Sarcoptic Mange In Cats. Diagnostics, Treatment And Prevention

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Sarcoptic Mange In Cats. Diagnostics, Treatment And Prevention
Sarcoptic Mange In Cats. Diagnostics, Treatment And Prevention

Video: Sarcoptic Mange In Cats. Diagnostics, Treatment And Prevention

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: What is cat Mange/ Mites/Dermatitis, How it diagnose and treatment Part 2-2 by Dr Murtaza Khalil AK 2023, February

Sarcoptic mange in cats is a type of scabies caused by parasites of the genus Sarcoptes. Microscopic mites devour the epidermis, causing discomfort and pain to the animal. Diseases of pets are a cause of concern for caring owners.

Sarcoptic mange appears due to the presence of Sarcoptes canis (pruritus mite) in the animal. It can be passed from one pet to another. It should be noted that it is not possible to identify the causative agent of this disease on the animal's body. The fact is that the mites are incredibly tiny (body length ranges from 0.2 to 0.4 mm). It is possible to determine the presence of this mite on the surface of a cat's skin only under a microscope.

The content of the article:

  • 1 What is the causative agent of the problem
  • 2 The harmful effects of parasites
  • 3 Sarcoptic mange in cats - symptoms
  • 4 How to determine the presence of an ailment
  • 5 Sarcoptic mange - features of the diagnosis of the disease
  • 6 How to treat sarcoptic mange
  • 7 What treatment options are offered
  • 8 Sarcoptic mange - disease prevention

What is the causative agent of the problem

Sarcoptic mange in cats
Sarcoptic mange in cats

This type of mite is not able to exist without a host. Penetrating into the external environment, parasites are unable to reproduce. Moreover, these organisms die after about 13 days. In the event that such mites hit the body of healthy cats, then they are instantly pushed under the skin and make a huge number of moves imperceptible to the human eye. It is in these passages that the females leave their eggs, which subsequently turn into adults.

The harmful effects of parasites

The mites of the genus Sarcoptes are eyeless, light gray creatures 0.2-0.5 mm in size. Their main "weapon" is the proboscis, with which they bite into the skin of an animal, "drilling" deep passages in it. Parasites live very shortly - from 1 to 1.5 months, leaving behind a huge offspring. A disease in which these mites settle in the epidermis and actively multiply in its thickness is called sarcoptic mange. Cats are parasitized by Notoedres, a species of the Sarcoptidale family. Therefore, it is more correct to call a feline disease notoedrosis.

How does the infection take place? In most cases, a feline is infected on the street from a sick individual. Even a domestic cat is at risk of picking up ticks. This can happen when the pet ran out onto the stairs, colliding with a sick animal "head to head", or he was interested in the place where the "sick" had been lying before.

Sarcoptic mange in cats
Sarcoptic mange in cats

He sniffs it, can rub it - and the parasites are already on the fur of the domestic cat. The essence of ticks is such that they can live outside the epidermis for up to 8 hours and invade a healthy cat, moving on from an infected one. With frost and "frying" in the sun, parasites quickly die. If your cat is overpowered by Notoedres, then her bedding, as well as other objects with which she came in contact, can be frozen or taken out into bright sunlight. It is enough even to withstand these things on the balcony for 2-3 hours in order to destroy ticks.

Meanwhile, the furry friend returns home from the stairs or the street already infected. Nobody will notice the parasites on it, they tend to get under the skin of their "host", and they multiply there. At the same time, sarcoptic mange and notoedrosis in cats is rather difficult to determine, because it very much resembles the symptoms of food allergies: redness, itching, itchy eyes.

Further it gets worse. After a few days, characteristic bubbles appear near the nose and on the ears, which quickly burst, leaving behind scabs. They begin to itch strongly, while the animal, combing itself, spreads parasites throughout the body. The affected areas dry, on the itchy areas, the hair falls off, the scabs form extremely unattractive ulcers. But the worst thing is that the poor cat is experiencing constant itching, which brings him to nervous stress.

The pet does not sleep well and eats, quickly loses weight, becomes lethargic. Within a few days, the animal is covered with scabs and bald patches, and its open wounds are a breeding ground for new parasites.

Do not indulge yourself with the thought that sarcoptic mange does not occur in people. Yes, Sarcoptes mites, having crossed over to human skin, cannot reproduce, since this is the epidermis of a nonspecific "host". Simply put, they die on the human body. However, contacting a sick animal, the owner of a fluffy ward runs the risk of getting pseudo scab, the signs of which persist for up to 4 months: redness, rash, itching itching. Children may experience allergies after contact with an affected cat.

Sarcoptic mange in cats - symptoms

The first manifestations of the disease appear within 10-20 days after infection. The main symptom is pronounced itching, which can intensify in the evening. The first lesions appear on the head. The disease is also accompanied by secondary symptoms:

  • the appearance of nodules on the nose, ears and eyebrows;
  • the presence of itchy blisters filled with fluid;
  • loss of hair at the place of combs;
  • the appearance of bleeding scratches;
  • hyperpigmentation and skin thickening.

A person can become infected with sarcoptic mange from their pet. This happens through direct contact with an animal, or through various household items. In humans, Sarcoptes mites bite into the skin, causing inflammation, which is accompanied by the appearance of papular rashes on the body. The only thing that pleases is that ticks cannot exist for a long time on the human body, they need an animal.

How to determine the presence of an ailment

Sarcoptic mange in cats
Sarcoptic mange in cats

In order to make a competent treatment of sarcoptic mange in cats, you should fully make sure that the animal is a carrier of this particular type of tick.

Homeless cats are present almost everywhere. They can be found in entrances, basements, near shops, etc. A large percentage of such animals left without a host is a carrier of the itch mite. If pets go outside and come into contact with stray relatives, then infection, in such situations, cannot be avoided.

The signs of the development of the disease at the initial stage are the same in all four-legged animals, and these symptoms do not alarm the owners of the animals at all. As a rule, people think that a cat has eaten something wrong, so its body reacts in a non-standard way. If you notice significant redness on the cat's body, then do not assume that this is an allergic reaction caused by food poisoning. In most cases, the red lesions begin to itch, so the cat itches constantly. In this case, you should immediately contact your veterinarian to confirm or deny the suspicion. If a specialist detects the presence of a tick at the initial stage of its appearance, and prescribes a competent treatment, it will be possible to get rid of the problem rather quickly.

Reproduction of Sarcoptes canis ticks occurs at an incredible speed, which explains the rapid progression of this disease.

Literally a few days after the parasite enters the cat's body, it can affect absolutely all areas of the pet. The body, as well as the muzzle of the four-legged friend, will be covered with characteristic bubbles, which burst when the animal begins to itch. The zones of burst bubbles will be covered with crusts after a short time.

During the development of sarcoptic mange, cats begin to lose their hair. In the area of ​​the tail, as well as the legs, rather deep cracks appear, which constantly highlight the ichor. As for the general condition of the pet, you can see that the animal becomes more lethargic, exhausted. In the process of mites reproduction, the cat loses a lot in weight, since its appetite disappears. The animal refuses even its favorite foods.

Based on this, it can be noted that the main signs of the course of sarcoptic mange in cats are:

  • significant lesions of the skin;
  • the wool falls out in whole shreds;
  • there is constant itching in the animal.

If you do not start early treatment, these symptoms may worsen.

Sarcoptic mange - features of the diagnosis of the disease

Sarcoptic mange in cats. Diagnostics, treatment and prevention
Sarcoptic mange in cats. Diagnostics, treatment and prevention

There is no such symptomatology that can accompany sarcoptic mange exclusively. The disease is very similar in its symptoms to many other diseases, such as demodicosis and dermatitis. At the initial stage of the development of infection, the presence of the mentioned type of ticks generally resembles allergic reactions.

In order to identify the problem and begin the correct treatment, you will need to visit your veterinarian. Only in a veterinary clinic will a specialist be able to identify the cause of the deterioration of the skin condition, as well as hair loss. The doctor should take skin scrapings and perform microscopic examination.

The material is taken with a scalpel, which is carried out along the zone delimiting health, as well as the affected tissue. The specialist places the taken analysis in a special bacteriological container, after which it is poured with a special substance. After a short period of time, the doctor transfers the drops of the liquid substance, as well as the particles of the skin, onto a glass slide and examines it under a microscope.

How to treat sarcoptic mange

The disease is diagnosed on the basis of the signs listed above and is clarified by examining deep skin scrapings. They are taken with a scalpel between the affected and healthy skin. The resulting scraping is poured with a sodium / potassium solution, after which the biomass is examined under a cover glass. When sarcoptic mange is diagnosed in cats, treatment can begin.

Before applying the preparations, the crusts, previously washed with soap and water, are removed from the skin. Pustules are treated with antibacterial agents.

Small lesions are lubricated with the following composition: 5 parts of tar, 45 parts of petroleum jelly, 30 parts of green soap, 10 of sedimentary sulfur, and 100 parts of petroleum jelly. You can take tanacetic liniment. Ointments are rubbed 2-3 times at intervals of 6-7 days. Keratolytic shampoos give good results. In addition, synthetic pyrethroids, ivermectin, frontline can be used. Along with the treatment, you need to start a thorough cleaning of the apartment.

What treatment options are offered

Sarcoptic mange in cats. Diagnostics, treatment and prevention
Sarcoptic mange in cats. Diagnostics, treatment and prevention

The category of animals in which sarcoptic mange is detected should be isolated from healthy pets, as well as children and adult owners.

Experts recommend cutting the hair in the affected areas, and before starting therapy, bathe the cat thoroughly using a special keratolytic shampoo.

For the treatment of sarcoptic mange, animals can be prescribed the following drugs:

  1. Aversectin ointment. At the initial stages of treatment, it should be applied from 2 to 3 times. After that, you will need to pause for 5 days and resume the therapeutic procedure. The pet is processed until complete recovery, the confirmation of which must be carried out through microscopic studies.
  2. Drops "Advocate". This medication is for external use only. The therapy helps to rid the animal of fleas, as well as pruritic mites and even worms. During the course of sarcoptic mange, two drops should be used daily. The best place to apply is the area between the shoulder blades, because in all other parts of the body, the medicine will be readily available to the cat, and she will simply lick it off.
  3. Sulfuric ointment. When an animal is diagnosed with sarcoptic mange, experts very often prescribe this particular remedy. It must be applied to the affected areas, as well as the surrounding tissues from 1 to 2 times a day. Treatment should last for 1 to 3 weeks. This ointment has excellent antiparasitic and antimicrobial properties. In addition, it has a softening and exfoliating effect.

Sarcoptic mange - disease prevention

Complex treatment of sarcoptic mange in cats is not all. General cleaning of the premises is necessary to prevent further infection. All toys of the cat, rugs, bedding should be thoroughly cleaned of parasites.

The floors are cleaned with disinfectants, which are guaranteed to kill ticks. Anything the infected ward came into contact with must be carefully processed.

Note! During cleaning, the pet should be removed from the house so that the disinfectant does not get on its paws or wool, which he will certainly lick. Some remedies are effective (for example, Lysol or Creolin), but extremely poisonous!

After cleaning, the room must be ventilated, and the surfaces must be rinsed again, but with plain water. Cleaning should be repeated after 10-12 days.

How to prevent such an unpleasant disease as sarcoptic mange in cats? His treatment will require a certain endurance from the owners. Some pets get nervous when they wear a special collar. And he will definitely be required so that the animal does not have the opportunity to lick the skin treated with drugs. It is much easier to prevent a cat from getting sick, which means it is necessary:

  • protect him from contact with stray animals;
  • wash paws after walking;
  • It is advisable to castrate a pet (a cat) or neuter (a cat) so that he does not have the impulses to run out into the street or staircase.

And most importantly, the four-legged friend needs to be kept clean and fed with food that contains useful substances and vitamins. Statistics show that felines with weak immunity get sick most quickly. Remember that the health of your furry pet depends only on you!

Find out more:

  • Nematodes in cats - symptoms, signs, and general treatments
  • Treating cats for worms - signs and types of parasites
  • Symptoms of toxoplasmosis in cats Treatment and prevention

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