Coronavirus: Everything You Need To Know About The Virus. Latest Data

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Coronavirus: Everything You Need To Know About The Virus. Latest Data
Coronavirus: Everything You Need To Know About The Virus. Latest Data

Video: Coronavirus: Everything You Need To Know About The Virus. Latest Data

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Video: Understanding Coronavirus: Everything You Need to Know 2023, February
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Coronavirus. Specialists from the Moscow Department of Health are talking about what you need to know about coronavirus infection and how to act if you suspect a virus. So what is coronavirus and how is it transmitted?

The new coronavirus is a respiratory virus. It is transmitted mainly by airborne droplets as a result of inhalation of droplets from the patient's airways, such as when coughing or sneezing, as well as droplets of saliva or nasal discharge. It can also spread when a sick person touches any contaminated surface, such as a doorknob. In this case, infection occurs by touching the mouth, nose or eyes with dirty hands.

The content of the article:

    0.1 Detailed statistics of the spread of infection:

  • 1 Defeat the coronavirus. So:

    • 1.1 How not to get infected
    • 1.2 How not to infect others
  • 2 Coronavirus in Crimea:

Detailed statistics on the spread of infection:

What are the symptoms of coronavirus?

The main symptoms of coronavirus:

  • Elevated temperature
  • Sneezing
  • Cough
  • Labored breathing

In the overwhelming majority of cases, these symptoms are not associated with coronavirus, but with ordinary SARS.

How is coronavirus transmitted?

Transmission ways:

1. Airborne (virus is released when coughing, sneezing, talking)

2. Contact-household (through household items)

What preventive measures can protect?

The most important thing to do to protect yourself is to follow the rules of personal hygiene and reduce visits to public and crowded places.

Keep your hands clean and wash them often with soap and water or use a disinfectant.

Try not to touch your mouth, nose, or eyes with unwashed hands (usually such touching is unconsciously performed by us on average 15 times per hour). At work, regularly clean the surfaces and devices you touch (computer keyboards, general office equipment panels, smartphone screens, remotes, doorknobs and handrails).

Carry disposable wipes with you and always cover your nose and mouth when you cough or sneeze.

Do not eat food (nuts, chips, cookies, and other snacks) from shared containers or utensils if other people have immersed their fingers in them.

Explain to the children how germs are spread and why good hand and face hygiene is important. Tell your children about coronavirus prevention. Ventilate the area frequently. If you find symptoms similar to those caused by the coronavirus, stay at home and call your doctor.

coronavirus
coronavirus

How long does it take for symptoms to appear?

Symptoms may appear within 14 days of contact with an infectious patient.

What complications can there be after coronavirus?

The new coronavirus infection refers to acute respiratory viral infections (ARVI) and its complications can be the same as in other ARVIs - pneumonia, bronchitis, sinusitis and others.

Where to get tested for coronavirus?

Self-delivery of tests for coronavirus is not provided!

Is the coronavirus test carried out at a personal request or as directed by a doctor?

The test for the presence of coronavirus is prescribed only according to indications and exclusively by a doctor of a medical organization (polyclinic, hospital or ambulance). The following are subject to examination:

1) arrived within the last 14 days from countries with an unfavorable epidemiological situation (China, Korea, Iran), 2) persons with signs of ARVI who arrived from countries where cases of the disease have been recorded *, 3) persons who have been in contact with a person with a coronavirus infection.

A medical professional will take a sample for analysis. In all other cases, the analysis is not performed. * the list of countries is posted on the Rospotrebnadzor website.

coronavirus
coronavirus

In which countries is the unfavorable epidemiological situation?

Data on countries with unfavorable epidemiological situations are posted on the websites of WHO and Rospotrebnadzor of the Russian Federation. These countries have recorded at least one case of coronavirus.

How do I know what I need to quarantine?

The self-isolation regime, even in the absence of any symptoms, must be observed only by citizens arriving from China, South Korea, Iran, Italy, Spain, Germany, France. If there are signs of ARVI, you must call a doctor at home, the doctor will prescribe treatment.

Where to go after receiving the Rospotrebnadzor resolution?

If you are healthy, then every day about your health and body temperature you report to the polyclinic at your place of residence during the entire quarantine period (14 days). 2. If you need a sick leave, you need to go to your clinic. 3. If you have symptoms of acute respiratory viral infections, immediately call a doctor.

How long does the quarantine last?

The quarantine lasts 14 days from the moment of crossing the border of China, Korea, Iran, Italy, Germany, Spain, France, or from the date of contact with a sick person with a new coronavirus infection.

What cannot be done during quarantine?

You cannot leave your place of residence, attend school and work. The risk of infection for family members is reduced if basic hygiene requirements are observed - use a mask, individual dishes, often wash hands and use skin antiseptics, and regularly ventilate the premises.

How long will the daily doctor visits last?

The number of doctor's visits is determined in each case individually during the entire quarantine period (14 days).

coronavirus
coronavirus

If I am in isolation, should my family members who have not visited dangerous countries also stay at home?

No, you shouldn't, unless you have a coronavirus infection. But if possible, it is better to refrain from contact with relatives during the quarantine period. The risk of infection for family members is reduced if basic hygiene requirements are observed - use a mask, individual dishes, often wash hands and use skin antiseptics, and regularly ventilate the premises.

How much does a hospital stay?

Medical care for all patients with suspected new coronavirus infection is provided free of charge.

How and how long does the diagnosis take? Is it true that it has three stages? What does it include?

A single test is not enough to make a diagnosis. If a person does not have ARVI symptoms, then he is tested 2 times. In the presence of ARVI symptoms, studies are carried out at least 3 times.

What tests are taken to diagnose this infection?

Diagnosis of a new coronavirus infection is carried out by molecular genetic methods - PCR (polymerase chain reaction). For research, a swab from the nose and oropharynx is taken, as well as other tests as prescribed by the doctor.

How are people treated while they are waiting for test results? What medicines?

Treatment is prescribed by a doctor depending on the symptoms in accordance with Russian and international recommendations. Self-medication is contraindicated.

If there is a suspicion of coronavirus, why are patients not isolated from each other, but placed in the same ward?

People with suspected coronavirus infection with the same terms of crossing the border or contact with a sick person are in small wards. At the first positive test result for coronavirus infection, the patient is immediately isolated.

On what basis are the allegedly infected hospitalized?

Hospitalization is carried out in accordance with the Resolution of the Chief Sanitary Doctor of the Russian Federation * (* dated 02.03.2020 No. 5 "On additional measures to reduce the risks of importation and spread of a new coronavirus infection (2019-nCoV)).

Who should be hospitalized with the sick person?

The decision on hospitalization is made by the doctor conducting the examination, depending on the severity of the condition and the proximity of contacts with the patient.

How is the disinfection of premises in hospitals organized, where patients with suspected coronavirus are taken?

Disinfection is carried out at least 2 times a day in all rooms of the hospital using disinfectants and physical methods for disinfecting air and surfaces (bactericidal lamps and air disinfectants).

Why do doctors leave the hospital even though they themselves have been in contact with patients?

During work, the staff uses personal protective equipment (masks, respirators, gloves, medical caps). At the end of each shift, the medical staff hands over the equipment for disposal and undergoes complete sanitization (shower with detergents and disinfectants).

Can relatives visit a patient who is in isolation in a hospital?

During the period while the patient is in isolation, relatives cannot visit him. These measures are introduced to prevent the spread of the disease. However, everyone who is being treated in a hospital can always use a mobile phone to communicate with relatives.

Can I use my phone while in isolation mode?

Yes, everyone who is being treated in a hospital can always use a mobile phone to communicate with relatives and for other purposes.

How many patients can be in one room?

Small rooms are used.

Can relatives bring food and other necessary things to the hospital?

Relatives can give food and personal items to patients, but there are a number of restrictions that you can clarify by calling the hospital information desk.

coronavirus
coronavirus

How is the nutrition of patients in the hospital organized?

For hospital patients with suspected new coronavirus infection, meals are organized in accordance with sanitary norms and rules.

What should I do if I have arrived from a country with an unfavorable epidemiological situation and my temperature has risen?

If you have signs of acute respiratory viral infections (fever, cough, etc.), immediately call a doctor at home or an ambulance!

Why is the border not closed for entry and exit to Russia?

Currently, the entry of foreign citizens on tourist, work and study visas from the territory of countries in which massive cases of new coronavirus infection have been recorded are temporarily restricted:

1. People's Republic of China (order of the Government of Russia dated February 18, 2020 No. 338-r) from February 20, 2020;

2. Islamic Republic of Iran (order of the Government of Russia dated February 28, 2020 No. 447-r) from February 28, 2020;

3. Republic of Korea (order of the Government of Russia dated 01.03.2020 No. 448-r) from 01.03.2020.

How is the passage at the Russian border in connection with the coronavirus carried out?

At the airports, medical supervision of passengers arriving from countries with an unfavorable sanitary and epidemiological situation for this disease has been strengthened. All citizens arriving from China, Iran and South Korea are issued isolation orders, their contact details are recorded, a photograph is taken, and an analysis is taken for coronavirus infection. Body temperature measurement is carried out for all passengers on international flights at all airports.

Surrounded by people who have returned from China, South Korea, Iran, Italy, what measures are applied to them?

People returning from China, South Korea, Iran, Italy, France, Germany, Spain must be self-isolating at home within 14 days from the date of departure from the territory of the countries. Compliance with the isolation regime is monitored, incl. using special technical measures (including video surveillance).

I came from Italy, I feel good. What happens if you do not comply with the self-isolation regime?

By the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of January 31, 2020 No. 66, coronavirus infection (2019-nCoV) was included in the list of diseases that pose a danger to others. Violation of the law entails liability, including criminal liability, up to imprisonment for up to 5 years. Compliance with the regime is monitored with the help of video surveillance; in case of violation of the regime, the placement of a citizen in the observatory is provided. Violation of legislation in the field of ensuring the sanitary and epidemiological well-being of the population, expressed in violation of the current sanitary rules and hygienic standards, failure to comply with sanitary-hygienic and anti-epidemic measures, entails liability (Article 236 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation):

Part 1 - violation of sanitary and epidemiological rules, which, through negligence, entailed a mass illness or poisoning of people, is punishable by a fine in the amount of up to eighty thousand rubles or in the amount of the convict's salary or other income for a period of up to six months, or by deprivation of the right to occupy certain positions or engage in certain activities for up to three years, or compulsory labor for up to three hundred and sixty hours, or correctional labor for up to one year, or restraint of liberty for up to one year;

Part 2 - the same act that negligently entailed the death of a person is punishable by compulsory labor for a period of up to four hundred and eighty hours, or correctional labor for a period of six months to two years, or compulsory labor for a period of up to five years, or imprisonment for that same term.

Who compensates for the difference between sick leave and real salary if I was in isolation and healthy?

No compensation is provided for by the current legislation.

If a person lives alone, is it possible to take out garbage outside in self-isolation mode, receive parcels from a courier, go to a pharmacy and buy groceries?

If you live alone, it is recommended to use the delivery service with the help of your friends and acquaintances. In case of emergency (throw away the garbage, walk the dog), it is possible to go outside in low-crowded times, always wearing a medical mask. Please note that control over compliance with the isolation regime is carried out, including with the help of a video surveillance system.

Coronavirus: everything you need to know about the virus. Latest data
Coronavirus: everything you need to know about the virus. Latest data

Defeat the coronavirus. So:

The causative agents of all these diseases are highly contagious and are transmitted mainly by airborne droplets.

When sneezing and coughing in the air around a sick person, microdroplets of his saliva, sputum and respiratory secretions that contain viruses are spread. Larger droplets settle on surrounding objects and surfaces, small ones stay in the air for a long time and are transported to distances up to several hundred meters, while viruses retain the ability to infect from several hours to several days. The main measures of hygienic prevention are aimed at preventing healthy people from coming into contact with particles of a sick person's secretions containing viruses.

Compliance with the following hygiene rules will significantly reduce the risk of infection or further spread of influenza, coronavirus infection and other SARS.

How not to get infected

- Wash hands after visiting any public places, transport, touching doorknobs, money, public office equipment in the workplace, before eating and preparing food. Pay special attention to thoroughly soaping (at least 20 seconds), and then completely drying your hands.

- After returning home from the street - wash your hands and face with soap, rinse your nose with isotonic salt solution.

- Touch the face, eyes, with just recently washed hands. If water and soap are not available, use alcohol-based hand sanitizers to clean your hands. Or use a disposable napkin if you need to touch your eyes or nose

- Wear a disposable medical mask in crowded places and transport. It is necessary to change the mask to a new one every 2-3 hours; the mask cannot be reused.

- Give preference to sleek hairstyles when you are in crowded places, loose hair, often in contact with your face, increases the risk of infection.

- Avoid close contact and stay in the same room with people who have visible signs of SARS (coughing, sneezing, nasal discharge).

- Do not touch door handles, handrails, other objects and surfaces in public spaces with bare hands.

- Limit welcome handshakes, kisses and hugs.

- Ventilate the premises more often.

- Do not use shared towels.

How not to infect others

- Minimize contact with healthy people (welcome handshakes, kisses).

- If you feel unwell, but have to communicate with other people or use public transport - use a disposable mask, be sure to change it to a new one every hour.

- When coughing or sneezing, be sure to cover your mouth, if possible with a disposable handkerchief, if not, with your palms or elbows.

- Use only personal or disposable tableware.

- Isolate your personal hygiene items from household members: toothbrush, washcloth, towels.

- Carry out wet cleaning of the house every day, including the processing of door handles, switches, office equipment control panels.

Coronavirus in Crimea:

The fact that in Sevastopol the situation with coronavirus is under complete control, the acting governor of the city Mikhail Razvozhaev told reporters. All hospitals are provided with the necessary equipment and supplies.

Currently, not a single case of coronavirus has been recorded in Sevastopol. At the same time, 30 people are under supervision, and 50 have already left medical institutions.

On the recommendation of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation, all schools in Sevastopol will be closed from March 19.

The Acting Governor of Sevastopol noted that, if necessary, the facilities of the State Unitary Enterprise "Pensions of Sevastopol" will be used to accommodate patients in Sevastopol:

Sevastopol placed an order for an additional number of medical masks.

Find out more:

  • Coronavirus - breaking news. Infection in China 2020
  • Coronavirus - what it is and how to deal with it. Prevention
  • Medical equipment is something that no clinic can do without

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