms in humans are obvious and hidden. The obvious ones include "unreasonable" weight loss, pale appearance (anemia of the skin), chronic fatigue, nighttime itching in the anal area. These manifestations are well known and are indicative of contamination.
Often there are cases of helminthic invasion, in which diseases of the internal organs are aggravated, diseases that have not previously manifested themselves occur. These are considered hidden signs.
Parasite symptoms. A person is taken to the treatment of many diseases, and the cause is ignored. At the same time, therapy does not bring results. Here are examples of such cases:
Infectious diseases as a result of decreased immunity
Parasites, being in the human body, consume many nutrients and release toxic substances. Such circumstances significantly reduce the patient's immunity. An exacerbation of chronic diseases, various inflammatory processes in the nasopharynx may begin.
Treatment of sinusitis or stomatitis in the standard way is pointless. It is important to rule out the cause. In girls and women, inflammation of the appendages of the uterus, vulvovaginitis, vaginosis of various origins can often begin.
Popular signs say: if a person snores or grinds his teeth in a dream, it means that he needs to be treated for parasites. But this information is not confirmed by medical science.
General malaise as a result of intoxication of the body
The more serious the helminthic invasion of the patient, the more harmful substances the parasites release. This has a detrimental effect on the well-being and the nervous system of adults and children.
Parasite symptoms. An example of this is migraine, dizziness, joint pain. Overcoming the nausea, the person takes painkillers, but the pains return after a short time: the cause of the discomfort was ignored.
In children, disorders of the nervous system are accompanied by irritability, apathy, and aggressiveness. If your child begins to sleep poorly, to talk in a dream, to have nightmares, or has slipped into school, then it's time to start preventing helminthiasis.
Allergic reactions, pathologies of the skin
The waste products of worms are perceived as triggers of allergens. Skin reactions (rash, itching, rashes, peeling of the skin) are the minimum of symptoms that can occur with the onset of an allergy.
There is a possibility of general reactions of the body: exacerbation of asthma, rhinitis, cough. Sometimes helminthic invasion is accompanied by fragility and hair loss, cracking of the skin on the heels, and peeling of nails.
Depending on the severity of the infection, symptoms can vary from mild to severe forms of the disorder. Parasite symptoms. From mild nausea and diarrhea, to chronic flatulence, constipation, vomiting, pain in the navel and hypochondrium. Worms in tissues do not affect the gastrointestinal tract as much as intestinal parasites.
Signs and symptoms of parasites in the body
- allergic reactions (edema on the mucous membranes, the formation of compacted foci);
- constipation or diarrhea;
- nervousness and sleep disturbance;
- grinding of teeth;
- cold sweat and loss of strength;
- heart pain and much more.
The main sources of parasitic infections in summer are: raw fish, dirty hands, unwashed vegetables and fruits, water (protozoa in cysts survive in chlorinated water) and, of course, domestic animals.
On the fur of animals there are eggs of worms (roundworm and toxocar), lamblia, and through the wet breath of a dog, the eggs of parasites are scattered 5 meters.
Parasite symptoms. Summer is a high risk of parasite infestation. This problem especially concerns children. According to statistics, 8 out of 10 schoolchildren have parasitic infections: games in the open air, dirty hands and close contact with animals often provoke the appearance of “harmful inhabitants”, which, in turn, create a deficiency of nutrients in the child, inhibiting his growth and development.
Symptoms of worms depending on the type of parasite
Symptoms will differ for different types of worms in humans. It is also worth considering the duration and strength of the infection with parasites, the general condition of the patient before infection. The table below summarizes the main symptoms of the presence of worms in humans by their type.
|Parasite type (disease)||Method of infection||Symptoms||Time of onset of symptoms|
|Pinworms (enterobiasis)||With food of plant origin.||Nocturnal itching around the anus, the presence of parasites in the feces, sharp short-term pain in the navel.||2-3 days after infection|
|Vlasoglav (trichocephalosis)||With contaminated food prepared in unsanitary conditions.||Symptoms are expressed only with severe invasion: diarrhea, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, inflammation of the appendix. In children, the growth of the body can be delayed and even rectal prolapse may occur.||Few weeks|
|Broad tapeworm (diphyllobothriasis)||When eating infected river fish.||This parasite can live up to 25 years inside the patient. Mechanical damage to the intestines, vitamin deficiency, intestinal obstruction, intoxication of the body, allergies.||Few weeks|
|Roundworm (hookworm)||When walking barefoot on charged soil.||Itching, swelling of the feet and legs where the parasite enters. Cough, phlegm, bronchial and lung damage. Weakness, dizziness. The menstrual cycle in women is disturbed. Men have impotence.||Several days|
|Ascaris (ascariasis)||With food of plant origin.||Pain in the intestines, peritonitis, bronchitis, pneumonia, liver disease, pancreas. May cause suffocation by crawling from the gastrointestinal tract into the esophagus or airways.||About 3 months|
|Trichinella (Trichinosis)||Poorly processed meat, lard.||Nausea and bouts of heartburn, diarrhea.||2 days|
|Hepatic and giant fluke (fascioliasis)||Plant food and water.||Fever, dry cough, loss of appetite, abdominal pain.||2-4 weeks|
In what organs can parasites live?
Parasite symptoms. Worm parasites are divided into two categories, which correspond to the site of activity in the donor's body.
- Cavitary - worms that live in various parts of the gastrointestinal tract. There are about 100 varieties of intestinal parasites, and there are a couple of dozen species for each section of the intestine. The small intestine is ready to accept roundworm, antilostomy, broad tapeworms and other less common "brethren". The small intestine "will share living space" with pinworms, dwarf tapeworm and others. The medical literature describes cases when one person was simultaneously infected with several types of parasites.
- Tissue - worms localized in organs, tissues and even in the blood. Modern medicine successfully copes with paragonimiasis (lungs), cysticercosis (brain), echinococcosis (liver) and filariasis (lymphatic vessels). Some larvae of worms move through the body through the circulatory system and randomly attach to any organ. If many eggs are introduced, the entire body may be infected.
The consequences of parasitosis for the human body
Fighting off foreign antibodies, the body's immune system is depleted. In humans, the reserves of potassium, copper, manganese, selenium, zinc, magnesium and silicon decrease. In addition to hematopoiesis disorders and hormonal disruptions, parasites:
- Organs and tissues are injured.
- Drain the immune system.
- Disrupt metabolism.
- Poison the body with toxins.
- Violate the blood supply to organs and lymph circulation.
- They inhibit the microflora of the skin and intestines.
- They inhibit the growth and development of children, etc.
It should be noted that the human body has protective mechanisms that can neutralize parasites.
Parasite symptoms. For example, eggs of worms can die in saliva, they can be stopped by the acidic environment of the stomach. A properly functioning intestine also produces special substances to kill parasites. However, few people can boast of perfect health.
Ways to combat parasites
Firstly, drug treatment, which is highly effective and based on the intake of synthetic drugs. However, taking these drugs not only destroys parasites, but also damages the bone marrow, blood cells, the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract, kidneys, liver, nerve cells. After such treatment, rehabilitation measures are usually required.
Secondly, alternative treatment is the intake of herbal infusions to cleanse the body. This method does not cause complications and has practically no contraindications.
The most common recipes for parasitosis include garlic, wormwood tincture, ground ginger, herbal teas and other natural ingredients. Unfortunately, the effectiveness of this method has not always been proven, and the exact dosages have not been fully established.
Biologically active additives and complexes on a natural basis have a multifaceted complex effect on the body. At the first stage, the body is cleansed, then - an active antiparasitic blow, and finally - the restoration of the intestinal microflora.
Treatment of helminthiasis
The treatment of parasitic diseases is a major issue. It is important to know not only how to get rid of the parasite, but also to understand the goals of treating parasitosis:
- elimination of parasites and all forms of their existence (cysts, eggs, larvae, etc.),
- normalization of the disturbed work of all organs and systems,
- restoration of the body.
These criteria are fully met by the preparations of the company "Optisalt", which are produced on the basis of plant components: "Metosept +", "Regesol", "Imkap", "Fomidan", "Vitanorm +", "Maxipham +", "Nevronorm", "Baktrum ".
Parasite symptoms. Each of these agents has a specific therapeutic effect. The complex use of these drugs allows you to combine their therapeutic effects and get excellent results.
The selection of a course of treatment is carried out individually, based on:
- severity of parasitic invasion,
- the presence of complications from one organ or another,
- the severity of concomitant diseases in humans, etc.
The advantages of "Optisalt" preparations in the treatment of parasitic diseases are:
- the ability to summarize the positive effects of several funds.
Means "Optisalt" were tested in clinical practice by specialists of various profiles, and were also tested on the basis of the Department of Infectious Diseases of the Botkin Hospital and the Institute of Development Biology named after Koltsov RAS.
How to recover from parasites
Self-medication is not recommended. In our country, about 60 types of worms are widespread, and for each it is necessary to select the appropriate preparations. Usually, doctors use 10 types of drugs and their analogues, according to the type of helminths. These medicines have a mild detoxifying effect on the patient's body.
|Basic medicine (active ingredient)||Release form||Price||Analogue||Release form||Price|
|Piperazine (as Piperazine adipate)||pills||from 9 rub.||Piperazine-Darnitsa||Oral solution [for children], tablets||From 30 rubles.|
|Pirantel.||Oral suspension, film-coated tablets||From 29 rubles.||(1) Helmintox, (2) Combantrine, (3) Nemocide||(1) Oral suspension, film-coated tablets. (2) Oral suspension, film-coated tablets. (3) Oral suspension, film-coated tablets||(1) From 69 rub. (2) From 20 rubles. (3) From 150 rubles.|
|Mebendazole||Tablets, suspension, baby syrup||From 20 rubles.||Vermox, Vermacar, Mebex, Vero-Mebendazole, Thermox, Wormin||Tablets, suspension, baby syrup||From 20 rubles.|
|Albendazole||pills||From 195 rub.||Nemozol, Gelmodol-VM, Vormil||Tablets, suspension, baby syrup||From 166 rub.|
|Levamisole||pills||From 100 rubles.||Dekaris||pills||From 80 rubles.|
|Carbendacim||pills||From 80 rubles.||Medamin||pills||From 80 rubles.|
Prevention of parasites
In the organs of almost any person, parasites "live". Unfortunately, even babies still in the womb cannot be protected from damage by the simplest unicellular parasites. To destroy them, of course, one cannot resort to pills, radiation and other actions.
Parasite symptoms. The number of parasites in the human body is increasing and increasing. There are a lot of them, as a result of which diseases and organ dysfunctions arise. If you really want to do antiparasitic cleansing, then one cleansing session alone won't be enough.
This issue should be approached comprehensively, preferably under the supervision of a specialist. And so that the "worms" do not begin to multiply again, you need to change your diet, ideally switch to a raw food diet or sit on a plant-based diet for a while.
Find out more:
- Parasites in the human body - diagnosis and treatment
- Getting rid of worms at home - recipes and methods
- Bacteria parasites: species, examples, habitats